Clemenceau, Cottonwood

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Clemenceau, Arizona
The Bank of Clemenceau, founded 1918. The bank building is preserved on the grounds of the Clemenceau Heritage Museum.
The Bank of Clemenceau, founded 1918. The bank building is preserved on the grounds of the Clemenceau Heritage Museum.
Clemenceau, Arizona is located in Arizona
Clemenceau, Arizona
Clemenceau, Arizona
Coordinates: 34°43′55″N 112°01′36″W / 34.73194°N 112.02667°W / 34.73194; -112.02667Coordinates: 34°43′55″N 112°01′36″W / 34.73194°N 112.02667°W / 34.73194; -112.02667
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yavapai
Elevation[1] 3,471 ft (1,058 m)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)

Clemenceau is a neighborhood of the city of Cottonwood in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. It was built as a company town in 1917 to serve the new smelter for James Douglas, Jr.'s United Verde Extension Mine (UVX) in Jerome.[2] The town was originally named Verde after the mine, but it was changed to Clemenceau in 1920 in honor of the French premier in World War I, Georges Clemenceau, a personal friend of Douglas. Clemenceau would later leave a vase designed by the French potter Ernest Chaplet to the town in return.[1]

The smelter town had homes for workers, a school, post office, bank, and a clubhouse, and its population varied between 1,000 and 5,000. To deliver ore to the smelter from Jerome, Douglas built the Arizona-Extension Railway, a two-branch shortline railroad. The western branch ran between Clemenceau and the eastern portal of the 2.5-mile (4.0 km) Josephine Tunnel, which connected to the UVX Mine. The eastern branch ran between Clemenceau and Clarkdale.[2]

The Clemenceau smelter closed in 1937. Most residents then left the area. When Cottonwood was incorporated in 1960, Clemenceau and the Clemenceau Airport were included in its boundaries.[3]

With the exception of the school, the bank/post office and the smelter slag pile, little remains of the original town of Clemenceau. A largely invisible remnant is the Clemenceau Water Company, which still serves the area of the old town of Clemenceau. The town of Cottonwood bought the company in 2004, but it still operates as a separate entity, as of 2006.

Clemenceau Heritage Museum[edit]

The Clemenceau Heritage Museum occupies most of the old Clemenceau School, which operated from 1924 through 1986.[4] The 1918 Clemenceau Bank and Post Office building is also part of the museum.[3] The museum has displays on mining, ranching, and farming in the Verde Valley, and preserves archives and artifacts from the area.[5] An elaborate working model-railroad display depicts the nine railroads that once operated in the region.[6]

Douglas and Clemenceau[edit]

James Douglas, Jr., bought an apartment in Paris for his friend, Georges Clemenceau, in 1926, for his retirement home. This building later became the Musée Clemenceau.[7]

Notable residents and visitors[edit]

Jack Frye's personal airplane, a TWA Lockheed Model 10 Electra with tail number NC18137, was frequently based at the Clemenceau Airport.[8] Frye had a vacation ranch near Sedona, now Red Rock State Park.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Clemenceau". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. June 27, 1984. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Wahmann, Russell (1999). Verde Valley Railroads: Trestles, Tunnels & Tracks. Jerome, Arizona: Jerome Historical Society. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-9621000-4-8. 
  3. ^ a b "History". Verde Historical Society. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Clemenceau Heritage Museum". Verde Historical Society. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Exhibits". Verde Historical Society. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ "All Aboard". Verde Historical Society. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Museum History". Musée Clemenceau. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  8. ^ "TWA's Flight Research Laboratory at Clemenceau". Arizona State Library. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 

External links[edit]