Clemson, South Carolina

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Clemson, South Carolina
City
College Avenue in downtown Clemson
College Avenue in downtown Clemson
Nickname(s): Tigertown
Motto: "In season, every season."
Location of Clemson, South Carolina
Location of Clemson, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°41′6″N 82°48′53″W / 34.68500°N 82.81472°W / 34.68500; -82.81472Coordinates: 34°41′6″N 82°48′53″W / 34.68500°N 82.81472°W / 34.68500; -82.81472
Country United States
State South Carolina
Counties Pickens, Anderson
Area
 • Total 7.9 sq mi (20.5 km2)
 • Land 7.5 sq mi (19.3 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation 725 ft (221 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,905
 • Density 1,869/sq mi (721.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29631-29634
Area code(s) 864
FIPS code 45-14950[1]
GNIS feature ID 1247312[2]
Website www.cityofclemson.org

Clemson is a city located in Pickens and Anderson counties in the U.S. state of South Carolina. It is a college town, home of the Clemson University campus. The population of the city was 13,905 at the 2010 census.[3]

Clemson is part of the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, South Carolina Combined Statistical Area. Most of the city is in Pickens County, which is part of the Greenville-Mauldin-Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small portion is in Anderson County, which is part of the Anderson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History and background[edit]

The city of Clemson's character is largely defined by Clemson University, a large public university that dates to 1889. The university is the cultural center of the city, even though a small two-block downtown is located directly to the north of the campus. The community was originally named "Calhoun" and was renamed "Clemson" in 1943.

Although the university provides housing for students, many students live off campus in a wide variety of apartment complexes. Save for the downtown, sidewalks are largely absent, but some streets have bike paths. U.S. Route 123 on the northern end of the city exhibits typical suburban-style shopping center developments. The city's comprehensive plan[4] has a historic preservation component which will likely become more important as 1950s and '60s buildings acquire historic status. The Clemson (train) Depot, built in 1893, was rehabilitated in 2001 and now houses the local chamber of commerce.[5]

The city recently[when?] added recreational facilities and paths along Lake Hartwell including a new boardwalk.

Clemson University was built on Fort Hill Plantation in 1889. This was home to John C. Calhoun, and eventually became the home of Clemson University. Clemson University was built due to the influence of the women in succession of the Fort Hill Plantation. It all began with Floride, Calhoun’s wife, whose mother had originally purchased the estate. Floride became the owner of Fort Hill when her mother died in 1836. In the meantime, Floride and John C. Calhoun had a daughter named Anna Maria. Anna Maria eventually married Thomas Green Clemson at the age of 21. After their marriage, John C. Calhoun died in 1850 and allowed Floride Calhoun to gain total ownership of the Fort Hill Plantation. Since Anna Maria was the only living child, she inherited a part of Fort Hill when Floride died in 1866. Anna Maria gave Thomas G. Clemson a portion of the property in her will. When she died in 1875, he inherited the plantation. It was Anna Maria that wished to use the land to build an agricultural college, so when Thomas Green died in 1888; he left the land to build what is now known as Clemson University.

Geography and climate[edit]

Lake Hartwell as seen from Clemson

Clemson is located at 34°41′6″N 82°48′53″W / 34.68500°N 82.81472°W / 34.68500; -82.81472 (34.684930, −82.814777)[6] approximately 27 miles (43 km) west of Uptown Greenville and 15 miles (24 km) north of Anderson. The city is situated near the western corner of South Carolina in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains while also on the shores of Lake Hartwell.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.5 km2), of which 7.5 square miles (19.3 km2) is land and 0.46 square miles (1.2 km2), or 5.85%, is water.[7]

Clemson has a humid subtropical climate characterized by warm, humid summers and cool, dry winters. Precipitation does not vary much throughout the seasons, except for the winter months when precipitation is infrequent. Clemson and the rest of the Upstate of South Carolina generally receives 1 to 3 inches (25 to 76 mm) of snow annually.

