Cleveland Metropolitan School District

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Cleveland Metropolitan School District
This is the logo of the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.
Type and location
Type Public
Grades PreK - 12
Established 1820s
Region Cleveland, Ohio
Country USA
Location 1111 Superior Ave. E, Cleveland, OH 44114
District information
Superintendent Eric Gordon
Students and staff
Students 50,000+
Colors Blue & White
Other information
District Phone Number (216) 838-0000
School Year

2013-2014

Students

August 19 - May 29

Staff

August 14 - May 30
Website http://www.clevelandmetroschools.org

Cleveland Metropolitan School District (formerly the Cleveland Municipal School District) is a school district that serves almost all of the city of Cleveland in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.[1]

CMSD is the only district in Ohio that is under direct control of the mayor, who appoints a school board. The Cleveland district is the second largest PreK-12 district in the state, with a 2012-2013 enrollment of more than 41,000 students. The mayor was given control of the city schools after a series of elected school boards were deemed ineffective by city voters. The school board appoints a chief executive officer, the equivalent of a district superintendent, who is responsible for district management.

The city's school district boasts a graduation rate over 50%, reporting a graduation rate of 56.1% in 2011.[2] That same year, 2011, CMSD had a 5 year graduation rate of 63.3%.[3] This 5 year graduation rate increased to 66.1% in the subsequent 2011-2012 school year. In 2009 Cleveland Schools had the nation's third highest high school dropout rate and graduation rate following Detroit with the number one spot.[citation needed]

In response to declining enrollment over more than a decade and the corresponding growth in charter schools in the city, the District took several steps to improve academic performance and increase graduation rates. In the 2007–08 school year, the District changed its name to the Cleveland Metropolitan School District to attract students throughout the region.[4]

The system passed a $1.2 billion school building construction/replacement bond issue, but repeatedly failed to pass an operating levy for 16 years until 2012. In 2005 and in years following, the system faced large budget shortfalls and repeated possibility of slipping back into "academic emergency" as rated by the Ohio Department of Education. CMSD's test scores showed modest improvement in writing and math scores and little or no improvement in reading scores. The district continued to improve its graduation rate over several years, increasing it from 39.5% in 2002 to over 50% of students graduating in 2004.[citation needed]and over 60% in 2012.

The former Chairman of the Board of Education, Robert M. Heard Sr., was appointed July 1, 2007 by Mayor Frank G. Jackson, and CEO's appointed included Barbara Byrd Bennett and Eugene Sanders. Current Board of Education Chair Denise Link, led the board in its current transformation efforts, including the appointment of Eric S. Gordon as Chief Executive Officer in 2011. Under their leadership, CMSD successfully worked for passage of House Bill 525, otherwise known as "The Cleveland Plan", to remove legislative barriers to school reform in Cleveland and to implement a portfolio strategy to: Grow the number of high-performing CMSD and charter schools in Cleveland and close and replace failing schools; Focus CMSD's central office on key support and governance roles and transfer authority and resources to schools; Invest and phase in high-leverage system reforms across all schools from preschool to college and career; and Create the Cleveland Transformation Alliance to ensure accountability for all public schools in the city.

Working closely with Mayor Frank G. Jackson and a coalition of concerned citizens throughout the city, Link and Gordon additionally led the district to passage of CMSD's first operating levy in 16 years in November, 2012. Major changes in the District's contract with the Cleveland Teachers Union, together with passage of HB 525 and Issue 107, paved the way in 2012-2013 for the district's most aggressive reform strategies in its history. The District moved its central office in 2013 to its current location at 1111 Superior Ave. E, Cleveland, Ohio 44114.

In 2013, Board Chair Denise L. Link won the Green-Garner "Top Urban Educator" Award, the highest honor given by the Council of the Great City Schools for significant contributions to urban schools and students. CEO Eric Gordon was a national finalist for the same award in 2012.

