|Nickname(s): The City with Spirit|
|Named for||Benjamin Cleveland|
|• Type||City Council|
|• Mayor||Tom Rowland|
|• City Manager||Janice Casteel|
|• Total||29.68 sq mi (76.87 km2)|
|• Land||29.68 sq mi (76.87 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||869 ft (265 m)|
|Population (2012 Census Estimate)|
|• Density||1,428.10/sq mi (551.40/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||37311, 37312, 37320, 37323, 37364|
|GNIS feature ID||1280705|
Cleveland is a city in Bradley County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 41,285 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat and largest city in Bradley County, and the principal city of the Cleveland, Tennessee metropolitan area (consisting of Bradley County and neighboring Polk County), which is included in the Chattanooga-Cleveland-Athens combined statistical area. Cleveland is also the fifth-largest industrial city in Tennessee with twelve Fortune 500 manufacturers.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2013)|
Cleveland was established in 1837 as county seat for Bradley County, which had been created the previous year. It was named after Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolution.
In 1819, the Cherokee Agency— the official liaison between the U.S. government and the Cherokee Nation— was moved to the Hiwassee area, a few miles north of what is now Cleveland. The Indian agent was Colonel Return J. Meigs. Charleston and Blythe's Ferry (about 15 miles, or 24 kilometers, west of Cleveland) would both figure prominently in the Cherokee Removal in the late 1830s.
Cleveland is at  It is situated among a series of low hills roughly 15 miles (24 km) west of the Appalachian Mountains and 15 miles (24 km) east of the Chickamauga Lake impoundment of the Tennessee River. The Hiwassee River, which flows down out of the mountains and forms the northern boundary of Bradley County, empties into the Tennessee a few miles northwest of Cleveland. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total land area of 25.0 square miles (65 km2)..
Cleveland is served by Hardwick Field, also known as Cleveland Municipal Airport, which is located four miles north of the main business district. Cleveland Regional Jetport, located approximately two miles east of Hardwick Field opened on January 25, 2013, and is expected to replace the existing Hardwick Field. It consists of a 5,500 by 100ft runway.
Cleveland is on U.S. Route 11 (Lee Highway, Ocoee St.)'s intersection with several state and federal highways. The U.S. Route 11 Bypass (Keith Street) bypasses the business district. U.S. Route 64 connects Cleveland with Murphy, North Carolina to the east and the Chattanooga area to the southwest. TN State Route 60 (25th Street) connects Cleveland with Dayton to the northwest and Dalton, Georgia to the southeast, where the road becomes GA State Route 71. The U.S. 64 Bypass, along with a small portion of S.R. 60 (called APD-40 by locals) is part of the Appalachian Development Highway System, and serves as a beltway around the business district. Parts of this beltway are controlled access. Interstate 75 passes through western Cleveland, connecting the area with Knoxville and Chattanooga. A total of three exits serve Cleveland.
The U.S. 11 Bypass (Keith Street) was built in the mid 1960s to relieve congestion of southbound traffic downtown. S.R. 60 originally turned southward at the first intersection east of the interstate and ran together with U.S. 64 through downtown, but was moved to 25th street in the late 1960s, which ended at Ocoee St. (U.S. 11) With the growth of industries in the city, APD-40 was planned as a connector road to U.S. 64 and a bypass around downtown between the proposed Interstate 75 and U.S. 11 to the north in the late 1960's. The first section between the interstate and South Lee Highway (U.S. 11) was built and completed in 1969, but lack of funding delayed the project multiple times. The corridor between South Lee Highway and U.S. 64 was built and opened in sections between 1970 and 1972. The last section was completed and opened in 1974. Sgt. Paul Huff Parkway, a major thoroughfare in the northern part of the city was built between the interstate and North Lee Highway (U.S.) 11 in the mid-1980s to provide a seminal for new businesses and an easier access to industries in the northeastern corner of the city. An additional section between the interstate and S.R. 60 was constructed in the late 1980s. Most major economic centers are located in this part of the city.
The Tennessee Department of Transportation is currently rebuilding the I-75 interchange with APD-40 (exit 20), as the current conditions cause traffic to back up across the existing two lane overpass and on the ramps. A reported 17,000 vehicles traverse this bridge daily. Plans are to demolish the existing and build a new six lane bridge. The ramps will also be lengthened. The project is expected to be complete by November 2015. APD-40 has also been reported to be the road where the most roadway accidents and fatalities occur in Bradley County.
Since 1908, 27 tornadoes have been documented in the Cleveland area, 7 of which struck on April 27, 2011.
|Climate data for Cleveland, Tennessee|
|Average high °F (°C)||50
|Average low °F (°C)||28
|Precipitation inches (cm)||5
Cleveland is the principal city of the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Bradley and Polk counties and had a combined population of 104,015 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 37,192 people, 15,037 households, and 9,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,490.9 people per square mile (575.5/km2). There were 16,431 housing units at an average density of 658.7 per square mile (254.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.00% White, 7.01% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.87% of the population.
There were 15,037 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,098, and the median income for a family was $40,150. Males had a median income of $30,763 versus $21,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,316. About 11.3% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
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According to the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, Cleveland is home to several industries, including household cooking equipment, foodstuff, textiles, furniture, storage batteries, pharmaceuticals, industrial cleaning products, photographic processing, industrial and domestic chemicals, and automotive parts. Industry is served by the Norfolk Southern Railway.
