The Plain Dealer
Front page of The Plain Dealer
|Editor||Debra Adams Simmons|
|Headquarters||Plain Dealer Plaza
1801 Superior Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio 44114-2198
|Circulation||271,180 Daily (As of September 2009[update])
428,000 Sunday (As of July 2008[update])
The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio, United States. It has the largest circulation of any Ohio newspaper and was a top 20 newspaper for Sunday circulation in the United States as of March 2013.
As of October 2013, The Plain Dealer had more than 537,000 daily readers and 856,000 readers on Sunday. The Plain Dealer's media market, the Cleveland-Akron DMA (Designated Market Area), is one of the Top 20 markets in the United States. With a population of 3.8 million people, it is the fourth-largest market in the Midwest, and Ohio's largest media market.
In April 2013 The Plain Dealer announced it would reduce home delivery to four days a week, including Sunday. This went into affect on August 5, 2013. A daily version of The Plain Dealer is available electronically as well as in print at stores and newsstands.
- 1 History and ownership
- 2 Awards
- 3 Pricing, distribution, circulation
- 4 Bureaus
- 5 Major sections
- 6 Style
- 7 Employees
- 8 Criticism and controversies
- 9 cleveland.com
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
History and ownership
The newspaper was established in 1842, less than 50 years after Moses Cleaveland landed on the banks of the Cuyahoga River in The Flats, and is currently owned by Advance Publications (Newhouse Newspapers). The Plain Dealer Publishing Company is under the direction of Virginia Wang, who serves as general manager, Terrence C.Z. Egger (chairman), as well as Debra Adams Simmons, who serves as editor, replacing Susan Goldberg. The paper employs over 600 people.
The newspaper was sold on March 1, 1967, to S.I. Newhouse's newspaper chain, and has been under the control of the Newhouse family ever since. The paper was previously held by the trusts of the Holden estate, and operated as The Plain Dealer Publishing Company, part of the Forest City Publishing Company, which also published the Cleveland News until its purchase and subsequent closing by its major competitor, the Cleveland Press, owned by the E.W. Scripps Company, in 1960.
On December 18, 2005, The Plain Dealer ceased publication of its weekly Sunday Magazine, which had been published uninterrupted for over 85 years. The demise of the paper's Sunday Magazine was attributed to the high cost of newsprint and declining revenue, and the PD reassigned the editors, designers and reporters to other areas of the newspaper. It also assured readers that the stories that would formerly have appeared in the Sunday Magazine would be integrated into other areas of the paper.
The morning of Wednesday, July 31, 2013, nearly a third of the newsroom staff was eliminated through layoffs and voluntary resignations. The Plain Dealer's corporate owner, New York-based Advance Publications Inc., a private company run by the heirs of S.I. Newhouse, under a strategy to focus more on online news delivery, had been cutting staff and publication schedules. Previously, in December 2012, under an agreement with the Newspaper Guild, nearly two dozen union newsroom staff voluntarily accepted severance packages. The July round of layoffs led to accusations by the Guild that management had mislead the union, by cutting more employees than had been agreed upon.
On August 5, 2013, The Northeast Ohio Media Group launched and The Plain Dealer Publishing Company was formed. Northeast Ohio Media Group operates cleveland.com and Sun News and is responsible for all multimedia ad sales and marketing for The Plain Dealer, Sun News and cleveland.com. It also provides content to The Plain Dealer, cleveland.com and Sun News. The Plain Dealer Publishing Co provides content and publishes in print seven days a week. The company also provides production, distribution, finance, information technology, accounting and other support services for the Plain Dealer Publishing Co and Northeast Ohio Media Group.
In 2005, Connie Schultz won the Pulitzer Prize for commentary. It was the first Pulitzer for The Plain Dealer since 1953. Schultz announced a self-imposed sabbatical from her column in February 2006, to work on her husband Congressman Sherrod Brown's (successful) run for U.S. Senate. Schultz returned to print in January, 2007, but resigned on September 19, 2011.
Other recent awards have included a "2003 Editor of the Year" honor for Doug Clifton, given by Editor & Publisher, the industry newsletter. E&P cited Clifton's efforts to energize The Plain Dealer's reporters and newsroom as quick and extremely successful; they had been languishing for years beforehand.