Demographic history of CMSD[edit]

Cleveland was hit hard in the 1960s and early 1970s by white flight and suburbanization. While the city's total population declined, Cleveland Public Schools' enrollment had increased: 99,686 in 1950, and 134,765 in 1960, and 148,793 in 1963.[5] Cleveland Public Schools financially struggled with a growing student population, and a declining tax base due to regional industrial decline and depopulation of the metropolitan and urban areas in favor of the suburbs.[5]

After World War II, middle-class jobs and families migrated to the suburbs leaving behind predominantly low-income student enrollment in the Cleveland Public School system.[5]

On December 12, 1973, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Cleveland Chapter filed suit, Reed vs. Rhodes,[6][7] against the Cleveland Board of Education in Cleveland's United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio to racially integrate Cleveland Public Schools,[8] claiming that the public schools were at least partly at fault for Cleveland's housing segregation into ethnic neighborhoods. Between August 31, 1976[7] and 1984, Chief United States District Judge Frank J. Battisti issued over 4,000 court orders including implementation of forced-busing of Cleveland Public Schools,[5] the case was appealed to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals, which by 23 Aug. 1979 upheld Battisti's earlier orders,[6] and was later upheld on appeal by the Supreme Court of the United States. Cleveland is experiencing a long term decline in population since 1950.[citation needed]

Mandatory busing was one of several factors which sped up the migration from out of Cleveland by those who could afford to.[citation needed] The administrative and operational expense of complying with mandatory busing and other federal court orders caused a dramatic increase in overhead expenditures per student, while declining tax revenues resulted in lower expenditures on actually educating public school students.[5]

In 1996, Martin Hoke, Cleveland's 10th. District United States House Representative was quoted: "Children are now bused from a predominantly black school on the east side of town to a predominantly black school on the west side of town. More than half a billion dollars[9]A[›] has been spent on desegregation activities since 1978-money that could have been used to buy textbooks, upgrade science laboratories or purchase new computers. When kids attend schools miles away from their homes, what working parent is able to attend sporting events, parent-teacher conferences, and home-room parties? Busing has contributed significantly to the decline of our urban centers."[10]

The combination of many factors resulted in declining enrollments.[5] Before mandatory busing, in 1976, minority enrollment in Cleveland Public Schools was 58%, by 1994 it was 71%. By 1996, Cleveland Public Schools total enrollment was half of what it was pre-mandatory busing.[9] In 1991, Ohio had a new proficiency test for 9th grade students, which the majority of Cleveland Public Schools students did not pass.[5] By 1994, almost 50% of the system's students were failing to graduate from high school.[5] Meanwhile, many graduates did not qualify for entry-level jobs,[5] with many employers increasingly requiring secondary or post-secondary degrees [5] due to more information technology-related jobs and other changes in the overall economy.

In March 1994, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Cleveland Chapter, Reed vs. Rhodes plaintiff, challenged the fairness of the Ohio 9th. grade proficiency test as an Ohio secondary school graduation requirement for African-American students;[11] the subsequent federal court settlement agreement(s) left the 9th grade secondary school graduation requirement intact and unchanged in 1994 and subsequently.[11] Prior to mandatory busing, Cleveland Public Schools graduation rate was 75 percent, by 1996 it had dropped to 26.6 percent.[9] Although mandatory busing ended in the 1990s, Cleveland continued to slide into poverty, reaching a nadir in 2004 when it was named the poorest major city in the United States.[12] Cleveland was again rated the poorest major city in the U.S. in 2006, with a poverty rate of 32.4%.[13]

Schools[edit]

Elementary & K-8 schools[edit]

