Cleburne County, Alabama

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Cleburne County, Alabama
Cleburne County Alabama Courthouse 2012.JPG
Cleburne County Courthouse in Heflin in 2012
Map of Alabama highlighting Cleburne County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 6, 1866
Named for Patrick Cleburne
Seat Heflin
Largest city Heflin
Area
 • Total 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Land 560 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), (0.2%)
Population
 • (2010) 14,972
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.cleburnecounty.us

Cleburne County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,972.[1] Its county seat is Heflin.[2] Its name is in honor of Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, of Arkansas.[3] This county is near the Georgia state line.

History[edit]

Cleburne County was established on December 6, 1866, by an act of the state legislature. The county was made from territory in Benton (now Calhoun), Randolph, and Talladega counties. In 1867, Edwardsville was made the county seat.[4] An election was held in 1905 to move the county seat to Heflin. The result of that election, which agreed to move the seat, was appealed to the Supreme Court, who decided on July 1, 1906, to uphold the election results. Heflin is still the county seat.[5]

Geography[edit]

Cleburne County Courthouse in March 1980.
Cheaha Mountain, Cleburne County
Shoal Creek Church is a historic church located in Cleburne County just north of Edwardsville, Alabama in Talladega National Forest. The church was built in 1895 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 4, 1974

.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 561 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6] It is the fourth-smallest county in Alabama by land area and second-largest by total area. Cleburne County is home to Alabama's highest natural point on Cheaha Mountain which is part of the southernmost mountain range in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 8,017
1880 10,976 36.9%
1890 13,218 20.4%
1900 13,206 −0.1%
1910 13,385 1.4%
1920 13,360 −0.2%
1930 12,877 −3.6%
1940 13,629 5.8%
1950 11,904 −12.7%
1960 10,911 −8.3%
1970 10,996 0.8%
1980 12,595 14.5%
1990 12,730 1.1%
2000 14,254 12.0%
2010 14,972 5.0%
Est. 2013 14,994 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,123 people, 5,590 households, and 4,125 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,189 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.74% White, 3.70% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,590 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,820, and the median income for a family was $35,579. Males had a median income of $29,752 versus $18,840 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,762. About 10.90% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Census-designated place (CDP)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 84. 
  4. ^ http://www.archives.state.al.us/counties/cleburne.html
  5. ^ http://www.cityofheflin.org/
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 33°40′38″N 85°30′09″W / 33.67722°N 85.50250°W / 33.67722; -85.50250