Claver, Surigao del Norte
Map of Surigao del Norte with Claver highlighted
|Region||Caraga (Region XIII)|
|Province||Surigao del Norte|
|Congr. district||2nd district of Surigao del Norte|
|• Mayor||Eddie Patan Gokiangkee|
|• Total||322.60 km2 (124.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||73/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Website||Claver LGU FB|
Claver is a second-class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. With a total land area of 322.60 square kilometres (124.56 sq mi), it is the largest municipality of the province. As of the 2010 census, it has a population of 23,702 people.
In the northeast, it is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, to the west by the town of Gigaquit, and to the south by the boundary town of Carrascal, Surigao del Sur. It is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of the provincial capital, Surigao City. The town can be reached by bus, van-for-hire and jeepney from the Surigao Integrated Bus & Jeepney Terminal or at any point along the national highway. Its patron saint is St. Peter Claver and fiesta is celebrated every ninth day of September.
A large part of the municipal land area is a mining reservation because there are large iron mineral deposits.
Claver is politically divided into 14 barangays:
- Bagakay (Pob. West)
- Ladgaron (Pob.)
- Tayaga (Pob. East)
Since time immemorial the present site of Poblacion Claver was a virgin swampy land dotted with dry land called in the local dialect “Taposoc”. The biggest dry land is now the Claver Sports Center site and the St. Peter Parish Church yard. The said place is adjacent to a river, which was rich in marine products such as crabs, shrimps, shell and different fishes. In a different dry land spot grew big trees. Some of the trees bear edible fruits. Different kinds of birds built their nests in the trees making them as their permanent homes. That particular place was also attractive for people to settle.
A PLACE CALLED “TAYAGA”
There was a time that the Boholano traders could not continue their trip to their destination due to unpleasant weather. Their ship could not withstand the big waves of the sea, so they found shelter in the bank of a river. They happened to meet the Mamanwas, who were catching fish and shrimps by means of their bare hands. The Boholano traders showed them another way of catching fish by means of hook and lines. The Boholanos attached four to five hooks in the line with bait on each hook. By throwing the line to the water the fishes swallows the baits and they were caught by the hooks.
The Mamanwas were amazed to see the procedure of catching fish. They asked the Boholanos about the implements of catching fish. The Boholanos responded that the implements they used in catching fishes were “TAGA”. With great joy the Mamanwas shouted “TAYAGA, TAYAGA”. It was during that time, that they coined the word “TAYAGA”. That was the beginning that the particular place was called.”TAYAGA”.
Attracted by the occasional presence of the native Mamanwas in Tayaga, in 1888, Father Esteban Ypes, the parish priest of Gigaquit, met the Mamanwas and tried to convert them to Christianity. The priest gave them food and clothing and made a settlement in Tayaga. But contrary to expectations, the Mamanwas returned to the mountain and never showed up again.
To make of settlement grow, the priest invited immigrants from Bohol and Leyte to settle in the place. He also convinced the natives of the adjoining villages of Tayahong, Ladgaron, Pangi, Daywan and other farmers from Gigaquit to make their permanent residence in Tayaga. They were requested to work together cooperatively with the immigrants for the settlement's improvement.
CLAVER BECAME A MUNICIPALITY
In 1900, during the beginning of the American Regime, the administration created many barrios into municipalities, and one of them was Claver. It became a municipality of the province of Surigao. Its existence of being a municipality lasted only for five years, due to the epidemic that occurred in 1903, which resulted in the deaths of several people in the town. An unexpected pest also devastated livestock and agriculture. Many families relocated to other places.
The sad malady decreased the income of the people and it was hard for them to pay their obligations to the government. The municipal government was not able anymore to sustain their expenditure, hence the demotion of the municipality to a barrio under the Municipality of Gigaquit. However, Claver produced native executives namely: Hon. Doroteo Perlas and Hon. Pedro A. Paqueo. The Municipal Secretary was Mr. Florentino Avelino and the judges who were appointed in succession were Judge Canuto Lantoria, a native of Claver and Judge Matias Galeon and Judge Maximo Samontina both Boholano immigrants.
CLAVER, A BARRIO FROM 1905-1955
For fifty long years Claver was administered by Barrio Lietenants only. Some of them who run the barrio efficiently who were worthy to be remembered, were Hon. Marcos Mira, Hon. Benito Paqueo, Hon. Francisco Gortea and Hon. Feliciano Larase.
Hon. Pedro A. Paqueo was elected Mayor of Gigaquit (1903 to 1905). He tried his best to work for the return of barrio Claver to a municipality. But the Colorum uprising in 1924 hindered his dreams and Claver remained a barrio.
However, during the intervening period before Claver returned to her former status as a municipality, there were several Clavernons who were elected municipal positions in the municipality of Gigaquit. As Vice Mayors, there were three elected: Hon. Francisco Verdun, Hon. Agapito Ocon, Hon. Gregorio Dedumo. For municipal councilors, they were: Hon. Faustino Saranza, Hon. Eugenio Galgo, Hon. Pedro Mira, Hon. Jose Ladaga, Hon. Jorge Aceron, Hon. MArcelino Navallo, Hon. Tranquilino Latorre, and Hon. Floro Basul.
CLAVER REGAINED MUNICIPALITY STATUS
Through time the economy in Claver rose up. The people were able to produce much rice and the coconut plantations gave fruits in abundance. Gigaquit municipal council prepared a resolution requesting His excellency President Ramon Magsaysay, President of the Republic of the Philippines, to give Claver honorable status as a municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte.
On September 13, 1955, President Ramon Magsaysay signed Executive Order No. 126 declaring Claver a municipality to consist with the barrios of Claver, which shall be the seat of the municipal government, Nuevo Campo Inferior, Panatao, Urbiztondo, and Taganito with their sitios namely: Cagdayanao, Cabugo, Jayanggabon, Pangabihon, Dinangdangan, Tinamulawan, Sicosico, Carubon, Agpot, Wanqui, Cambalilig, Lapinigan, Osok, Pamuyanon, Doyong, Bacuyod, Ladgaron, Tayaga, Tayahong, Bocbocan, Pangi, Daywan, Tabwan, Tayawod, Doyao-doyao, Maaslon, Canmintay, Boyognon, Baybay, Cayangag, Maibay, Pulahan, Walog, Pungtod and Sodlon.
The inauguration of the new municipality would have been on January 1, 1956, but because of the eagerness for the independence of Claver, the municipal officials of Gigaquit together with the people of Claver, the inauguration was made earlier by Provincial Governor Hon. Fernando Silvosa on December 5, 1955. The appointed officials were: Hon. Felicisimo E. Paqueo - Municipal Mayor, Hon. Regulo D. Revelo - Municipal Vice Mayor, Hon. Enrique Manlimos, Hon. Trepodes G. Samontina and Nestor Verano as Municipal Councilors.
|Population census of Claver|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Claver is primarily a mining town with iron deposits on its mountains. Mining, trading, farming and fishing are the main sources of livelihood among residents.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Province of Surigao Del Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
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