School Name Lowest Grade Highest Grade Category
The Early Childhood Development Center Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Douglas MacArthur Girls Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Valley View Boys Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Warner-Girls Leadership Academy Pre-Kindergarten 3 Growth
Cleveland School of the Arts-Dike Campus Pre-Kindergarten 6 Growth
Adlai Stevenson Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Andrew J. Rickoff Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Anton Grdina Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Bolton Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Case Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Carl & Louis Stokes, Central Academy Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Charles W. Eliot Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Clara E. Westropp Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Daniel E. Morgan Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Franklin D. Roosevelt Academy Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
H. Barbara Booker Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Hannah Gibbons-Nottingham Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Harvey Rice Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Iowa-Maple Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Joseph M. Gallagher Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Marion-Sterling Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Mary M. Bethune Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Memorial Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Miles Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Miles Park Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Newton D. Baker Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Oliver H. Perry Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Orchard Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Patrick Henry Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Paul L. Dunbar Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Paul Revere Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Robert H. Jamison Pre-Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Tremont Montessori Pre-Kindergarten 8 Growth
Wade Park Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Waverly Pre-Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Wilbur Wright Pre-Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Almira Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Benjamin Franklin Kindergarten 8 Growth
Buckeye-Woodland Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Buhrer Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Charles Dickens Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Charles A. Mooney Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Clark Kindergarten 8 Growth
Denison Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
East Clark Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Fullerton Kindergarten 8 Refocus
George W. Carver Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Joseph F. Landis Kindergarten 8 Close
Louis Agassiz Kindergarten 8 Growth
Louisa May Alcott Kindergarten 8 Growth
Luis Muñoz Marín Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Marion C. Seltzer Kindergarten 8 Growth
Mary B. Martin Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
McKinley Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Michael R. White Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Mound Kindergarten 8 Repurpose
Nathan Hale Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Robinson G. Jones Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Riverside Kindergarten 8 Growth
Scranton Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Sunbeam Kindergarten 8 Refocus
Walton Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Watterson-Lake Kindergarten 8 Growth
William C. Bryant Kindergarten 8 Growth
Willow Kindergarten 8 Monitor Closely
Artemus Ward Kindergarten 7 Monitor Closely

High Schools[edit]

School Name Lowest Grade Highest Grade Principal
Thomas Jefferson Campus

-International Newcomers Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

Pre-Kindergarten 9 Principal varies in each academy

Rhonda A. Saegert

Danielle T. Simmons

Whitney M. Young Gifted & Talented Leadership Academy 2 12 Karen M. Byron-Johnson
Cleveland School of the Arts 7 12 Andrew J. Koonce
Carl F. Shuler Ninth Grade Academy 9 9 Lisa Williams-Locklear
Collinwood High School Campus

-College Board Academy

-Interior Design & Fashion Merchandising

-Teaching Professions Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Kevin L. Payton

Crystal Maclin

Marnisha Brown

East Technical High School Campus

-Ninth Grade Academy

-Community Wrap Around Academy

-Engineering & Science Tech Academy

-New Tech

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Byron Hopkins

Paul Hoover

Christy Nickerson

Ryan C. Durr

Garrett Morgan School of Science

-New Tech

9 12 LaVerne Hooks

Erin Frew

Ginn Academy 9 12 Clifford Hayes Jr.
Glenville High School Campus

-Health Exercise Sports & Recreation Academy

-Programming & Software Development Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Doris Redic

Teresa Conley

David Reimen

James Ford Rhodes High School 9 12 Diane Rollins
Jane Addams Business Careers Center

-Design Lab Early College

9 12 Annie McGhee

Raymon L. Spottsville

John Adams High School Campus

-College Board Academy

-Financial Services Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Donald J. Jolly

Brenda E. Washington

Damon L. Holmes

John F. Kennedy Academic Campus

-Entertainment Marketing Academy

-Interactive Media Academy

-Ninth Grade Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Samuel J. Maul

Maryum Spencer-Sims

Jason L. Tidmore

John Hay High School Campus

-Cleveland School of Science and Medicine

-Cleveland School of Architecture and Design

-Cleveland Early College School

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Edward Weber

Tianna Maxey

Carol Lockhart

John Marshall High School 9 12 Luther E. Johnson Jr.
Lincoln-West High School Campus

-Community Wrap Around Academy

-International Studies Academy

-Programming & Software Development Academy

9 12 Principal varies in each academy

Maria Carlson

Dr. Irene G. Javier

Perry W. Myles Sr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Career Campus

