Cleveland Township is one of fourteen townships in Rowan County, North Carolina, United States. The township had a population of 2,817 according to the 2010 census.
Geographically, Cleveland Township occupies 28.48 square miles (73.8 km2) in western Rowan County. The only incorporated municipality in Cleveland Township is the town of Cleveland. The township's western border is with Iredell County.
Residents are served by the Rowan–Salisbury School System and the township is home to Cleveland Elementary School.
Coordinates: 35°44′21″N 80°41′17″W / 35.7391225°N 80.6881718°W / 35.7391225; -80.6881718