Claverdon

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Claverdon
Claverdon.jpg
Claverdon is located in Warwickshire
Claverdon
Claverdon
 Claverdon shown within Warwickshire
Population 1,191 (parish, including Yarningale Common and Langley) (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP1965
Civil parish Claverdon
District Stratford-upon-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CV35
Dialling code 01926
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Stratford-on-Avon
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Coordinates: 52°17′24″N 1°28′30″W / 52.290°N 1.475°W / 52.290; -1.475

Claverdon is a village and civil parish in the Stratford district of Warwickshire, England, about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of the county town of Warwick.

Claverdon's toponym comes from the Old English for "clover hill".[2] The hill is near the centre of the scattered parish[3] which includes the township of Langley to the south, and formerly comprised the manors of Claverdon, Langley, Kington (to the south-west), and Songar (in the south-east). There are hamlets near the church and at Yarningale, Kington, Lye Green, and Gannaway and there is also a group of houses near the school.[4] It has modern development along with interesting older buildings: the forge; The Stone Building; St Michael's Church; and 16th and 17th century half-timbered cottages.[3]

History[edit]

The Manor of Claverdon is recorded in the Domesday Book as part of the lands of the Count of Meulan, Robert of Beaumont who had inherited Meulan through his mother. It states; "In Ferncombe Hundred, (Clavendone) Claverdon, Bovi held it; he was a free man. 3 hides. Land for 5 ploughs. In lordship 1. 12 villages with a priest and 14 smallholders have 5 ploughs. 3 slaves. Meadow, 16 acres; woodland, 1 league; when expoited, value 10s. The value was 40s; now £4." The estate passed to the Earls of Warwick when Robert's brother, Henry, keeper of Warwick Castle since 1068, was created Earl of Warwick soon after 1086 and was granted Robert's Warwickshire lands, shortly after supplemented again by those of Thorkell of Arden.[5]

It was forfeited in 1397 by Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, for treason and granted, to Thomas, Earl of Kent, but restored to the Earl on the accession of Henry IV. In 1487 it came to the Crown and passed through various hands, being leased in 1517 for 21years to Thomas Sherwyn, and its demesnes to Roger Walford,[4][6] In, December 1547, the lordship was granted to John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, after whose execution the manor, in June 1554, was assigned to his widow Joan for life. Ambrose Dudley, fourth son of the Duke of Northumberland, was created Earl of Warwick in 1561 and received the Warwick estates, including the manor of Claverdon, which he sold in 1568 to Sir John Spencer, a member of a branch of the Spencer family, from whom Diana Princess of Wales was descended.[7] They remained Lords of the Manor until 1716.

Sir John died 8 November 1586, having settled the manor on his second son Thomas, who died in 1630 and Claverdon passed, to his greatnephew Sir William Spencer of Yarnton,Oxfordshire, Baronet. Sir William in 1635 married Constance daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote, and dying in 1647 was succeeded by his son Sir Thomas Spencer, Baronet, M.P. Sir Thomas died on 6 Mar. 1685 at the age of 46 years without surviving male issue, his widow Jane survived till 20 April 1712 as lady of the manor, but after her death the manor was sold about the year 1716 by the four surviving daughters, to Andrew Archer of Tanworth. Upon the death of Andrew Archer in 1741 the larger portion of his estate including the manor of Claverdon and the chief farms therein known as Park, Lodge, Breach, Gannaway, and the Reddings descended to his eldest son Thomas, created first Baron Archer of Umberslade in 1747.[4]

Economy[edit]

Whilst there is no large employers in the area, most residents commuting to larger towns nearby, there are a number of small businesses in the area. Claverdon Cartridges, supplying shooting equipment and clothing[8] and the 4 star Ardencote Manor Hotel Country Club & Spa providing Hotel Accommodation and fine dining together with facilities for Conferences, Weddings & Civil Ceremonies, and having a Leisure Club & Premier Spa.[9]

The village shop was closed in 2007 and the butcher's shop, which also houses the Post Office, broadened its range of items, however it could not offer newspapers. Eventually, after a long wait, the community shop was created replacing the village shop but not housed in the former premises. It was originally housed in a steel hut next to the Dorothea Mitchell Hall, the Surgery and the Tennis Club. A permanent structure has now been built for it in the same place, adjoining the Dorothea Mitchell Hall.

Governance[edit]

Claverdon is part of Stratford on Avon District Council and represented by Councillor John Horner, Conservative [4]. Nationally it is part of Stratford-on-Avon (UK Parliament constituency), whose current Member of Parliament is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party. It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament and the six members are; Mike Nattrass (UK Independence), Liz Lynne,(Liberal Democrat), Malcolm Harbour (Conservative), Michael Cashman (Labour), Philip Bradbourn OBE (Conservative) and Nicole Sinclaire (UK Independence).