-Health Careers Center

-Law & Municipal Careers

9 12 Marilyn Cargile

Cynthia Hanish

William Davis

Max S. Hayes High School 9 12 Alex R. Murphy
MC2STEM 9 12 Jeffrey D. McClellan
SuccessTech Academy 9 12 Sara Kidner
Washington Park Environmental Studies Academy 9 12 Alisa Lawson-McKinnie
High Tech Academy 10 12 Stacy M. Hutchinson
High Achievement Academy

-Whitney Young students only

11 12 N/A

"Growth schools," the highest-rated group, will stay as is while gaining some extra freedom in management. "Refocus schools," are improving and will get added attention—for example, leadership training—to help continue their progress. "Repurpose schools," which face staff changes or conversion to charters to give them a jolt. The remaining schools will close, with students transferred to neighboring facilities unless they take advantage of citywide open enrollment. "Monitor closely schools," are those schools that will not be placed in a group until the 2011-2012 school year.[14]

Prior to 1998 the school board was elected. Since that time the board has been appointed by the Mayor.

Gifted, honors and advanced placement schools[edit]

History of the Gifted and Talented (Major Work) Program In October 1921, the Cleveland Public School System began its first program for gifted children at Denison Elementary School where gifted children in grades four, five, and six participated. This program was supported by the Women’s City Club of Cleveland. From 1921 to 1927, fourteen elementary and two junior high schools were established as centers for gifted children. In the decades of the 1940s and 1950s, the Cleveland Public Schools developed and articulated a program for gifted pupils from the primary grades through high school. Thus, from a modest beginning, the program, which at one time was called the “greatest experiment in education,” has grown and developed into a program that currently provides enriching educational experiences for over 2,500 children with high intellectual and/or academic ability.

Funding[edit]

Total district revenues for the 2011-2012 school year amounted to $630,981,000, with 27% of revenues coming from local funding, 58% from state funding, and 15% derived from federal funding.[15] This total revenue amounted to $15,464 per pupil. The Ohio Department of Education reports the average teacher salary for the 2012-2013 school year was $69,314, with a median teacher salary of $72,940.[16]

Overview of the Gifted Education Program in CMSD[edit]

The Gifted Education Program in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District consists of the ‘Major Work’ Program, currently in grades 2-8, and the Honors and Advanced Placement (AP) Programs in grades 9-12. There are seven PreK-8 Schools, one Grades 2-12 School, and five Grades 9-12 Schools that service gifted identified children. The AP courses vary amongst high schools.

Entrance into the ‘Major Work’ Program is based upon a 95 percentile score in the National Range in a major subject area on the Stanford 10 Group Test or the Woodcock-Johnson-III Individual Test. A Full Scale IQ score of 125 or above on the Otis-Lennon Group Test or the WISC-IV Individual Test also qualifies a child for the program.

Applications are also accepted by building administrators, guidance counselors, teachers, parents, and peers of the student being nominated. To request an application, please call the Gifted Education Office.

All teachers instructing in gifted classrooms grades 2-6 are licensed in gifted education. Teachers in grades 7-12 hold their gifted endorsement and/or are highly qualified in the content area in which they teach.

Children in the gifted program follow the same grade level content standards as their general education peers. However, there are components to the gifted program that differ. To name a few, children engage in Research Talks, Weekly Forums, Experiential Learning, and Socratic Seminars.

In order to maintain academic rigor and the social-emotional well-being of our gifted children, parent involvement is a major component of our program. Our Family Interactive Programs are seasonal celebrations open to all of our students and their families and scheduled four times each year. A parent core group also meets periodically to discuss programmatic issues at the individual school sites.[17]

Grades 2-6 Gifted Courses, Grades 7-8 Honors Courses[edit]

  • Benjamin Franklin—2-8
  • Garfield—2-8
  • O. H. Perry—2-8
  • Riverside—2-8
  • Wade Park—2-8
  • Whitney Young—2-8

Grades 9-12 Courses[edit]

Gifted Coded Students feed into these High Schools unless they apply to another special program or thematic school:

  • Collinwood
  • East Tech
  • Glenville
  • James F. Rhodes
  • John Marshall
  • Whitney Young

Advanced Placement Program[edit]

(Courses vary from school to school; check with the Guidance Counselor of each individual school for course offerings):

  • Carl Shuler
  • Cleveland School of Arts
  • Cleveland School of Science and Medicine, John Hay Campus
  • Collinwood
  • Early College, John Hay Campus
  • East Tech
  • Garrett Morgan School of Science
  • Ginn Academy
  • Glenville
  • James F. Rhodes
  • John Marshall
  • Lincoln West
  • South
  • Whitney Young
    • Note Whitney Young has grades 2-12

All gifted, honors and/or advanced placement courses taken are weighted on a 5-point scale.

