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The Clavinova is a long-running line of digital pianos created by the Yamaha Corporation. They are similar in styling to an acoustic piano, but with many features common to other digital pianos such as the ability to save and load songs, the availability of different voices, and, in more recent models, the ability to be connected to a computer via USB or wireless network.
Some Clavinovas (CLP and CVP-Series) feature "graded hammer" technology, a mechanical system of small metal hammers, weighted to be similar to those of a real pianoforte, which hit a digital pressure sensor that then translates into sound. This technology has contributed to the success of the Clavinova as a more affordable substitute for an acoustic piano. The 'Graded' action is intended to reproduce more accurately the varying weights of the hammers of an acoustic piano where the hammers vary in weight from the bass section to the treble. Higher-end models, such as the CVP-407, incorporate real wood keys for added realism.
The built-in synthesizer produces the sound. Early Clavinova models used FM Synthesis. Later models use samples of real instruments which are then selected and modified by the electronics to produce the desired sound. Information comes in a MIDI or similar format either directly from the piano keyboard or from a stored source (from within the piano or via a computer or external sequencer). The synthesizer can imitate a large array of acoustic instruments, electronic instruments and other sound effects. Recent models of CVP Clavinova have hundreds of such voices. These usually include many types of pianos and organs, string, percussion, brass and woodwind instruments, as well as modern and vintage synthesizer sounds, sampled effects etc. The more recent CVP models also feature many accompaniment styles, ranging from traditional dance and classical orchestration, through to more modern club, pop, rock, big band and jazz styles.
The latest currently available models of the Clavinova CLP series are the CLP-4XX range while the latest Clavinova CVP series models are the CVP-60X.
The various graded or progressively weight keys are
- Graded Hammer Standard (GHS)
- Graded Hammer (GH or sometimes GHE), somewhat heavier than GHS. GH is also closer to the weight of real piano keys.
- Graded Hammer Three (GH3), like GH, but GH3 also swings back faster, like high quality piano keys. GH3 allows the player to feel the weight of the key when depressed a second time, even when the player has not completely released the key after the first push of the key.
Keyboard "feel" feature matrix for current models
From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.
|Model||Graded Hammer (Non GH3)||Graded Hammer Three (GH3)||Natural Wood Keyboard||Synthetic Ivory Keytops|
Sound quality and effects feature matrix for current models
From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.
|Model||CF Sampling||AWM Sampling||Half-damper effect||Key-Off Samples||Stereo Sustain Samples||String Resonance||iAFC Effects||Tri-Amped|
=== CVP and CGP models ===
- 1985: CVP-3, CVP-5, CVP-7
- 1987: CVP-10, CVP-6, CVP-8, CVP-10, CVP-100MA, CVP-100PE
- 1989: CVP-30, CVP-50, CVP-70
- 1991: CVP-55, CVP-65, CVP-35, CVP-45, CVP-75
- 1993: CVP-83, CVP-85, CVP-87
- 1995: CVP-59, CVP-69, CVP-79
- 1997: CVP-92, CVP-94, CVP-96, CVP-98, CVP-555
- 1998: CVP-600
- 1999: CVP-103, CVP-105, CVP-107, CVP-109
- 2000: CVP-700
- 2001: CVP-201, CVP-203, CVP-205, CVP-207, CVP-209
- 2002: CVP-900
- 2003: CVP-202, CVP-204, CVP-206, CVP-208, CVP-210
- 2004: CVP-303, CVP-309
- 2006: CGP-1000
- 2008: CVP-400 Series
- 2009: CVP-501, CVP-503, CVP-505, CVP-509
- 2013: CVP-601, CVP-605, CVP-609
- 1983: YP-40 first Clavinova
- 1985: CLP-20, CLP-30
- 1986: CLP-40, CLP-45, CLP-50, CLP-55, CLP-200, CLP-300
- 1987: CLP-100, CLP-100MA, CLP-100PE, CLP-500
- 1988: CLP-250, CLP-350, CLP-550, CLP-650
- 1989: CLP-570, CLP-650W, CLP-670
- 1990: CLP-260, CLP-360, CLP-560, CLP-760
- 1992: CLP-121, CLP-122, CLP-123, CLP-124
- 1994: CLP-152S, CLP-153S, CLP-153SG, CLP-154S, CLP-155, CLP-157
- 1996: CLP-311, CLP-411, CLP-511, CLP-611, CLP-811, CLP-911
- 1997: CLP-555
- 1998: CLP-810, CLP-820, CLP-840, CLP-860, CLP-880
- 2000: CLP-920, CLP-930, CLP-950, CLP-955, CLP-970, CLP-970A
- 2001: CLP-910, CLP-990
- 2002: CLP-110, CLP-120, CLP-130, CLP-150, CLP-170
- 2003: CLP-115
- 2005: CLP-F01
- 2006: CLP-220, CLP-230, CLP-240, CLP-265GP, CLP-295GP
- 2008: CLP 3xx Series (320, 330, 340, 370, 380, S-306, S-308)
- 2011: CLP 4xx Series (430, 440, 465GP, 470, 480, S-406, S-408)
The CLP-100 was built in 1987 by Yamaha's premier engineer Yoshi Pi, two months before his death. It was later made famous by Stevie Wonder, who bought the remaining 12 pianos before they were discontinued.
- "Yamaha FAQ". Retrieved 14 July 2012.