Cleveland is the location for the corporate headquarters of Life Care Centers of America, the largest privately held nursing facility company in the U.S.
- Cleveland Middle School
- Ocoee Middle School
- Arnold Memorial Elementary School
- Ernest L. Ross Elementary School
- Donald P. Yates Primary School
- Mayfield Elementary School
- North Lee Elementary School
- Blythe Bower Elementary School
- George R. Stuart Elementary School
Numerous Christian denominations are represented in the city, including several for which Cleveland serves as the international headquarters. Denominations based in Cleveland include:
- Church of God (Cleveland) and its affiliated school, Lee University
- Church of God of Prophecy
- The Church of God (Charleston, Tennessee)
- The Church of God for All Nations
- The Church of God (Jerusalem Acres)
- The Church of God under the leadership of Bishop James C. Nabors
- Churches of Jesus Christ International
Several churches in Downtown Cleveland are of notable architecture, including the Romanesque Revival Broad Street United Methodist Church, the First Presbyterian Church on Ocoee Street, and St. Luke's Episcopal Church, which was built in the Gothic Revival style by architect Peter Williamson. All three are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Travis Beacham, screenwriter, wrote the screenplay for the 2010 film Clash of the Titans
- Stan Beaver, rockabilly musician
- William B. Breuer, author of The Great Raid and dozens of other books based on actual accounts of war.
- Anthony Burger, Southern Gospel Pianist, Played for the Kingsmen Quartet for several years and was the pianist for the Gaither Vocal Band and the Gaither Homecoming series.
- Doyle Dykes, guitarist
- Phil Driscoll, trumpet player and founder of Mighty Horn Ministries
- David Holsinger, concert band composer and conductor
- Paul B. Huff, World War II soldier and Medal of Honor recipient
- Brittany Jackson, WNBA player
- Bob Jones III, third president of Bob Jones University
- Dale Jones, former NFL player, assistant coach at Appalachian State
- W. Allan Jones, businessman and founder of Check Into Cash
- Jacques McClendon NFL offensive guard
- Darnell Mee former NBA player, and in Australia was NBL's Best Defensive Player (1999, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006) NBL's First Team (2001, 2005)
- Jeremi Richardson, member of the contemporary Christian music group, Avalon (band).
- Alvin Scott, former NBA player
- The Singing Echoes, a Southern gospel group, are from Cleveland. The group holds an annual singing on Blue Springs Road every July.
- Phil Stacey, Fox American Idol contestant; Lee University alumnus
- Steve Watson, actor and former host of Discovery Channel's Monster House
- Mark Wills, country music singer
- Vincent Yarbrough, former NBA player, currently playing for Telekom Baskets Bonn in Germany, also Cleveland High School Class of 1998.
Cleveland is the home of Tall Betsy, the official Halloween goblin of Bradley County. Cleveland's mayor, Tom Rowland, has dubbed the city the "Halloween capital of the world" due to the large number of people who travel to Cleveland each year for the MainStreet Cleveland Halloween Block Party. The event drew 25,000 people in 2005 when the Block Party was held to honor Tall Betsy’s 25th anniversary. In 1993 a Cleveland home on Centenary Avenue owned by businessman Allan Jones was the site of a Halloween world record. According to media reports, the Jones family handed out 11,201 pieces of bubblegum from 5 pm to 8 pm.
The Cleveland High School wrestling team and nearby Bradley Central wrestling team traditionally dominate the state wrestling championships. In 2013, Cleveland City Council presented a resolution honoring the Cleveland High School wrestling team and declared Feb. 25 as “Blue Raider Wrestling Day.”
The Blue Raiders earned the title of 2013 state champions for the second time in three years after winning the 2013 TSSAA Division I Traditional State Championships in Franklin on Feb. 16 and the State Duals Finals on Feb. 2.
The team was runner-up in both the duals and state tournaments in 2012, after claiming the traditional title in 2011.
- "Goodspeed's History of Bradley County, Tennessee," originally published in 1887. Transcribed for web content and maintained by TNGenWeb - Bradley County. Retrieved: 30 December 2007.
- Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Welcome to Cleveland, Tennessee!". clevelandtn.gov. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- airnav.com https://www.airnav.com/airport/KRZR
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Davis, David. "TDOT awards exit 20 project". Cleveland Daily Banner. Cleveland Daily Banner. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-30.
-  Cleveland Chamber of Commerce
- Kim Christensen, "More in middle class using payday lenders", Los Angeles Times, December 24, 2008
- "RAB Hall of Fame - Stan Beaver." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "Athens Area Council for the Arts." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "Christian Concert Authority - Phil Driscoll Interview." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "American Bandmasters - David Holsinger." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "Paul Huff: Native Hero." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "WBCA 2001 High School All-Americans." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "Lee University - Phil Stacey & American Idol." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
- "City Celebrates "Tall Betsy" Legend with Documentary". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
- City Council Honors CHS as State Wrestling Champions, Cleveland Daily Banner, Feb. 27, 2013.
- Higgins, Randall. "Cleveland, Tenn., is now sister city to... Phnom Penh?". Times Free Press.
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