Between 2001 and 2010, The Plain Dealer's photography staff was named Staff of the Year ten consecutive times by the Ohio News Photographer's Association.
The Plain Dealer has been a consistent top-ten finisher in the Society for News Design annual "Best of Newspaper Design" competition.
Pricing, distribution, circulation
The daily paper costs $0.75 at the newsstand and the Sunday/Thanksgiving Day edition is $2.25 for newsstand. The full subscription weekly price is $4.65. These prices only apply to The Plain Dealer's home delivery area, which are the Northeast Ohio counties of Cuyahoga, Lake, Geauga, Portage, Erie, Ottawa, Summit, Ashtabula, Medina and Lorain. The Plain Dealer is however, available all over the state at select newsstands, including in the state capital, Columbus, and anywhere in the US or world via US mail service. The newspaper reported daily readership of 543,110 and Sunday readership of 858,376 as of October, 2013.
Effective August 5, 2013, home delivery was reduced to four days a week; a "premium" (full) edition on Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday, and a bonus version on Saturday. Subscribers to the three premium editions have access to a digital version seven days a week, which is an exact replica of the morning's paper. A print edition is still available every day at stores and newsstands.
The Plain Dealer operates a variety of news bureaus. In addition to its local metro reporters and columnists, The Plain Dealer operates a bureau in Columbus, at the state capital, that focuses on state-wide news and reporting. The P.D. also operates a Washington bureau that reports on national news and events, focusing on the actions of and stories relating to the Ohio delegation in the U.S. Congress.
The Plain Dealer is organized into several major sections, depending on the day of the week. The Sunday edition is, as with any major U.S. daily newspaper, the largest edition of the week. The current organization took effect August 5, 2013.
Major sections printed in most editions include:
- Includes Front Page, International and National News (including Washington, D.C.), editorial/op-ed page.
- Local and national business news, stocks, bonds.
- Cleveland and national sports news and commentary. The sports section focuses its beat reporters on the Browns, Cavaliers, Indians, Cleveland State Vikings men's basketball, Mid-American Conference football and basketball and Ohio State Buckeyes football and men's basketball.
- Includes comics (printed in full color), TV listings, and the Dear Abby advice column.
- Home, auto, jobs, other classified advertising.
- Friday! Magazine
- Weekend magazine featuring movie reviews, event calendars, restaurant reviews and other cultural/nightlife pieces. (Friday)
- Articles and stories about the latest trends in food, locally and nationally (Wednesday)
- North Coast
- detailing local trends and community stories. (Sunday)
- expanded arts section. (Sunday)
- expanded business section. (Sunday)
- Buckeye Extra
- expanded Ohio State University sports coverage. (Sunday)
- expanded editorial and opinion section. (Sunday)
- The Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine
- was discontinued as of December 18, 2005
- was discontinued and merged into Style & Taste as of July 1, 2008
The Plain Dealer employs a modern styling of a daily newspaper, but has undergone dramatic stylistic changes in the past few years to update the print edition's look. Weekday and Sunday editions regularly feature front pages with content boxes on the upper part of the page detailing news inside. The physical width of the paper has been reduced in recent years as well, a trend throughout the newspaper industry.
Executive staff and editors
- Terrance C.Z. Egger, Chairman
- Virginia Wang, General Manager
- Debra Adams Simmons, Editor
- Joseph J. Bowman, Vice President of Operations
- William Calaiacovo, Senior Vice President, Labor Relations, Human Resources, and Organizational Development
- Thomas Fladung, Managing Editor
- William V. Mickey, Vice President of Information Systems
- Howard Patterson, Controller
- Robert A. Perona, Senior Vice President, Circulation and Product Distribution
- Regina Brett
- Ted Diadiun, Reader Representative
- Brent Larkin
- Michael McIntyre
- Phillip Morris
- Kevin O'Brien
- Thomas Suddes – Ohio politics & government
- Bill Livingston – sports
- Terry Pluto – sports/religion
- Bud Shaw – sports
- Michael Heaton – "Minister of Culture"
- Sheryl Harris – consumer affairs
- Teresa Dixon Murray – personal finance
Criticism and controversies
The Plain Dealer has been criticized by liberal columnists for staking out generally conservative positions on its editorial page, despite serving a predominantly Democratic readership base. In 2004, most notoriously, the editorial board voted to endorse John Kerry. However, it was overruled by then-publisher Alex Machaskee, who ordered the board to write an endorsement of George W. Bush. Ultimately, editorial page editor Brent Larkin managed to talk Machaskee into withholding an endorsement. The news coverage is generally more neutral, with national and international news often culled from wire services, including the New York Times'.
