Clement Smyth

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Right Reverend
Clement Smyth, OCSO, DD
Bishop of Dubuque
ClementSmyth.jpg
Church Catholic Church
Appointed January 9, 1857 (Coadjutor)
In office February 20, 1858 – September 22, 1865
Predecessor Mathias Loras
Successor John Hennessy
Orders
Ordination May 29, 1841
Consecration May 9, 1857
by Peter Richard Kenrick
Personal details
Born (1810-02-24)February 24, 1810
Finlea, County Clare, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Died September 22, 1865(1865-09-22) (aged 55)
Dubuque, Iowa
Previous post Prior of New Melleray (1849–1857)
Titular Bishop of Thennesus
Coadjutor Bishop of Dubuque (1857–1858)

Timothy Clement Smyth, OCSO (February 24, 1810 – September 22, 1865) was an Irish born 19th century bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as the second leader of the Diocese of Dubuque following the death of Bishop Mathias Loras.

Biography[edit]

Early life & Ministry[edit]

Timothy Smyth was born on February 24, 1810 in Finlea, County Clare, Ireland. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Smyth initially entered a community of teaching brothers, the Brothers of the Presentation.[1] He left that community after six years and took the name of Clement when he entered Mount Melleray Abbey in 1838. He professed religious vows as a member of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance, also known as the Trappists. He was ordained a priest at the abbey on May 29, 1841. Father Smyth founded a school for boys at Mount Melleray and another school developed outside the abbey gates for girls. Because of the devastation brought about by the Great Famine in Ireland in the 1840s the community started looking for a place in North America for a new abbey where the monks could farm the land. A place near Bedford, Pennsylvania was acquired and Father Smyth, as prior, along with another monk were sent to establish a new monastery. The property was deemed unsuitable, as well as other property the small community looked at in both the United States and Canada. Eventually they came to the Dubuque, Iowa area where the Trappists were invited to establish a monastery in the diocese by Bishop Mathias Loras. After resigning as prior, Smyth again established a school at New Melleray according to Bishop Loras' wishes. He was again appointed prior of the monastery on December 6, 1849.

Coadjutor Bishop[edit]

Bishop Loras realized that his health was failing and he requested a coadjutor bishop from the Holy See. On January 9, 1857 Pope Pius IX named Father Smyth the Titular Bishop of Thennesus and Coadjutor Bishop of Dubuque. Because of the time involved in sending communications, the papers from Rome did not arrive in Dubuque until April, 1857. On May 9, 1857, Father Smyth was consecrated by Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick of Saint Louis. Bishops John Martin Henni of Milwaukee and Anthony O'Regan of Chicago served as co-consecrators.[2]

Shortly after his episcopal consecration Bishop Smyth was assigned administrator of the Diocese of Chicago while Bishop O'Reagan went to Rome to resign his See. For the six months he served in this position he resided in Dubuque and traveled to Chicago by train. He had to deal with an apostate priest, Charles Paschal Chiniquy, who had set up a schismatic church in Kankakee, Illinois. Smyth was shot at as he left the town after he publicly excommunicated Chiniquy.[1]

The Altar of the Mortuary Chapel at St. Raphael's Cathedral
Bishop Smyth's final resting place

After his consecration as bishop, Smyth directed the construction of the present St. Raphael's Cathedral. The health of Bishop Loras continued to decline, but Loras was well enough to hold the first Mass in the new cathedral on Christmas Day, 1857. Just under two months later, Bishop Loras died, February 20, 1858. On that day Bishop Smyth succeeded Loras as the second bishop of Dubuque.

Bishop of Dubuque[edit]

Bishop Smyth was known for his deep piety and boundless charity. He would oversee the continued expansion of the church's presence in Iowa as immigration continued into the state. Because of difficult economic times and the American Civil War, not much progress was made on building new churches.[3] However, he was able to recruit Irish priests to the diocese, primarily from All Hallows College in Dublin. This caused discontent among the French born priests and many of them left the diocese.[4] A happier occasion for Smyth occurred in 1863 when he consecrated the Rt. Rev. Ephraim McDonnell as the first abbot for New Melleray after it had been elevated to an abbey by the Holy See.[5]

During the Civil War, Dubuque was a center of pro-Confederate sympathies. In 1863 Smyth learned of the existence of the pro-Southern Knights of the Golden Circle. He gave Iowa members who might be Catholic two weeks to withdraw from the organization or be automatically excommunicated.[6]

One of the most outspoken proponents of the Confederate cause was the editor of the local Democratic newspaper and a friend and an advisor to Bishop Loras, Dennis A. Mahoney. Smyth, unlike Loras who had spent many years as a missionary in Alabama and as a slaveholder, supported the Union cause. Bishop Smyth preached a stinging sermon after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. That evening Smyth lost his coach house, carriage and horses to an arsonist. Local citizens, both Catholic and Protestant, built a new coach house and bought a new carriage and a pair of horses for the bishop.[4]

Bishop Smyth led the diocese for seven years until his death on September 22, 1865. He was succeeded by Bishop John Hennessy, who became Dubuque's first archbishop. Before his death in 1900, Archbishop Hennessy requested that a mortuary chapel be built to serve as a final resting place for bishops and archbishops of Dubuque. In 1902 the mortuary chapel was completed. The body of Bishop Smyth was brought to the cathedral, and reburied in the mortuary chapel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schmidt, Madeleine M. (1981). Seasons of Growth: History of the Diocese of Davenport. Davenport, Iowa: Diocese of Davenport. pp. 90–92. 
  2. ^ http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bsmyth.html
  3. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05179b.htm
  4. ^ a b Luby, S.D. Dubuque, Archdiocese of (Dubuquensis) New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. IV (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967) 1084
  5. ^ Shea, John Gilmary (1892). A history of the Catholic church within the limits of the United States. New York: John G. Shea. p. 645. 
  6. ^ [1]