Clermont State Historic Site

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Clermont
Clermont State Historic Site is located in New York
Clermont State Historic Site
Location One mile North of Tivoli, New York
Coordinates 42°05′09″N 73°55′10″W / 42.08583°N 73.91944°W / 42.08583; -73.91944Coordinates: 42°05′09″N 73°55′10″W / 42.08583°N 73.91944°W / 42.08583; -73.91944
Built 1782
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation
NRHP Reference # 71000535[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 18, 1971[1]
Designated NHL November 28, 1972[2]

The Clermont State Historic Site, also known as the Clermont estate, the Clermont Manor or just Clermont, is a New York State Historic Site in southwestern Columbia County, New York, USA. It protects the former estate of the Livingston family, seven generations of whom lived on the site during more than two centuries.

History[edit]

The name Clermont derives from "clear mountain" in French and was inspired by the view of the Catskill Mountains across the Hudson River from the estate.

View of Catskills and Hudson from estate

The estate was established by Robert Livingston following the death of his father, the first Lord of Livingston Manor, in 1728; while most of the manor was inherited by the eldest son Philip Livingston, 13,000 acres (5,300 ha) in the southwest corner, later named Clermont, was willed to Robert.

In October 1777, British Major General John Vaughan, who led a raiding party up the Hudson River, came to Clermont and burned Livingston's home because of his prominent role in the American Revolution. Margaret Beekman Livingston rebuilt the family home between 1779 and 1782. Her son Robert R. Livingston became the estate's most prominent resident, serving as a member of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, and negotiator of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1807, Livingston was a partner with Robert Fulton, creating the first commercially successful steamboat on the Hudson river, the North River Steamboat (later known as the Clermont), which stopped at the house on its inaugural trip.

The house is now a New York State Historic Site and was designated a United States National Historic Landmark in 1972.[2][3] It is a contributing property to another National Historic Landmark, the Hudson River Historic District.

Although located in the town of Clermont, its mailing address is in the nearby town of Germantown.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Clermont". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-10. 
  3. ^ Charles W. Snell (April 20, 1972). National Register of Historic Places Inventory: "Clermont"-Livingston Lower Manor PDF (582 KiB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 2 photos, exterior, from 1971. PDF (103 KiB)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]