Climate data for Clemson University, South Carolina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11)
56
(13)
63
(17)
72
(22)
80
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
83
(28)
73
(23)
64
(18)
54
(12)
72
(22.2)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(−1)
32
(0)
38
(3)
45
(7)
55
(13)
65
(18)
68
(20)
69
(21)
61
(16)
49
(9)
39
(4)
32
(0)
48.6
(9.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.74
(120.4)
4.81
(122.2)
4.83
(122.7)
3.56
(90.4)
3.62
(91.9)
3.67
(93.2)
4.15
(105.4)
4.94
(125.5)
3.72
(94.5)
3.69
(93.7)
3.89
(98.8)
4.78
(121.4)
50.4
(1,280.2)
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

National Register of Historical Places[edit]

The following places and buildings in Clemson are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Demographics[edit]

Tillman Hall at Clemson University in 2008

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 11,939 people, 5,061 households, and 2,196 families residing in the city. The population does not reflect the additional on-campus population of Clemson University, which adds approximately 17,000 additional residents for eight months of the year.[citation needed]

The population density was 1,620.6 people per square mile (625.5/km²). There were 5,679 housing units at an average density of 770.8 per square mile (297.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.98% White, 11.38% African American, 5.73% Asian, 0.11% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.

There were 5,061 households out of which 17.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 36.8% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 106.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,892, and the median income for a family was $61,176. Males had a median income of $39,318 versus $28,663 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,272. About 8.8% of families and 33.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

The 2010 census states that Clemson’s population rose to 14,089 in 2012, showing an increase of 0.9% over two years and 3 months (from April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012). The population in 2010 consisted of 5,823 households with approximately 2.33 people living in each household. This household quantity includes 2,474 family households, 932 of which had children less than eighteen years of age. 37% of these households were married couples, 2.3% male householder with no wife present, and 3.2% female householders with no husband present. The rest of these households were composed of nonfamily households (57.5%) and householders living along (31.3%).

The city of Clemson had a population density of 1,869 persons per square mile. The total number of housing units in the city was 6.925. The overall racial distribution of the city was 78.4% white, 8.9% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 8.3% Asian, and 2.2% Hispanic or Latino. The age distribution for Clemson is as follows: 4.1% under the age of 5 years, 3.3% 5–9 years, 4.4% 10–14 years, 4.3% 15–19 years, 32.6% 20–24 years, 14% 25–34 years, 8.8% 35–44 years, 8.8% 45-54, and 19.7% over the age of 55 years.

The median household income was $29,828 and the median family income was $77,704. The median earnings for a male worker (full-time) was $42,597, compared to the median earnings for a female worker (full-time), which was $32,524. The city of Clemson had a per capita income of about $23,906. 17.6% of the total population was below the poverty line, 13.2% of that total being families.[9]

Public safety[edit]

The City of Clemson operates with the Clemson Police Department, Clemson University Fire Department, and Pickens County EMS, for public safety needs. All departments are staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The Clemson University Fire Department has one station located at 1521 Perimeter Road. The Police Department is located at 1198 Tiger Boulevard. Pickens County EMS Medic 4 is located at 115 Commons Way in Central.

Transportation[edit]

Clemson Area Transit (CAT) is a free transportation service that offers services to everyone throughout the Clemson, Anderson, Pendleton, and Seneca areas. All CAT busses are made accessible for patrons with disabilities and can accommodate any special needs. The CAT busses also provide transfer services to the local Electric City Transit bus in Anderson, SC. Riders can receive vouchers from CAT bus operators in order to continue their ride fare-free on the Anderson shuttles. The CAT busses also connect with the Greyhound Bus Line in Anderson.[10]

Clemson Area Transit Logo

The city of Clemson has its own AMTRAK Station located at the corner of Calhoun Memorial Highway and College Avenue.[11] The Crescent Route travels from New Orleans to New York City and stops through the Clemson station (CSN).[12]

The Clemson area is situated near three major airports. The closest, Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport, is located 45 minutes away in Greenville, South Carolina. The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) is located two and a half hours away in Atlanta, Georgia, and The Charlotte-Douglas International Airport (CLT) is located two and a half hours away, as well, in Charlotte, North Carolina. Many different services provide transportation to and from the airport from the Clemson area, including The Airport Shuttle, Anderson/Clemson Shuttle Service, Yellow Cab, and Andrews Airport Services.[13]

