Clifton shown within Cumbria
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Penrith and the Border|
The civil parish of Clifton has its western boundary defined by the River Lowther, to the north and east lie the civil parishes of Brougham and Great Strickland, to the south is the civil parish of Lowther. The village of Clifton has a church, primary school, and a pub. Most of the hamlet of Clifton Dykes (on the C3047 road) also lies within the parish. The name of this was shown as Longchimney on the first edition Ordnance Survey map of 1897, and then as Clifton Dikes on the later second edition. The current spelling was settled on more recently.
Clifton Dykes has been suggested as the (pre-Roman conquest) centre of the Carvetti, an Iron Age and Roman-period 'tribe', one that possibly led a resistance against Roman forces in 69 A.D. under the leadership of Venutius. This is based upon the evidence of a large (c.7 acre) Iron Age enclosure discovered there, plus assumptions about its strategic importance on the Eden Valley communication routeway. However, this has been disputed: the Carvetii may have always been centred on Carlisle even before the Romans set up Luguvalium and Venutius may not have been Carvetiian.
Clifton Moor Battle
St. Cuthbert's church
The local church, St Cuthbert's, contains the graves of 10 men killed in battle of Clifton Moor. (The Scots dead are, reputedly, buried beneath a tree towards the southern end of the village). Some of the remains of St Cuthbert are also said to be languishing in the church. St Cuthbert's church contains a monument to a local benefactress, Eleanor Engayne, who died about the year 1395 ; according to the Topography and Directory of Westmorland, 1851, the manor of Clifton was given in the reign of Henry II, by Hugh de Morville, one of Thomas Becket's murderers, to Gilbert de Engayne, with whose descendants it continued till their heiress, Eleanor, in 1364, carried it in marriage to William de Wyberg.
There once were two railway stations, the 1846 Clifton station (later named Clifton and Lowther railway station) was on the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway (now part of the West Coast Main Line WCML), it closed to passengers in 1938.
Another station Clifton Moor station was on the Eden Valley Railway and opened 1863, closing in 1962. Confusingly Clifton & Lowther Station was at a hamlet known as Clifton Moor. The nearest station is now Penrith railway station.
At the boundary with the civil parish of Yanwath and Eamont Bridge where the west coast mainline railway crosses the river Lowther is Hugh's Crag Viaduct (also known as Lowther Viaduct, or Clifton Viaduct) built in 1846.
The M6 motorway now also runs through the parish.
Wetheriggs Pottery also is within the civil parish, east of the village.
- Higham, N.J.; Jones, G.D.B. (1985). The Carvetii. Peoples of Roman Britain. Stroud: Alan Sutton. pp. ix, 158, p.10. ISBN 0862990882.
- Ross, Catherine (2012). "The Carvetii - a pro-Roman community?". Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. 3 12: pp.55–68.
- Clifton , Extract from the History, Topography and Directory of Westmorland , Mannix & Co. , 1851 , via www.stevebulman.f9.co.uk
- Clifton and Lowther www.disused-stations.org.uk
- Clifton Moor www.disused-stations.org.uk
- Opening of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway Tuesday Last , The Illustrated London News , 19 December 1846 , (online reprint) , also reprinted in Nineteenth-Century railway history through the Illustrated London news , Anthony J. Lambert , 1984
- Hugh's Crag Viaduct, Yanwath and Eaton Bridge www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk
- Lowther Viaduct www.engineering-timelines.com
- History, topography, and directory, of Westmorland: and Londsdale north of the sands, in Lancashire together with a descriptive and geological view of the whole of the Lake district, P. J. Mannex, 1849, "Clifton Parish" pp. 218–219, other pages, google books
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clifton, Cumbria.|
- Cumbria County History Trust: Clifton (nb: provisional research only - see Talk page)
- Clifton, The Cumbria Directory, www.thecumbriadirectory.com
- Clifton Standing Stones www.megalithic.co.uk
- Clifton - Moor - "The Battle of" Contemporary account of the Battle of Clifton Moor by Thomas Savage, of Clifton End Farm, 1745, via edenlinks.rootsweb.com
- Clifton Tower Hall, English Heritage, www.english-heritage.org.uk