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Jazz, early years of Bebop
Smalls left Charleston with the Carolina Cotton Pickers but his career coincided with the early years of Bebop. From 1942 to 1946 he was a trombonist, arranger and also backup piano-player for band-leader and pianist Earl Hines, alongside Dizzie Gillespie and Charlie Parker, also then in the Hines band which often broadcast seven nights a week on open mikes coast-to-coast across America. Hines also used Teddy Wilson, Jess Stacy and Nat "King" Cole as backup piano-players but Smalls was his favorite. Smalls also played in the Jimmie Lunceford and Erskine Hawkins bands.
Singers, popular direction, return to jazz roots
After the inevitable post-World War II break-up of the Hines big-band, Smalls went on to play and record in smaller ensembles with his former Earl Hines band colleagues, singer and band-leader Billy Eckstine, trombonist Bennie Green, saxophonist Earl Bostic and singer Sarah Vaughan. In 1949 he recorded with JJ Johnson and Charlie Rouse. Smalls was the pianist on Earl Bostic's 1950 hit 'Flamingo' [along with John Coltrane] but had a serious automobile accident, with Earl Bostic, in 1951 "... so I laid in bed all of 1952, til March of 1953".
Recovering, Smalls shifted his musical career to serve as music director/arranger for singers Eartha Kitt, Ella Fitzgerald, Sammy Davis, Jr., Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Clyde McPhatter, Roy Hamilton and Brook Benton. He recorded Bennie Green with Art Farmer in 1956 and was, for many years, a regular with Sy Oliver's nine-piece "Little Big-Band" including, from 1974-1984, a regular stint in New York's Rainbow Room.
In the 1970s Smalls returned to jazz-recording, including four solo tracks for The Complete Master Jazz Piano Series in 1970, with Sy Oliver in 1973, Texas Twister with Buddy Tate in 1975, Swing and Things in 1976 and 'Caravan' in France in 1978.
- Feather, Leonard and Ira Gitler. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz
- Jazz Initiative "Smalls, 'Cliff' Clifton"
- Chadbourne, Eugene Allmusic biography
- Jack McCray, "For a Jazz Pianist, Jones Really Fiddles," The Post and Courier - May 29, 2006
- Smalls also recorded with them, for instance 'Off and on Blues' and 'Deed I Do' (arranged by Smalls and also featuring Cat Anderson) in 1937, when Smalls was 19
- Early Bones, Prestige 24067
- 'Bandleader Earl Bostic made a $14,000 out-of-court settlement on a suit that his ex-piano player, Cliff Smalls, filed against him for injuries sustained in an auto accident four years ago": Jet [magazine] 7 Nov 1957
- The Jazz Artist, Vol III No 1 1999: interview with Sue Terry
- with Bennie Green, Art Farmer and Philly Joe Jones New Jersey April 13, 1956
- The New York Times: Sy Oliver obituary May 28, 1988
- Mosaic MR6 140
- Yes Indeed Black & Blue NIG-48404
- By the Cliff Smalls Septet Swaggie Records/'The Jazz Makers' & also Master Jazz MJR8131
- The Definitive Black & Blue Sessions with Leonard Gaskin & Oliver Jackson BB 935-2