Clemens von Delbrück

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Clemens von Delbrück
Delbrück, Clemens von (1856-1921).jpg
Vice-Chancellor of Germany
In office
14 July 1908 – 22 May 1916
Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
Preceded by Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
Succeeded by Karl Helfferich
Secretary of the Interior of the German Empire
In office
14 July 1908 – 22 May 1916
Preceded by Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
Succeeded by Karl Helfferich
Mayor of Danzig
In office
1896–1902
Preceded by Karl Adolf Baumbach
Succeeded by Heinrich Otto Ehlers
Personal details
Born (1856-01-19)19 January 1856
Died 17 December 1921(1921-12-17) (aged 65)
Political party None (until 1918), DNVP (1918-1921).

Clemens Ernst Gottlieb (von) Delbrück (19 January 1856, Halle an der Saale - 17 December 1921, Jena) was a German conservative politician. He was ennobled in 1916.

Biography[edit]

He was born into a common family, and attended high school in Halle between 1873 and 1877.[1] He studied theology at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and law at the University of Berlin. In 1882, having passed the staatsexamen, he gained a government post in Kwidzyn. He was promoted to the office of district administrator of Tuchel in 1885 and became President of the city council of Danzig in 1891. From 1896 to 1902, he was mayor of Danzig and sat in the Prussian House of Lords. He was Oberpräsident of West Prussia from 1902 to 1905.

In 1909, von Delbrück joined the national government as Secretary of the Interior and Vice-Chancellor.[1] In these positions he was distinguished by his strong opposition to the parliamentary system of the Reichstag but also his role in modernizing the German government. He was also vice-president of Prussia from 1914 to 1916. In 1912, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Berlin. During the First World War, the increasing conflict between the Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg and leading figures in the German military, especially Paul Hindenburg led to his replacement with Karl Helfferich. On his dismissal, he was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle and was given a letter assigning to him the status of hereditary nobleman.[2] In 1918, he was briefly a member of the Geheimes Zivilkabinett before its dissolution at the end of the German Empire.

Von Delbrück remained politically active after the war, and was a founding member of the German National People's Party. He was a member of the Weimar National Assembly from 1919 to 1920, and of the Reichstag from 1920 until his death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gerhard A. Ritter (1957), "Delbrück, Clemens von", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) 3: 575–576 
  2. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Adelige Häuser, p. 75, Volume 95, C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1989, ISSN 0435-2408.
Political offices
Preceded by
Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
Vice Chancellor of Germany
1909-1916
Succeeded by
Karl Helfferich