Cleaves Wood

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Cleaves Wood
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Cleaveswood.jpg
Cleaves Wood is located in Somerset
Cleaves Wood
Shown within Somerset
Area of Search Avon
Grid reference ST758576
Coordinates 51°19′01″N 2°20′55″W / 51.31699°N 2.34863°W / 51.31699; -2.34863Coordinates: 51°19′01″N 2°20′55″W / 51.31699°N 2.34863°W / 51.31699; -2.34863
Interest Biological
Area 99.77 acres (0.4038 km2; 0.15589 sq mi)
Notification 1988 (1988)
Natural England website

Cleaves Wood (grid reference ST758576) is a 40.38 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) near the village of Wellow in Bath and North East Somerset, notified in 1988.

Cleaves Wood is an ancient, semi-natural deciduous woodland on Oolitic Limestone. It has a high diversity of tree and shrub species and a large population of the nationally scarce plant Spiked Star-of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum pyrenaicum). There are also areas of grassland which is lightly grazed by rabbits and is a mosaic of close grazed and rough swards, and wetter areas.[1]

The scarce plants found here include the Fly Orchid[2] and Wild Daffodil.[3]

The habitat diversity of the site has resulted in a rich invertebrate fauna, including two nationally rare insects: the beetle Osphya bipunctata and the hoverfly Cheilosia nigripes. Twenty-seven butterflies have been recorded from the site including the nationally scarce species, Duke of Burgundy Fritillary (Hamearis lucina). The nationally scarce moth, blomers rivulet (Discoloxia blomeri) has also been recorded on the site. Other nationally scarce species include the snail Ena montana, the hoverfly Xanthogramma citrotasciatum, and a number of beetle species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b English Nature citation sheet for the site . Retrieved 16 July 2006.
  2. ^ Myles, Sarah (2000) Flora of the Bristol Region ISBN 1-874357-18-8 page 252
  3. ^ Myles, Sarah (2000) Flora of the Bristol Region ISBN 1-874357-18-8 page 247