Clementon, New Jersey

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Clementon, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Clementon
Clementon Borough highlighted in Camden County
Clementon Borough highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map showing location of Clementon within Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map showing location of Clementon within Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in New Jersey.
Coordinates: 39°48′11″N 74°59′03″W / 39.803179°N 74.984209°W / 39.803179; -74.984209Coordinates: 39°48′11″N 74°59′03″W / 39.803179°N 74.984209°W / 39.803179; -74.984209[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 17, 1925
Government[6]
 • Type Borough (New Jersey)
 • Mayor John J. Nicholson (term ends December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • Administrator / Clerk Jenai Johnson[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 1.972 sq mi (5.108 km2)
 • Land 1.914 sq mi (4.958 km2)
 • Water 0.058 sq mi (0.151 km2)  2.95%
Area rank 414th of 566 in state
18th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 72 ft (22 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 5,000
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 4,976
 • Rank 378th of 566 in state
23rd of 37 in county[12]
 • Density 2,612.0/sq mi (1,008.5/km2)
 • Density rank 238th of 566 in state
27th of 37 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08021[13]
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3400713420[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0885186[1][16]
Website http://www.clementonborough.com

Clementon is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,000,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 14 (+0.3%) from the 4,986 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 615 (-11.0%) from the 5,601 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Around 1800, Jonathon Haines built a glass factory in what is now present day Clementon, situated on a large hill across the street from the modern day Clementon Park. Large amounts of dirt, gravel and marl from the large hill the glass works were situated on were removed for use at a planned new Post office in 1961. Sometime around 1811, Samuel Clement of Haddonfield purchased the glass works and named them the Gloucester Glass works, and named the small settlement around the plant as Clementon village. Haines remained as a superintendent and at some point repurchased the works from Clement. The Borough of Clementon was created on February 13, 1925, from Clementon Township, one of nine municipalities created from the now-defunct township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 17, 1925.[18]

Geography[edit]

Clementon is located at 39°48′11″N 74°59′03″W / 39.803179°N 74.984209°W / 39.803179; -74.984209 (39.803179,-74.984209). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.972 square miles (5.108 km2); 1.914 square miles (4.958 km2) of it was land and 0.058 square miles (0.151 km2) of it (2.95%) was water.[1][2]

The borough is located on Clementon Lake, which is the site of the Clementon Amusement Park. The amusement park was home to the Jack Rabbit, a wooden roller coaster constructed in 1919 by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company. Though quite tame in comparison to modern steel coasters, it remained popular with park visitors. It was one of the oldest remaining coasters in the country when it was taken out of service in 2002[19] and ultimately demolished in 2007.

Clementon borders Lindenwold, Pine Hill, Pine Valley, and Berlin Borough.

At 12:13 am on November 23, 2012, Clementon was the epicenter of a 2.1 earthquake, unusual for the area, prompting residents to call authorities about a possible explosion in Camden and Gloucester counties.[20]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,794
1920 3,491 24.9%
1930 2,605 −25.4%
1940 2,866 10.0%
1950 3,191 11.3%
1960 3,766 18.0%
1970 4,492 19.3%
1980 5,764 28.3%
1990 5,601 −2.8%
2000 4,986 −11.0%
2010 5,000 0.3%
Est. 2013 4,976 [11] −0.5%
Population sources:1910-2000[21]
1910[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,000 people, 2,064 households, and 1,226 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,612.0 per square mile (1,008.5/km2). There were 2,235 housing units at an average density of 1,167.6 per square mile (450.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 71.28% (3,564) White, 19.12% (956) Black or African American, 0.56% (28) Native American, 2.10% (105) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.90% (195) from other races, and 3.04% (152) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.30% (515) of the population.[8]

There were 2,064 households, of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.[8]

In the borough, 22.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,185 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,676) and the median family income was $57,184 (+/- $7,155). Males had a median income of $40,987 (+/- $7,918) versus $34,063 (+/- $3,762) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,597 (+/- $2,393). About 7.8% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there are 4,986 people, 1,978 households, and 1,246 families residing in the borough. The population density is 2,636.3 people per square mile (1,018.6/km2). There are 2,206 housing units at an average density of 1,166.4 per square mile (450.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough is 82.23% Caucasian, 11.57% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 2.35% from other races, and 2.53% from two or more races. 4.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.[25][26]

There are 1,978 households out of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% are married couples living together, 15.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% are non-families. 29.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.52 and the average family size is 3.13.[25][26]

In the borough the population is spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.5 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough is $42,207, and the median income for a family is $50,963. Males have a median income of $33,879 versus $29,777 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $18,510. 11.4% of the population and 9.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.6% of those under the age of 18 and 14.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Clementon is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Clementon, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[28][29] A council president is selected annually from among their own members by the council and presides in the absence of the mayor. The council has all executive responsibilities not specifically assigned to the mayor.