The paper had also been accused of being too soft on Sen. George Voinovich, and in the 2004 election cycle for the U.S. Senate, not providing fair coverage, if any, to Voinovich's opponent, State Sen. Eric Fingerhut, a Democrat.
Publishing concealed weapons permit holder lists
In 2005, the newspaper twice published lists of concealed weapon permit holders from the 5 counties around Cleveland. Editor Doug Clifton defended the paper's decision, sparking a feud with a pro-carry lobbyist group. State Senator Steve Austria called it abuse of the media access privilege, saying publishing these names would threaten the safety of the men and women who obtain these permits. An Ohio gun rights group then published Mr. Clifton's home address and phone number.
"Held stories" controversy
|Wikinews has related news: Newspaper refuses to utilize leaked documents in article|
The Plain Dealer made national headlines in the summer of 2005, when editor Douglas Clifton announced that the newspaper was withholding two stories "of profound importance" after Judith Miller of The New York Times and Matthew Cooper of Time Magazine were ordered to reveal confidential sources who had provided information on Joseph Wilson's wife being a CIA operative. The decision to compel the reporters to reveal sources was seen in the news media as a license to go after reporters and newspapers in the courtroom for not revealing confidential informants and a violation of the trust between reporter and said informants. Clifton was vilified in the news media as "having no backbone" and he himself even admitted that people could refer to him as "chickenshit." Clifton told the national press that while he and the reporters involved in the story were willing to be jailed for not revealing sources, the legal department of the Plain Dealer Publishing Company was worried that the newspaper itself would be sued and strongly opposed the printing of the stories. "Talking isn't an option and jail is too high a price to pay", Clifton said.
The controversy ended when the Cleveland Scene, an alternative weekly Cleveland newspaper, published a similar story, thus allowing The Plain Dealer to print the withheld story. The story turned out to be on former Mayor Michael R. White's federal corruption probe, which was leaked to the press by an attorney on the case. The second withheld story has yet to be revealed.
Music critic sidelined
On September 17, 2008, The Plain Dealer's music critic of 16 years, Donald Rosenberg, was told by the paper's editor, Susan Goldberg, that he would no longer be covering performances of the Cleveland Orchestra. Rosenberg had been critical of orchestral performances under its conductor Franz Welser-Möst, although his reviews of Welser-Möst as a conductor of operas had been positive. Terrance C. Z. Egger, president and publisher of the paper, is also on the orchestra's board.
Welser-Möst is no stranger to robust criticism; during his tenure at the London Philharmonic Orchestra London critics gave him the nickname "Frankly Worse than Most". In December 2008, Rosenberg sued Cleveland's Musical Arts Association, the newspaper and several members of their staffs, alleging a conspiracy to have him demoted. Rosenberg dropped a number of claims against the paper in 2009, and in August, 2009, a jury rejected the remaining claims.
Shirley Strickland Saffold
In March 2010, the Plain Dealer reported that approximately 80 comments had been posted to articles on its web site by an account registered to the email address of Shirley Strickland Saffold, a judge sitting on the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas. Several of the comments, posted under the pseudonym lawmiss, discussed matters that were or had been before the judge. Although the judge's 23-year-old daughter Sydney Saffold took responsibility for the postings, the paper was able to use a public records request and determine that the exact times and dates of some of the postings corresponded to the times that the corresponding articles were being viewed on the judge's court-issued computer. The revelation led one attorney, who had been criticized in the postings, to request the judge recuse herself from a homicide trial in which he represented the defendant. Ohio Supreme Court Acting Chief Justice Paul E. Pfeifer subsequently removed Saffold from the case.
