Clear Fork (Big South Fork Cumberland River)

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Clear Fork
Clear Fork.jpg
An upstream view from the old Burnt Mill Bridge.
Origin Fentress County, Tennessee [1]
Mouth Big South Fork of the Cumberland River in Scott County
Basin countries US
Length 27.2-mile-long (43.8 km)
Mouth elevation 1,004 ft (306 m) [2]

The Clear Fork (also known as the Clear Fork River or Clear Fork Creek[1]) is a 27.2-mile-long (43.8 km)[3] stream draining part of the Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee. It is a tributary of the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River. By that river, the Cumberland River, and the Ohio River, it is part of the Mississippi River watershed.

The Clear Fork rises on the Cumberland Plateau in southern Fentress County, Tennessee. It is composed of two major components, the North Prong and the South Prong, and numerous smaller tributaries. The North Prong drains an area adjacent to and east of U.S. Highway 127. The South Prong is slightly further east; it and its tributaries form an important portion of the border between Fentress County and Morgan County.

The former English settlement of Rugby, Tennessee, promoted in the late 19th century as a settlement for the "second sons" of English nobility who did not receive hereditary peerages, is located on the Plateau above the Clear Fork valley; swimming in its pools provided the "Rugby Colony" with an important recreational diversion. The stream crosses into Scott County through an oil field developed by the petroleum industry and reaches its confluence with the New River. From this point the combined stream is known as the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River; the upper reaches of the stream are the focal point of a National Recreation Area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clear Fork
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Oneida South quadrangle, Tennessee. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1988.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 8, 2011