Cleeve Common

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Cleeve Common
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Cotswolds Cleeve Common.jpg
Cleeve Common panorama
Cleeve Common is located in Gloucestershire
Cleeve Common
Shown within Gloucestershire
Area of Search Gloucestershire
Grid reference SO990260
Coordinates 51°55′59″N 2°00′55″W / 51.93296°N 2.015225°W / 51.93296; -2.015225Coordinates: 51°55′59″N 2°00′55″W / 51.93296°N 2.015225°W / 51.93296; -2.015225
Interest Biological/Geological
Area 455 hectare
Notification 1974
Natural England website

Cleeve Common (grid reference SO990260) is a 455-hectare (1,120-acre) biological and geological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Gloucestershire, notified in 1974.[1][2]

It lies in the Cotswold Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is on Cleeve Hill. There is a golf course on the site and part of the site is registered as a Common. The site is on Jurassic limestones on the top of the Cotswold scarp. It is north-east of Cheltenham. It is a large site and is important for its biology and geology.[1]

Biological interest[edit]

There are several types of grassland within the site and their origination is dependent upon aspect, soil, grazing intensity and how areas of the Common have been managed. The site supports several species of rare orchid such as the Bee Orchid, the Frog Orchid and the Musk Orchid. Spoil and scree from disused quarries provide conditions for plants which grow in more open habitats.[1]

The site supports a wide range of invertebrates. These include butterflies such as the Dark Green Fritillary, Grayling and Marsh Fritillary. The rare snail Abide secale is recorded.[1]

Geological interest[edit]

The Bouguetia and phillipsiana beds of the upper Middle Inferior Oolite are confined to a very limited outcrop on Cleeve Common. These units, which have distinctive fossil faunas of bivalves, gastropods and brachiopods, are only visible at Rolling Bank Quarry. These outcrops are thus unique and are considered the only examples of part of the Middle Jurassic, Bajocian, time interval in Britain. The Inferior Oolite hill top of Postlip Warren shows the best example of ridge and trough features.[1]

Pot Quarry and Rolling Bank Quarry are listed in the ‘Tewkesbury Borough Local Plan to 2011’, adopted March 2006, Appendix 3 'Nature Conservation', as a Regionally Important Geological Site (RIGS).[3] The Cleeve Cloud Fault Section is also so designated.

References[edit]

SSSI Source[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Cleeve Common at Wikimedia Commons