Cliff Gallup

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Clifton[1] E. "Cliff" Gallup (June 17, 1930 - October 9, 1988) was an American electric guitarist, who played rock and roll in the band Gene Vincent and his Blue Caps in the 1950s.

Biography[edit]

In February 1956, local radio DJ "Sheriff Tex Davis" (aka William Douchette, 1914–2007)[2] heard Gene Vincent performing at a talent show in Norfolk, Virginia, became his manager, and put together a band of local musicians to back him. These included Gallup, who had previously played in a local band called The Virginians, and who was older than Vincent and the other band members.[3] In May 1956, the band recorded in Nashville, Tennessee. Producer Ken Nelson had session musicians standing by in case the band was not up to par, but as soon as Gallup played the solos on "Race with the Devil" they knew they would not be needed.[4]

Gallup played on 35 tracks with Vincent, including his biggest hit "Be-Bop-A-Lula", and established a reputation as one of the most technically proficient guitarists in early rock and roll. As a married man, Gallup was reluctant to tour with Vincent, and left the band in late 1956, returning only for some more studio sessions that same year for the second Gene Vincent and his Blue Caps LP. In the mid 1960s Gallup made a solo album for the local Pussy Cat record label in Norfolk, Straight Down the Middle, in a more mellow instrumental style akin to Chet Atkins and Les Paul. The album is now available again, as an MP3 download. He occasionally played with local bands, while working in school maintenance. He played guitar up until the day he died. He last played in Norfolk with a group called the H-Lo's 48 hours before he suffered a fatal heart attack.

At the time of his death from a heart attack in 1988, he was the Director of Maintenance and Transportation for the Chesapeake, Virginia city school system, where he worked for almost 30 years. At the request of his widow, obituaries in local newspapers made no mention of his time with Gene Vincent and his Blue Caps. He is remembered principally for his influence on such guitarists as Eric Clapton and Jeff Beck. The latter recorded an album of Gene Vincent songs, Crazy Legs, in 1993 considered by music critics to be a tribute to Gallup[5][6] and Vincent.[7]

Gallup was ranked 79th in Rolling Stone magazine list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[8]

Gallup is a Rockabilly Hall of Fame and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee.

Guitar Technique and Equipment[edit]

His right hand playing technique is based on a flat pick in conjunction with fingerpicks on his middle and ring fingers, using his little finger to work the vibrato bar. In his short time as lead guitarist in Blue Caps he played a 1955 or 1956 Gretsch 6128 (Duo-Jet) probably fitted up with two De Armond single coil pick-ups, a Melita bridge and a Bigsby vibrato tailpiece. For amplifiers he used a Standel 25L15 (26-Watts tube amp with a single 15-inch speaker) for studio works and a Fender tweed for the remainder.[1] According to one source, Gallup's trademark sound was produced by echo units he constructed himself from old tape recorder parts,[4] but according to another source it was created in the studio by Nelson.[1]

Discography[edit]

Tracks recorded with Gene Vincent in chronological order of the recording sessions[9]

The recording sessions were all done in three series at "Bradley Film & Recording Studio", 804 16th Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee and produced by Ken Nelson :

A) One session on 4 May 1956;

B) Four sessions from 24 to 27 June 1956;

C) Four sessions from 15 to 18 October 1956.

Session 1: May 4, 1956

  1. Race With The Devil (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:02
  2. Be-Bop-A-Lula (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:35
  3. Woman Love (Jack Rhodes) - 2:31
  4. I Sure Miss You (Bill Davis - Eddie Bryan) - 2:38

Session 2: June 24, 1956

  1. Jezebel (Wayne Shanklin) - 2:23
  2. Crazy Legs (Jerry Reed) - 2:09
  3. Peg O' My Heart (Fred Fisher - Alfred Bryan) - 2:35
  4. Wedding Bells (Are Breaking Up that Old Gang Of Mine) (Sammy Fain - Irving Kahal - Willie Raskin) - 2:30

Session 3: June 25, 1956

  1. Waltz Of The Wind (Fred Rose) - 2:42
  2. Up A Lazy River (Hoagy Carmichael - Sidney Arodin) - 2:20
  3. Ain't She Sweet (Milton Ager - Jack Yellin) - 2:29
  4. Gonna Back Up Baby (Danny Wolfe) - 2:24
  5. Race With The Devil (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) (unissued / lost track)

Session 4: June 26, 1956

  1. Who Slapped John (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 1:56
  2. Jumps Giggles And Shout (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:50
  3. Bluejean Bop (Gene Vincent - Hal Levy) - 2:21
  4. I Flipped (Bobbie Carrol - Bill Hicks) - 2:24

Session 5: June 27, 1956

  1. Bop Street (Cliff Gallup - Bill Davis) - 2:24
  2. Well,I Knocked Bim Bam (Bobbie Carrol) - 2:14
  3. You Told A Fib (Cliff Gallup - Gene Vincent) - 2:20
  4. Jump Back,Honey,Jump Back (Hadda Brooks) - 2:00

Session 6: October 15, 1956

  1. Teenage Partner (version 1) (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:13
  2. Blues Stay Away From Me (Alton & Rabon Delmore - Wayne Raney - P. Henry Glover) - 2:16
  3. Five Feet Of Lovin' (version 1) (Buck Peddy - Mel Tillis) - 2:07
  4. Cat Man (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:18

Session 7: October 16, 1956

  1. Double Talkin' Baby (Danny Wolfe) - 2:12
  2. Hold Me, Hug Me, Rock Me (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:14
  3. Unchained Melody (Alex North - Hy Zaret) - 2:37

Session 8: October 17, 1956

  1. B-I-Bickey-Bi Bo Bo Go (Don Carter - Dub Nalls - Jack Rhodes) - 2:15
  2. Pink Thunderbird (Paul Peek - Bill Davis) - 2:32
  3. Pretty, Pretty Baby (Danny Wolfe) - 2:27
  4. Cruisin' (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:11

Session 9: October 18, 1956

  1. Important Words (version 1) (Gene Vincent - Bill Davis) - 2:21
  2. You Better Believe (Cliff Gallup) - 1:59
  3. Red Bluejeans And A Pony Tail (Jack Rhodes - Bill Davis) - 2:14
  4. Five Days, Five Days (Jack Rhodes - Billy Willey - Freddie Franks) - 2:36

Solo Album

Straight Down The Middle (mid-1960s, Pussy Cat label; recorded as "The Four C's featuring Gallopin' Cliff Gallup"[[10]]).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Clifton E. Gallup". Rockabillyhall.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30. Other sources, apparently incorrectly, give his first name as Clifford 
  2. ^ "Sheriff Tex Davis". The Independent (London). September 13, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ a b Richie Unterberger. "Cliff Gallup | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  5. ^ "Album Reviews and Ratings". Rolling Stone. 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  6. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine (1993-06-29). "Crazy Legs - Jeff Beck,Jeff Beck & the Big Town Playboys | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  7. ^ "Jeff Beck Interview". Djnoble.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  8. ^ "Rolling Stone 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". 
  9. ^ Book enclosed in Bear Family's Boxset Gene Vincent - The Road Is Rocky, The Complete Studio Masters 1956-1971 (2005), pg. 79-83, discography by Richard Weize, Russell Wapensky and Derek Henderson
  10. ^ "Cliff Gallup". Endless Groove. Retrieved 2014-07-30.