Clifford S. Gardner
Gardner studied at Phillips Academy and Harvard, where he earned his baccalaureate in 1944. In 1953 he earned a PhD from New York University, under the supervision of Fritz John. Thereafter he worked at NASA in Langley Field, the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of NYU, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. He was a mathematics professor at the University of Texas at Austin from 1967 to 1990, when he retired as professor emeritus..
In 1985 he won the Norbert Wiener Prize for his contributions to supersonic aerodynamics and plasma physics. In 2006 he received with Martin Kruskal, Robert M. Miura, and John M. Greene the Leroy P. Steele Prize for their work on the inverse scattering transformation method for the solution of nonlinear differential equations (special soliton modeling equations similar to the Korteweg de Vries equation). They developed a systematic approach to solving many nonlinear partial differential equations in a way similar to Fourier analysis for linear PDEs.
- "Steele Prize for Gardner". Notices of the American Mathematical Society 53 (4): 464–470. 2006.
- "Korteweg–de Vries equation and generalizations VI: Methods for exact solution". Comm. Pure Applied Mathematics 27: 97–133. 1974. doi:10.1002/cpa.3160270108. MR 0336122.