As of 2012, the Mayor of the Borough of Clementon is John J. Nicholson. Members of the Clementon Borough Council are President Thomas Weaver, Mark Armbruster, Thomas Avellino, Sr., Doreen Closs, Thomas Williams, Jr. and Candice Wilson.[4]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Clementon is located in the 1st Congressional District[30] and is part of New Jersey's 4th state legislative district.[9][31][32]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[33] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[34][35] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[36][37]

The 4th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Fred H. Madden (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and in the General Assembly by Paul Moriarty (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and Gabriela Mosquera (D, Gloucester Township).[38] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[39] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[40]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with wither two or three seats coming up for election each year.[41] As of 2014, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014)[42], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2016)[43], Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015)[44], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015)[45], Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014)[46], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015)[47] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016).[48][49][50] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa,[51] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham[52] and Surrogate Patricia Egan "Pat" Jones.[53]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,945 registered voters in Clementon, of which 1,063 (36.1%) were registered as Democrats, 407 (13.8%) were registered as Republicans and 1,472 (50.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[54]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 61.9% of the vote here (1,276 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 33.9% (700 votes), with 2,063 ballots cast among the borough's 3,049 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.7%.[55] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.7% of the vote here (1,183 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 37.0% (721 votes), with 1,949 ballots cast among the borough's 2,780 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.1.[56]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 48.3% of the vote here (529 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 42.7% (468 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (63 votes), with 1,095 ballots cast among the borough's 2,950 registered voters, yielding a 37.1% turnout.[57]

Education[edit]

The Clementon School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at Clementon Elementary School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 463 students and 49.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.45:1.[58]

Public school students attend Overbrook High School in Pine Hill for ninth through twelfth grades as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Pine Hill Schools. The high school also serves the community of Berlin Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[59]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 23.91 miles (38.48 km) of roadways, of which 15.10 miles (24.30 km) were maintained by the municipality, 7.82 miles (12.59 km) by Camden County and 0.99 miles (1.59 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[60]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus serviceis provided on the 403 route netween Turnersville and Camden, as well as between the Lindenwold station and Atlantic City on the 554 routes.[61][62]

Economy[edit]

Clementon is home to Giambri's, a long established candy and chocolate maker.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Mayor & Council, Borough of Clementon. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  5. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of Clementon. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 24.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Clementon, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clementon borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clementon borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Clementon, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  14. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 104. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  19. ^ Staff. "High on Tsunami", Courier-Post, May 31, 2004. Accessed July 19, 2011. "Meanwhile, the park's original wooden coaster, the Jack Rabbit, one of the oldest wooden coasters in the country, is mothballed with no plans for its return.... Jack Rabbit, built in 1919, last ran in 2002. The old coaster eventually will be torn down."
  20. ^ Stamm, Dan. "Earthquake Shakes Camden County; No reports of injuries from 2.1 magnitude quake centered in Clementon", November 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  22. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Clementon borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Clementon borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Clementon borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
  28. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  29. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed December 1, 2014.
  30. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  31. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  34. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  35. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  36. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  37. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  39. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  40. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  41. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  42. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  43. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  44. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  45. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  46. ^ Scot N. McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  47. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  49. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ Surrogate's Court, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  55. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  56. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  57. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  58. ^ District information for Clementon School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 1, 2014.
  59. ^ Superintendent's Message, Pine Hill Schools, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 3, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2011. "Our facilities consist of the Overbrook High School (with the attendance area encompassing the communities of Pine Hill, Clementon, and Berlin Township), Pine Hill Middle School, Dr. Albert Bean Elementary School, and John Glenn Elementary School."
  60. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  61. ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2011.
  62. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed December 13, 2014.

External links[edit]