Clement Comer Clay
|Clement Comer Clay|
|8th Governor of Alabama|
|Preceded by||John Gayle|
|Succeeded by||Hugh McVay|
December 17, 1789|
Halifax County, Virginia
|Died||September 7, 1866
|Spouse(s)||Susanna Claiborne Withers (1798–1866) (her death)|
|Alma mater||East Tennessee University|
|Profession||Politician,Governor of Alabama|
Clay was born in Halifax County, Virginia. His father, William Clay, was an officer in the American Revolutionary War, who moved to Grainger County, Tennessee. Clay attended the local schools and graduated from East Tennessee College in 1807. He was admitted to the bar in 1809 and moved to Huntsville, Alabama, where he began a law practice in 1811.
Alabama House of Representatives
Clay served in the Alabama Territorial Legislature 1817-1818. He was a state court judge and served in the Alabama House of Representatives. Prior to being governor of Alabama he had served in the U.S. House of Representatives from March 4, 1829 until March 3, 1835.
Governor of Alabama
In 1835 Clay was elected Governor. Clay's term as governor ended early when he was appointed to the United States Senate.
Spring Hill College
In 1836, Governor Clay signed a legislative act which chartered the third oldest Jesuit college in the United States, Spring Hill College in Mobile, Alabama, and gave it "full power to grant or confer such degree or degrees in the arts and sciences, or in any art or science as are usually granted or conferred by other seminaries of learning in the United States."
Creek War of 1836
Clay’s term in office was dominated by the Creek War of 1836. During Clay’s administration, the United States Army removed the Creek Indians from Southeastern Alabama under the terms of the 1832 Treaty of Cusseta. The Creek Indians were relocated to the west of the Mississippi. Confrontations between Indians and white settlers occurred.
Panic of 1837
During the Panic of 1837, the United States experienced a financial crisis brought on by speculative fever. This crisis caused a run on the Bank of the State of Alabama. Clay ordered the bank to provide a detailed report of its finances and the bank was unable to do so.
United States Senate
Clay served the United States Senate from June 19, 1837 until his resignation on November 15, 1841.
Clay married Susannah Claiborne Withers on April 4, 1815. They had three sons - Clement Claiborne Clay, John Withers Clay and Hugh Lawson Clay. Clement died of natural causes in September 1866, aged 76. Susanna had died earlier the same year.
- The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, pp. 89-92
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
- Alabama Marriage Collection, 1800-1969 Record
- Clement Comer Clay at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Governors On-Line. Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
- "Clement Comer Clay". Famous Alabamians. Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
- "Alabama Governor Clement Comer Clay". Governor's Information. National Governors Association. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
|New title||Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Alabama
Abner Smith Lipscomb
|Governor of Alabama
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator
from Alabama (Class 3)
with William R. King (1837–1841)
Arthur P. Bagby