Clifford Leonard Clark Hanley (28 October 1922 – 9 August 1999) was a journalist, novelist, playwright and broadcaster from Glasgow in Scotland. Originally from Shettleston in the city's East End, he was educated at Eastbank Academy.
He also wrote a number of books, including Dancing in the Street, an account of his early life in Glasgow (in its contemporaneous serialisation in The Evening Times, retitled My Gay Glasgow), The Taste of Too Much, a coming-of-age novel about a secondary schoolboy (possibly semi-autobiographical) and The Scots.
During the 1960s and 1970s he published thrillers under the pen-name Henry Calvin. They were more successful in the US and Canada than in the UK.
He also wrote the words of Scotland's unofficial national anthem Scotland the Brave, and both wrote and recorded The Glasgow Underground Song - a humorous anecdote on the pre-modernisation era Glasgow Subway. A recording of this was made famous by Francie and Josie.
He wrote a number of film and TV scripts, including Between the Lines, an episode of which was described by Mary Whitehouse as the "filthiest programme" her family had seen on TV "for a very long time" at the first public meeting of the 'Clean-Up TV' campaign in May 1964. Hanley's other programme scripts include Seawards the Great Ships, The Bowler and the Bunnet, and The New Road.
Hanley is father of the artist, Cliff Hanley (born 1948), with whom he shares a name as well as a birthday.
- Joe Moran Armchair Nation: An intimate history of Britain in front of the TV, London: Profile Books, 2013, p.124