Clay County, Georgia
|Clay County, Georgia|
Clay County Courthouse in Fort Gaines, Georgia
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Fort Gaines|
|• Total||216.99 sq mi (562 km2)|
|• Land||195.21 sq mi (506 km2)|
|• Water||21.79 sq mi (56 km2), 10.04%|
|• Density||17/sq mi (7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
This area was historically occupied by the Creek Indians until Indian Removal in the 1830s. European Americans pushed them out and developed the land for cotton, bringing in thousands of African slaves to work the land.
The County is named in honor of Henry Clay, famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Part of what became the Black Belt of Georgia, prior to the American Civil War the county's chief commodity crop was cotton, cultivated and processed by farmers and African-American slaves. After the war, the economy continued to be agricultural, but timber was also harvested.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 216.99 square miles (562.0 km2), of which 195.21 square miles (505.6 km2) (or 89.96%) is land and 21.79 square miles (56.4 km2) (or 10.04%) is water.
- Quitman County, Georgia - north
- Randolph County, Georgia - northeast
- Calhoun County, Georgia - east
- Early County, Georgia - south
- Henry County, Alabama - west
- Barbour County, Alabama - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,357 people, 1,347 households, and 928 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 1,925 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.47% Black or African American, 38.43% White, 0.12% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,347 households out of which 25.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.70% were married couples living together, 23.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 21.00% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 83.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $21,448, and the median income for a family was $27,837. Males had a median income of $26,557 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,819. About 28.10% of families and 31.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.40% of those under age 18 and 23.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Cotton Hill
- Days Crossroads
- Harrisons Mill
- Jones Crossing
- Moores Crossroads
- Ricks Place
- Suttons Corner
- Watson Crossroads
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Barbour County, Alabama||Quitman County||Randolph County|
|Henry County, Alabama||Calhoun County|