      • A-5
      • B-4
      • C-3
      • D-1
      • F-0

School uniforms[edit]

The district requires all kindergarten through 8th grade student to wear school uniforms; this rule began in 2008. High schoolers are required to adhere to a strict dress code.[18] In February 2009 the school board voted in favor of a rule stating that high schoolers need to wear uniforms.[19]

New Graduation Requirements[edit]

In early 2009, Ohio Department of Education announced its new high school graduation requirements that would take effect starting with students entering ninth grade in 2010 (Class of 2014). These new requirements, requires students to take an additional year of mathematics, more business/ career tech class and less electives.

New report cards[edit]

In the 2009-2010 school CMSD introduced its new report card and progress report system. The new report cards were reduced from four pages to one page in high schools, and from four to six - eight pages for students in grades 1-8, but offered less information about students progress. Teachers, Principal, and Teacher Union Officials complained about the new system arguing teachers had to wake up at 3AM to enter grade because the system was kicking them and not allowing them to enter grades at reasonable times. Principals had problems printing report cards and saving grades. Parent and students felt the report cards showed very little information compared to the older versions. The new system was said to be sponsored by Sungard.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shaker Heights City School District." The Plain Dealer. Sunday April 25, 2010. Retrieved on November 21, 2011. "All of the city of Shaker Heights plus about 1 square mile of Cleveland around Shaker Square. H. The Cleveland portion has been part of the Shaker school district since the 1920s. Its residents pay the same school taxes as Shaker Heights residents and are entitled to use the schools and to vote in school elections."
  2. ^ "CMSD fact sheet". Retrieved 4/3/14.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "Ohio Department of Education Reports". 
  4. ^ Kleinerman, Ellen Jan (2007-02-01). "Bold plan geared to raising scores, graduation rates". Cleveland: The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-01-03. .
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Cleveland Public Schools by Edward Miggins, Cuyahoga Community College". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  6. ^ a b "Education (in Cleveland)". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  7. ^ a b "Battisti, Frank Joseph (4 Oct. 1922-19 Oct. 1994)". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  8. ^ "The National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People (NAACP), Cleveland Branch". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  9. ^ a b c "Testimony of Joyce Haws, Communications Director, National Association of Neighborhood Schools/Cleveland". Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties, Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, U.S House of Representatives. September 18, 1996. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  10. ^ "Busing Updates". Issues and Views Magazine. Fall/Winter 196. Retrieved 2008-07-17.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ a b "Proficiency Testing in Ohio -- A Summary, and Challenges to Ninth Grade Proficiency Tests in Ohio". Ohio Department of Education, on-line reprint(s). Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  12. ^ The Associated Press. "Cleveland rated poorest big city in U.S." September 23, 2004. Retrieved from MSNBC on 2007-08-01.
  13. ^ Diane Suchetka and Barb Galbincea. "Cleveland Rated Poorest City for Second Time". The Plain Dealer. (2006-08-30) Available at The American Policy Roundtable at the Wayback Machine (archived January 26, 2008). Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
  14. ^ [] Retrieved on 8 January 2010
  15. ^ "Ohio Department of Education Revenue and Expenditure Report"
  16. ^ "Ohio Department of Education Teacher Data Report"
  17. ^ [1];
  18. ^ "Dress Code." Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Retrieved on February 22, 2009.
  19. ^ "Cleveland school board adopts uniforms for high school students." The Plain Dealer. February 10, 2009. Retrieved on February 22, 2009.

External links[edit]