|Long title||Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act|
|Enacted by||the 101st United States Congress|
|Public Law||Pub.L. 101–542|
|Acts amended||Higher Education Act of 1965|
|U.S.C. sections amended||20 U.S.C. § 1092, et al|
The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act or Clery Act is a federal statute codified at , with implementing regulations in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations at 34 C.F.R. 668.46.
The Clery Act requires all colleges and universities that participate in federal financial aid programs to keep and disclose information about crime on and near their respective campuses. Compliance is monitored by the United States Department of Education, which can impose civil penalties, up to $35,000 per violation, against institutions for each infraction and can suspend institutions from participating in federal student financial aid programs.
The law is named for Jeanne Clery, a 19-year-old Lehigh University freshman who was raped and murdered in her campus residence hall in 1986. The backlash against unreported crimes on numerous campuses across the country led to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The Clery Act, signed in 1990, was originally known as the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act.
- 1 Requirements of act
- 2 Jeanne Clery
- 3 Notable incidents
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Requirements of act
Annual security report
By October 1 of each year, institutions must publish and distribute their Annual Campus Security Report to current and prospective students and employees. Institutions are also allowed to provide notice of the report, a URL if available, and how to obtain a paper copy if desired. This report is required to provide crime statistics for the prior three years, policy statements regarding various safety and security measures, campus crime prevention program descriptions, and procedures to be followed in the investigation and prosecution of alleged sex offenses.
The institution's police department or security departments are required to maintain a public log of all crimes reported to them, or those of which they are made aware. The log is required to have the most recent 60 days' worth of information. Each entry in the log must contain the nature, date, time and general location of each crime and disposition of the complaint, if known. Information in the log older than 60 days must be made available within two business days. Crime logs must be kept for seven years, three years following the publication of the last annual security report.
The Clery Act requires institutions to give timely warnings of crimes that represent a threat to the safety of students or employees. Institutions are required to publish their policies regarding timely warnings in their Annual Campus Security Report. The institution is only required to notify the community of crimes which are covered by the Clery statistics.
An institution must keep the most recent eight years (as of 2012) of crime statistics that occurred: on campus, in institution residential facilities, in noncampus buildings, or on public property. Offenses are defined by the UCR Hanbook  and are not the state crime definitions but rather Federal crime definitions. This has lead to possible discrepancies in data reporting. Some changes have been made to further define discrepancies in recent updates to the Clery Act. In 2014, new amendments were made to require reporting on domestic violence, dating violence and stalking. In cases of forcible sexual offenses, there have been reports of colleges questioning accounts of alleged victims, further complicating documentation and policing of student assaults.
Institutions are required to report on crimes such as:
- Murder (including nonnegligent and negligent manslaughter)
- Sex offenses (forcible/nonforcible, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking)
- Aggravated assault
- Motor vehicle theft
Institutions are required to report on persons referred for campus disciplinary action for:
- Liquor law violations
- Drug-related violations
- Weapons possession
Institutions are required to report on crimes or bodily harm related to/caused by:
On April 5, 1986, Jeanne Clery was raped and murdered in Stoughton Hall at Lehigh University. The perpetrator Josoph M. Henry was a student and was later apprehended, tried and sentenced. Prior to Jeanne's death, there were reports that that her dorm had had 181 situations of auto-locking doors being propped open by residents. The propped doors is believed how Henry entered Stoughton Hall on April 5, 1986. In addition, it is believed Clery left her room door unlocked for her roommate, who forgot her key. It is believed that Clery was awoken by Henry in the process of robbing her, in which Henry beat, cut, raped, sodomized, and strangled Jeanne.
As Connie and Howard Clery learned more about their daughter's death, they grew convinced that their daughter had died because of "slipshod" security on campus. Beyond this, they believed the university had "a rapidly escalating crime rate, which they didn't tell anybody about." At the time, Lehigh University's vice president John Smeaton, denied claims saying says security measures were "more than adequate, reasonable and appropriate for our setting and our situation. You can't prevent everything from happening." The murder was believed to be under reported by the family which lead to Jeanne's parents founding Security On Campus, Inc. Today the foundation is called Clery Center for Security On Campus.
