Clay County, Kentucky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Clay, Kentucky.
Clay County, Kentucky
Clay County Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Clay County courthouse in Manchester, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1807
Named for Green Clay
Seat Manchester
Largest city Manchester
Area
 • Total 471.08 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Land 471.01 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0 km2), 0.01%
Population
 • (2010) 21,730
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.claycounty.ky.gov

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,730.[1] Its county seat is Manchester.[2] The county was formed in 1807 and named in honor of Green Clay (1757–1826).[3] Clay was a member of the Virginia and Kentucky State legislatures, first cousin once removed of Henry Clay, U.S. Senator from Kentucky and Secretary of State in the 19th century.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 471.08 square miles (1,220.1 km2), of which 471.01 square miles (1,219.9 km2) (or 99.99%) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) (or 0.01%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Clay County was established in 1807 from land given by Floyd, Knox and Madison counties. The courthouse burned in January 1936.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,398
1820 4,393 83.2%
1830 3,548 −19.2%
1840 4,607 29.8%
1850 5,421 17.7%
1860 6,652 22.7%
1870 8,297 24.7%
1880 10,222 23.2%
1890 12,447 21.8%
1900 15,364 23.4%
1910 17,789 15.8%
1920 19,795 11.3%
1930 18,526 −6.4%
1940 23,901 29.0%
1950 23,116 −3.3%
1960 20,748 −10.2%
1970 18,481 −10.9%
1980 22,752 23.1%
1990 21,746 −4.4%
2000 24,556 12.9%
2010 21,730 −11.5%
Est. 2012 21,556 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 21,730 people, 8,556 households, and 6,442 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 9,439 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.92% White, 4.80% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.36% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 8,556 households out of which 36.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.

The age distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 32.60% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 111.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $16,271, and the median income for a family was $18,925. Males had a median income of $24,164 versus $17,816 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,716. About 35.40% of families and 39.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.60% of those under age 18 and 31.30% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income and median household income make it one of the poorest counties in the United States. Among counties whose population contains a non-Hispanic white majority, it is the poorest by per-capita income and second to another county in the same Kentucky region, Owsley County, by median household income.

Elections[edit]

The county has been solidly Republican for decades.[9] In the last 16 years the only Republican to receive less than 60% was Bob Dole, who still won the county by nearly 25%. In 2008 John McCain received 77.5% of the vote.[10]

Health[edit]

In July 2010 the Washington Post named Clay County the unhealthiest county in Kentucky, and one of the unhealthiest in the nation, The county has a high obesity rate. Clay County also featured prominently in a June 2014 NY Times article about the difficulty of living in poverty in Eastern Kentucky, ranking last in their overall ratings for counties in the United States.[11]

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 59. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 218. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "David Leip Presidential Atlas (Election maps for Kentucky)". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2012-09-03. 
  10. ^ "The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Kentucky)". Elections.nytimes.com. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2012-09-03. 
  11. ^ Lowrey, Annie (2014-06-29). "What's the Matter With Eastern Kentucky?". NYtimes.com. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°10′N 83°43′W / 37.16°N 83.71°W / 37.16; -83.71