Cleome gynandra

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Cleome gynandra
Cleome gynandra Blanco1.233-cropped.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Cleomaceae
Genus: Cleome
Species: C. gynandra
Binomial name
Cleome gynandra
L.
Synonyms[1]

Cleome gynandra (Sanskrit: Ajagandha, अजगन्धा;[citation needed] Marathi:Tilavan, तिलवन; Kenyan (Kisii):Chinsaga) is a species of Cleome known by the common name Shona cabbage or African cabbage. It is an annual wildflower native to Africa but has become widespread in many tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. It is an erect, branching plant generally between 25 cm and 60 cm tall. Its sparse leaves are each made up of 3-5 oval-shaped leaflets. The flowers are white to rose pink. The seed is a brown 1.5mm diameter sphere. The leaves are edible.

Uses[edit]

The leaves form an important part of diets in Southern Africa, and nutritional analysis has found it to be high in certain nutrients including amino acids, vitamins and minerals.[2] In Telugu, C. gynandra is termed as Vaminta or Vayinta. In India, many tribes cook the leaves of this herb like any other leaf curry.

Ecology[edit]

Cleome gynandra is considered an invasive weed in many places in the U.S.[3] and elsewhere in the Pacific.[4]

Biochemistry[edit]

Cleome gynandra uses NAD-malic enzyme type C4 photosynthesis and has the characteristic traits associated with this including changes in "leaf biochemistry, cell biology and development".[5] Cleome gynandra is closely related to Arabidopsis thaliana (a C3 photosynthetic plant) and therefore offers comparison with this well studied model plant.

References[edit]

External links[edit]