Cleopatra IV of Egypt

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Cleopatra IV
Queen of Egypt
Spouse Ptolemy IX of Egypt
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus
Issue Possibly Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus
Maybe Antiochus X
Dynasty Ptolemaic
Father Ptolemy VIII of Egypt
Mother Cleopatra III of Egypt
Born c. 138 – 135 BC
Died 112 BC

Cleopatra IV (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα) was Queen of Egypt briefly from 116 to 115 BC, jointly with her husband Ptolemy IX Lathyros. She later became queen consort of Syria as the wife of Antiochus IX Cyzicenus.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Cleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt. She was born between 138 and 135 BC. She was the sister of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy X, Cleopatra Selene I and Tryphaena.

Cleopatra IV married her brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros when he was still a prince in c. 119/118 BC. Cleopatra IV may be the mother of Ptolemy XII Auletes and Ptolemy of Cyprus, although an unnamed concubine could be the mother of these two men as well.[1]

In c. 115, BC Cleopatra III forced Cleopatra IV and Ptolemy IX to divorce. She replaced Cleopatra IV with her sister Cleopatra Selene I.[3]

Cleopatra IV fled Egypt and went to Cyprus, where she married Antiochus IX Cyzicenus and brought him the army of Antiochus VIII Grypus, which she had convinced to follow her. Antiochus Cyzicenus was the half brother of Antiochus Grypus, the Seleucid king of Syria. Antiochus Grypus fought Antiochus Cyzicenus and eventually chased him to Antioch. Grypus was married to Cleopatra IV's sister Tryphaena. Tryphaena decided that Cleopatra IV should die and over the protests of her husband summoned some soldiers and had Cleopatra IV murdered in the sanctuary of Daphne in Antioch [2][4] In his comprehensive website about Ptolemaic genealogy, Christopher Bennett also notes the possibility that Cleopatra IV from her brief marriage to Antiochus IX Cyzicenus may have been the mother of the later Seleucid monarch Antiochus X Eusebes ("the Pious"),[5] who would go on to marry Cleopatra IV's younger sister, Cleopatra Selene, thus making him the spouse of a woman who was both his stepmother (Selene married both of her sisters' widowers, Grypus and Cyzicenus, before marrying Eusebes) and his maternal aunt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cleopatra IV by Chris Bennett.
  2. ^ a b Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004
  3. ^ Justin 39, 3, 2.
  4. ^ Justin 39, 3, 3-11.
  5. ^ http://www.tyndalehouse.com/Egypt/ptolemies/cleopatra_iv_fr.htm

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III
Ptolemaic Queen of Egypt
with Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III
Succeeded by:
Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III