Clearwater County, Idaho
|Clearwater County, Idaho|
Location in the state of Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 27, 1911|
|Named for||Clearwater River|
|• Total||2,488.10 sq mi (6,444 km2)|
|• Land||2,461.40 sq mi (6,375 km2)|
|• Water||26.70 sq mi (69 km2), 1.07%|
|• Density||3.6/sq mi (1.5/km²)|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Clearwater County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. Established in 1911, the county was named after the Clearwater River. The population was 8,761 at the 2010 census, down from 8,960 in 2000. The county seat is Orofino.
The county is home to North Fork of the Clearwater River, and a small portion of the South Fork and the main Clearwater. Also in the county are the Dworshak Reservoir, Dworshak State Park, Dworshak National Fish Hatchery, and the Dworshak Dam, third highest dam in the U.S. The modest Bald Mountain ski area is located between Orofino and Pierce.
The Clearwater River and Lolo Pass, in the southeast corner of the county, were made famous by the exploration of Lewis and Clark in the early 19th century. Following an arduous trek through the Bitterroot Mountains, suffering through a mid-September snowstorm and near starvation, the Corps of Discovery expedition camped with the Nez Perce tribe on the Weippe Prairie outside of present-day Weippe in 1805. With the assistance of the Nez Perce, the expedition recuperated and constructed burned-out canoes at Canoe Camp in October 1805 and then paddled down the Clearwater, Snake, and Columbia rivers and met the Pacific Ocean a month later at present-day Astoria, Oregon.
Until 1904, Clearwater County was part of Shoshone County to the north. It was annexed by Nez Perce County for several years and then was established as a new county in 1911. The original county seat of Shoshone County was Pierce, in today's Clearwater County. It was the first gold rush area of present-day Idaho (then Washington Territory) in 1860 and was made the county seat of a vast Shoshone County in 1861, two years prior to the establishment of the Idaho Territory. When the Silver Valley population rose dramatically in the 1880s, the seat was moved to Murray in 1884 (and to Wallace in 1898) to better serve the majority of the county's population. The population of the southern area increased with homesteading in the Weippe area in the late 1890s. The vast distance and time required for travel to Wallace from the Clearwater River area prompted the move of the southern portion to Nez Perce County.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,488.10 square miles (6,444.1 km2), of which 2,461.40 square miles (6,375.0 km2) (or 98.93%) is land and 26.70 square miles (69.2 km2) (or 1.07%) is water. It is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling prairie-like region of the middle Columbia basin.
- Shoshone County, Idaho - (north)
- Latah County, Idaho - (west 1)
- Nez Perce County, Idaho - (west 2)
- Lewis County, Idaho - (southwest)
- Idaho County, Idaho - (south)
- Missoula County, Montana - (east)
- Mineral County, Montana - (east)
Cities and towns
|Elk River||125||2,854 ft (870 m)|
|Orofino||3,142||1,030 ft (314 m)|
|Pierce||508||3,094 ft (943 m)|
|Weippe||411||3,015 ft (919 m)|
National protected areas
- Clearwater National Forest (part)
- Nez Perce National Historical Park (part)
- St. Joe National Forest (part)
Government and infrastructure
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,930 people, 3,456 households, and 2,481 families residing in the county. The population density was 3.6 people per square mile (1.5/km²). There were 4,144 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.82% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 2.03% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 1.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 14.0% English, 11.7% Irish and 10.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 3,456 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 29.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 113.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,071, and the median income for a family was $37,259. Males had a median income of $31,426 versus $21,694 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,463. About 9.70% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
- United States Census Bureau - State and County Quick Facts - Clearwater County, Idaho. Retrieved on 07 December 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- clearwatercounty.org - about us - history - accessed 2011-12-11
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Locations." Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved on June 4, 2011. "Idaho Correctional Institution-Orofino (ICIO) 381 West Hospital Drive Orofino ID 83544 "
- "Orofino city, Idaho." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 4, 2011.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Official website
- State of Idaho - Clearwater County
- Clearwater Museum - official site
- Idaho History.net - Pierce
- Idaho Mining.org - history
|Latah County and Nez Perce County||Missoula County, Montana and Mineral County, Montana|
|Lewis County||Idaho County|