Cleasby

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For people named Cleasby, see Cleasby (surname).

Coordinates: 54°30′43″N 1°36′53″W / 54.51184°N 1.61486°W / 54.51184; -1.61486

Cleasby
Cleasby Village Green - geograph.org.uk - 1402243.jpg
Cleasby Village Green
Cleasby is located in North Yorkshire
Cleasby
Cleasby
 Cleasby shown within North Yorkshire
Population 208 
OS grid reference NZ250130
    - London 215 mi (346 km)  S
District Richmondshire
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DARLINGTON
Postcode district DL2
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Richmond
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Cleasby is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is close to the River Tees and Darlington and the A1(M).

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday book as "Clesbi". The manor had been the possession of a local named Thor, but passed to Enisant Mussard after the Norman invasion.[1] The mesne lordship passed to the lords of Constable Burton from Enisant which eventually ended in the hands of the Scrope family. Enisant continued to hold a demesne lordship here which passed to Harsculph an ancestor of the Cleasby family. By the early fourteenth century the direct line of inheritance had ended and the manor passed to the Fitz Hugh family of Ravensworth who held it until the middle of the sixteenth century when it passed to the Crown. In 1602 the manor was granted to Peter Bradwell and Robert Parker. From thereon it passed via the Countess of Shrewsbury to the Duke of Devonshire. By the mid-nineteenth century it had passed into the hands of John Church Backhouse.[2][3]

The origin of the name of the village is uncertain. Most sources claim it to be the combination of a personal name, Kleiss and the Old Norse -by for farm, giving Kleiss' farm.[4][5]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Richmondshire North electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Barton ward of Richmondshire District Council. [6]

Geography[edit]

Flooded gravel quarry near Cleasby
St Peter's Church, Cleasby with Stapleton

The village lies in a bend in the River Tees just 0.4 miles (0.64 km) away. It is also 0.2 miles (0.32 km) from the A1(M) and 0.6 miles (0.97 km) from the A66(M). The nearest settlements are Stapleton 0.8 miles (1.3 km) to the south-east and Darlington 2.3 miles (3.7 km) to the north-east.[6] The geology of the area surrounding the village lies on a bed of limestone overlaid with loam, clay and gravel. The latter having been quarried nearby.

Demography[edit]

Population[7][8][9]
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 123 124 147 162 188 197 178 136 154 165 164 165 142 139 176 208

2001 census[edit]

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 47.1% male to 52.9% female. The religious constituency was made of 77.8% Christian, 1.7% Sikh and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 94.9% White British, 3.4% White Other/Irish, and 1.7% British Asian. There were 77 dwellings.[9]

2011 census[edit]

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 52.9% male to 47.1% female. The religious constituency was made of 76.9% Christian with the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 94.7% White British, 1.4% White Other/Irish, 2.4% Mixed Ethnic, 0.96% Black British and 0.48% British Asian. There were 87 dwellings.[8]

Religion[edit]

The Church of St Peter was built in 1828 and was originally undedicated to any particular Saint.[2][3] It is a Grade II listed building.[10]

Notable people[edit]

John Robinson (1650–1723), bishop of London and diplomatist was born and attended school there. He was the son of a cooper in the village. He was Ambassador to Sweden for twenty five years before becoming Lord Privy Seal and then first Plenipotentiary to the Congress of Utrecht.[2][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cleasby in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "History". Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 392–397. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 142. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  5. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 119. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  6. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  7. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Church Listed Status". English Heritage. 1968. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  11. ^ John B. Hattendorf, ‘Robinson, John (1650–1723)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, January 2008 accessed 2 May 2011

External links[edit]

Media related to Cleasby at Wikimedia Commons