Education[edit]

The city of Clemson is located in the school district of Pickens County. Children living in the city of Clemson attend Clemson Elementary School, RC Edwards Middle School, and Daniel High School.[14]

Clemson Elementary School was originally called the Calhoun-Clemson School and was located on College Avenue. In 1964, the school burned down, destroying everything but the cafeteria. The school was rebuilt on Frontage Road and was named Maggie Morrison Elementary School. The old building was renamed the Morrison annex and was used to house the primary grades. After the schools had outgrown their buildings, construction began on a new school building on Berkeley Drive in 1999. This is now the site of the current Clemson Elementary. Clemson Elementary colors are orange and blue and their mascot is the tiger cub.[15]

RC Edwards was built and opened in 1971. It currently educates sixth, seventh, and eighth graders. The campus is located between Central, South Carolina and Six Mile, South Carolina, and has approximately 800 students enrolled. Their colors are purple and white and their mascot is the panther.[16]

The current D W Daniel High School was constructed in 2010 and had its first class enter the doors for the 2012-2013 school year. The school is named after David Wistar Daniel, a professor at Clemson University, who was invested in the public school system and spent many years on the South Carolina Board of Education. They were recently named one of the best regular public schools in the State of South Carolina by US News magazine. Their colors are blue and gold and their mascot is the lions. They are very well known for their football team.[17] In their 2013-2014 season, they ended the year 14 wins to 1 lose, which occurred in the 3A State Championship against Myrtle Beach High School.[18]

Daniel High School logo.

City Government[edit]

The city has its own City Council, and also participates as a member of the Pickens County Council. Clemson’s senators in the United States Senate are Lindsey Graham and Tim Scott. In the House, Clemson’s representative is Jeff Duncan. The South Carolina state senator is Thomas C. Alexander and the SC state representative is B.R. Skelton.[19] The Clemson City Council consists of an Arts and Culture Commission, a Planning Commission, a Board of Architectural Review, and a Board of Zoning Appeals.[20]

The City of Clemson also works directly with the International Town Gown Association (ITGA) that works to provide information on common issues between universities and their neighboring towns. Two Clemson representatives serve on the ITGA Executive Board: Jim Oswald, ITGA Treasurer, and Beth Bagwell, ITGA Director.[21]

Attractions[edit]

South Carolina Botanical Garden

In addition to Clemson University, the city is home to the South Carolina Botanical Garden, Fort Hill Plantation, and Bob Campbell Geology Museum. Lake Hartwell, a reservoir, is a popular recreation area that borders the city on the west. The Blue Ridge Mountains are located just 30 miles (48 km) from the city center. [22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45/4514950.html
  4. ^ "Cultural Resources Goals and Objectives" (PDF). City of Clemson. 
  5. ^ "Clemson, SC (CSN) — Great American Stations". 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Clemson city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Average Weather for Clemson University, South Carolina". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  9. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45/4514950.html Clemson (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ http://www.catbus.com/home/general.html Clemson Area Transit - General Info
  11. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=am/am2Station/Station_Page&code=CSN Clemson AMTRAK
  12. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/crescent-train Crescet - the Train between New York and New Orleans
  13. ^ http://www.cityofclemson.org/our-community/transportation Transportation - City of Clemson
  14. ^ http://www.pickens.k12.sc.us/ Schools and Sites
  15. ^ http://pickens.clemson.schoolfusion.us/ Clemson Elementary School - History of School
  16. ^ http://ems.pickens.k12.sc.us/ Edwards Middle School - School Facts
  17. ^ http://dhs.pickens.k12.sc.us/ Daniel High School - About Our School
  18. ^ Maxpreps.com Daniel High School Football
  19. ^ http://www.scstatehouse.gov/legislatorssearch.php Find Your Legislator - South Carolina Legislature
  20. ^ http://www.cityofclemson.org/city/city-council-boards-and-commissions City Council Boards and Commissions
  21. ^ https://www.itgau.org/content.aspx?ContentID=1438 Mission and Vision - ITGA
  22. ^ {City of Clemson, SC | In Season, Every Season. Web. 17 September 2011. <http://www.cityofclemson.org/>}

External links[edit]