Numerous institutions have been fined and found in non compliance of the Clery act. Many include defining of crimes, reporting methods and alerting students of dangers. From 2008-2012, 14 higher education institutions were fined for Clery Act noncompliance. Large scale Clery violations results in financial fines at institutions such as Pennsylvania State University, Eastern Michigan University and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Reports on complaints of Clery Act noncompliance are available from the Federal Student Aid (FSA) website. Federal Student Aid, an office of the Department of Education, conducts reviews to evaluate compliance with the Clery Act. According to the Federal Student Aid (FSA) page on Clery Act Reports, "The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act is a federal statute requiring colleges and universities participating in federal financial aid programs to maintain and disclose campus crime statistics and security information. The U.S. Department of Education conducts reviews to evaluate an institution's compliance with the Clery Act requirements....Once a review is completed, the Department issues a Final Program Review Determination. Although regular program reviews may contain Clery Act findings, this page includes only those program reviews that were focused exclusively on the Clery Act. Below, you can access these reports as well as accompanying documentation which may include the complaint, school response, or fine action that resulted from the program review." 
Eastern Michigan University
The case involving the highest fine imposed on an institution occurred in 2008. Eastern Michigan University was fined $357,500 for failing to warn the campus of a student's assault and death that occurred in 2006. Beyond reporting the incident, the school was fined for violating federal crime-reporting laws. The Laura Dickinson incident has been seen as a wake-up call on how universities report and display statistics on crimes that occur on university campuses. The incident brought forth university-wide changes in campus safety and safety notifications. The incident also brought changes in university administration, including the dismissal of the university's president, John A. Fallon.
Penn State University
The U.S. Department of Education is investigating Penn State over the Penn State sex abuse scandal. Their investigation arises from the university administration's alleged failure to report allegations of sex offenses on campus by a former school official as being a violation of the Act. Former Penn State Defensive Coach Jerry Sandusky has been convicted of sexually abusing several young boys over several years, including incidents on campus. A campus safety advocacy group called the scandal "the most extensive investigation the Department of Education has ever conducted".
In the final report regarding the April 16, 2007 Virginia Tech massacre issued on Thursday, December 9, 2010 by the U.S. Department of Education under Arne Duncan, Virginia Tech was said to have violated this Act.
Additionally the Department of Education fined the University $55,000 on March 29, 2011 for "failure to issue a timely warning" in response to the shootings at West Ambler Johnston. The university appealed the fine arguing that actions were in compliance with guidelines distributed to schools by the Department of Education in a handbook. And on March 30, 2012, the U.S. Department of Education’s administrative law judge ruled in favor of the University, saying in a statement: “This was not an unreasonable amount of time in which to issue a warning. …. if the later shootings at Norris Hall had not occurred, it is doubtful that the timing of the email would have been perceived as too late.”
- Originally, the Student Right-To-Know and Campus Security Act
- Gross, Ken (1990-02-19). "After Their Daughter Is Murdered at College, Her Grieving Parents Mount a Crusade for Campus Safety". People.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Clery Act Compliance". Clery Center for Security On Campus. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
- New, Jake (October 20, 2014). "Final Changes to Clery Act". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Feds launch investigation into Swarthmore's handling of sex assaults". Philadelphia Inquirer. 2013-07-16.
- "Annual campus crime report may not tell true story of student crime". Daily Nebraskan. 2013-07-16.
- BEYETTE, BEVERLY (August 10, 1989). "Campus Crime Crusade : Howard and Connie Clery Lost Their Daughter to a Crazed Thief; NoThey're Angry and Fighting Back". LA Times. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- Gross, Ken (February 19, 1990). "After Their Daughter Is Murdered at College, Her Grieving Parents Mount a Crusade for Campus Safety". People.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Our History". Clery Center for Campus Security. Clery Center for Campus Security. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Complying With The Jeanne Clery Act". Securityoncampus.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Ranking the Safest (and Least Secure) College Campuses". Readers Digest. 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Penn State could incur steep penalty in probe of unreported crime". Reuters. July 19, 2012.
- Potter, Dena (March 30, 2011). "Virginia Tech fined $55K for response to shootings". Forbes. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
- Virginia Tech statement on ruling overturning findings of the U.S. Department of Education 
- The Handbook for Campus Crime Reporting, updated February 2011
- Bell, Craig; CNN Wire Staff (March 30, 2011). "Virginia Tech fined $55,000 in 2007 shooting rampage". CNN. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
- "Virginia Tech's Clery Act hearing opens". Roanoke Times.
Laws and regulations
- Clery Center for Security On Campus, Inc. - Information regarding the Clery Act
- US Department of Education - Campus Security
- Clery Act Campus Crime Reporting Handbook (PDF)
- SPLC's Student Media Guide to the Clery Act