The Plain Dealer is the major news contributor to cleveland.com, the regional news, event and communication portal run by Advance Internet via Northeast Ohio Media Group. The paper does not operate its own editorial website. Northeast Ohio Media Group runs a separate website for the business side of the newspaper, including advertising. cleveland.com also features news from the Sun Newspapers, which are a group of smaller, weekly, more suburban-oriented newspapers in the Greater Cleveland metro area also owned by Advance Publications. The Sun Newspapers are the largest chain of paid weekly newspapers in the country.
In July 2010, The Plain Dealer launched Politifact Ohio, a website that analyzes issues relevant to Ohio and the greater Cleveland area. The feature is produced in conjunction with its creator, the Tampa Bay Times.
- E&P Staff (October 27, 2009). "Top 25 Daily Newspapers in New FAS-FAX". Editor & Publisher (Duncan McIntosh). ISSN 0013-094X. OCLC 1567511. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "PD By The Numbers" (PDF). Cleveland Plain Dealer. June 29, 2008. Archived from the original on September 10, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- Columbia Journalism Review (2005).  Who Owns What. Retrieved June 5, 2006.
- The Plain Dealer/cleveland.com (2010).  Debra Adams Simmons named editor; Susan Goldberg leaves The Plain Dealer.
- Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition).  Philip W. Porter, 1976. Pages 234–235.
- Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition).  Philip W. Porter, 1976. Page 10.
- "The Plain Dealer kills off Sunday Magazine", Editor and Publisher, December 2005.
- Robert L. Smith (December 11, 2012). "Newspaper Guild endorses labor agreement with The Plain Dealer". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013.
- Robert L. Smith (July 31, 2013). "The Plain Dealer executes newsroom layoffs as era of daily delivery nears end".
- The Pulitzer Prizes (2005) . Retrieved June 5, 2006.
- "It's Time To Do What Feels Right", Connie Schultz, February 16, 2006. . Retrieved June 5, 2006.
- Connie Schultz Devotes First Post-Sabbatical Column to Her Father
- Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Connie Schultz resigns from The Plain Dealer
- "Plain Dealer's Regina Brett and Diane Suchetka are finalists for Pulitzers in journalism", April 21, 2009>
- "Plain Dealer photographers named best in Ohio", February 21, 2010
- "Dear Readers: Information about The Plain Dealer's delivery schedule". The Plain Dealer. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "PD Changes" (PDF). Cleveland Plain Dealer. June 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
- The power of a publisher.
- Cool Cleveland on PD and Voinovich.
- Ohio for Concealed Carry
- "WHO HAS YOUR BACK? Journalism in the Corporate Age", Columbia Journalism Review, September 2005.
- "Keeping reporters' notes out of court", The American Editor, August 2005 – October 2005, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION. Pam Luecke, Author.
- Wakin, Daniel J. (September 25, 2008). "Music Critic vs. Maestro: One Loses His Beat". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- Lebrecht, Norman (February 12, 2004). "Franz Welser-Möst – The conductor they loved to hate". La Scena Musicale. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- Cleveland Orchestra Scandal: Update, The New Yorker blog, December 12, 2008
- "Plain Dealer reporter drops all but one claim against paper". The Plain Dealer. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Wakin, Daniel J. (6 August 2010). "Cleveland Critic Loses in Suit Over Job Change". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- McCarty, James F. (March 27, 2010). "Anonymous online comments are linked to the personal e-mail account of Cuyahoga County Common Pleas Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- Atassi, Leila (April 8, 2010). "Cuyahoga County Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold files $50 million lawsuit against The Plain Dealer and others". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- Farkas, Karen (April 22, 2010). "Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold is removed from the Anthony Sowell murder trial". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- "Saffolds dismiss lawsuit against Plain Dealer, settle with Advance Internet". The Plain Dealer. December 31, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- "The New Dealer", Cleveland Magazine, Jan 2006
- "About us – Cleveland.com"
- Tidyman, John (2009). Gimme Rewrite, Sweetheart: Tales From the Last Glory Days of Cleveland Newspapers. Cleveland, OH: Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59851-016-4
- The Plain Dealer on Cleveland.Com (Editorial Site)
- The Plain Dealer on Cleveland.Com (Mobile Site)
- Cleveland Plain Dealer (Business Site)
- Politifact Ohio
- The Plain Dealer article in the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History
- Andy Netzel (April 2009). "Critical Sinking". Cleveland Magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-17. (in-depth discussion of the Rosenberg lawsuit.)