Geography[edit]

The village lies chiefly at a height of about 400 ft. above sea-level, the soil being Red Keuper Marl overlaid with pockets of clay, gravel, and sand. With the exception of Yarningale Common, the whole parish is now under cultivation.[4]

Notable buildings[edit]

St Michael and All Angels, Claverdon, Warwickshire
Stone Building
Claverdon Hall

The reference to a priest in the Domesday Book may indicate that the village had a church at that time. However, Claverdon has had a parish church of Saint Michael and All Angels since the 1150s[4] with the oldest parts of the present structure dating from the 14th century.[4][10] The Perpendicular Gothic[10] bell tower is 15th century and was restored in either 1830[10] or 1930.[4] The church was rebuilt in 1877-78 to designs by the Gothic Revival architect Ewan Christian.[10]

The tower has a ring of six bells. Three including the treble were cast by Lester and Pack of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in east London in 1757, two including the tenor were cast by John Warner and Sons of Cripplegate in London in 1892, and one was cast by John Taylor & Co of Loughborough in 1914.[11]

The vicar at the time of the Puritan Survei of the Ministrie in Warwickshire of 1586 was described thus Edward Miller, vicar a dumbe & vnlearned hireling a verie disordered person. A common Jester & alehouse-haunter, a shifter, a buier & seller of lande. He once laied the communion cup to pawne. He serueth at two cures cursorie, videlicet, at Norton & Claredon. The valew of both is knowen to be well worth xxv" by the yeare. What other composition is betweene mr Bucke and him who placed him there that is vnknowen.[12] Edward Miller was instituted to the vicarage on 29 July 1574 and was vicar until his resignation in 1586.[13]

Stone Building, 3/4 mile north east of the village, is probably of the 17th century and of a type very rare in the Midlands being a tower house in the North English sense, not fortified but defensible within bounds.[10] It is said to have been the north-western of the four angle-towers of the great house begun by Thomas Spencer, who died in 1630 and whose monument stands in the church. There are no traces whatever of the remainder of any great house above ground, nor are there any indications where this tower joined up with the ranges of the house.[4]


Claverdon Hall is a Grade II listed[14] part half-timbered country house. Pevsner makes no reference to the Hall[10] which may be a 17th-century house, perhaps earlier, but which was restored in the 20th century and much altered, its walls are rough-cast and the roof tiled.[4]

A Claverdon Hall is recorded in 1485,[citation needed] though it is possible that its origins were even older than that, having roots which go all the way back to Saxon times, pre-Conquest,[citation needed] the earliest fabric of the existing hall would be 400 years or so later.[citation needed]

The hall is noted for the fine oak panelling, of 17th century date and added in 1939 to the reception hall, dining room and the deep oak framed leaded light windows.[4] The large panelled oak door in the Hall opens into an under stairs store, reputed to be a former priest's hole during the Reformation period and from which, many years ago, it is said there was an underground passage which may have led to Stone Building in Manor Lane.[citation needed]

The list of important family names associated with the manor are described in the section under history most notably a branch of the Spencers of Althorpe Northamptonshire[6]from whom Diana Princess of Wales was descended.

Community facilities[edit]

The village has its own general medical practice Claverdon-Surgery located on Station Road.

Transport[edit]

The village is served by Claverdon railway station with trains operated by Chiltern Railways and London Midland giving access to Stratford on Avon, Leamington Spa, Birmingham and London. The M40 motorway is located nearby giving access to Birmingham, Warwick and London. Birmingham International Airport is situated 16 miles (26 km) to the North, with flights to Europe, Asia and America.

Education[edit]

Claverdon Primary School is an English mixed primary school located in Breach Lane in the village of Claverdon. It is within the Warwickshire Local Education Authority (LEA) area and has 187 students. The school's house system is named after the surrounding areas (Kington, Gannaway and Yarningale).[15]

School Compulsory education stage School website Ofsted details
Claverdon Primary School Primary Claverdon Primary School Ofsted details for unique reference number 125507

Sports and leisure[edit]

There are two public houses, The Crown on Henley Street and the Red Lion on Station Road, ¼ mile west of the church. It may be one of the oldest buildings in the village, it has some closeset studding of the 16th century and a wide fireplace with a moulded lintel. The roof is tiled.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Claverdon CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Place Names in the Landscape, Margaret Gelling, 1984 ISBN 0-460-04380-3
  3. ^ a b Stratford-on-Avon District Council: Claverdon
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k From: 'Parishes: Claverdon', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp. 69-73. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=56984 Date accessed: 24 December 2010.
  5. ^ Domesday Book for Warwickshire, Phillimore edited by John Morris ISBN 0-85033-141-2
  6. ^ a b William Dugdale, The Antiquities of Warwickshire, 1656
  7. ^ John Earle: claverdon/langley/lye green/yarningale common
  8. ^ [1] Claverdon Cartridges
  9. ^ [2] Ardencote Manor Hotel
  10. ^ a b c d e f Pevsner & Wedgwood, 1966, page 233
  11. ^ "Place: Claverdon: S Michael & All Angels". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  12. ^ Survei of the Ministrie in Warwickshier 1586
  13. ^ Publications of the Dugdale Society
  14. ^ [3] Grade II listing description
  15. ^ http://www.claverdon.warwickshire.sch.uk/Pupils/House-System/

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]