Clifton, Greater Manchester

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Coordinates: 53°31′26″N 2°19′13″W / 53.5239°N 2.3203°W / 53.5239; -2.3203

Clifton
Terraces, Rake Lane.jpg
Terraced housing on Rake Lane
Clifton is located in Greater Manchester
Clifton
Clifton
 Clifton shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD775035
Metropolitan borough Salford
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M27
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Salford & Eccles
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Clifton is a small town within the metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, it lies alongside and in the Irwell Valley in the northern part of the City of Salford. Clifton, a former centre for coal mining, once formed part of the municipal borough of Swinton and Pendlebury.

History[edit]

Clifton is derived from the Old English clif and tun, and means the "settlement near a cliff, slope or riverbank".[1] Clifton was mentioned in the Pipe Roll of 1183–84.[2]

Coal mining[edit]

Clifton Hall Colliery was situated a few yards to the west of Lumns Lane on a site currently occupied by a domestic refuse and recycling site, run by the Greater Manchester Waste Disposal Authority. It is thought that the colliery was operating by 1820, and its tramway is shown on a parliamentary plan from 1830 and an 1845 map. The colliery closed in 1929.

On 18 June 1885, an underground explosion at the colliery killed 178 men and boys.[3] It is thought the explosion was caused by firedamp igniting on contact with a candle. Blacksmith George Hindley (aged 16) and fireman George Higson, were part of a band of men who descended into the mine immediately after the explosion. They received an Albert Medal (2nd class) in recognition of their heroism.

Industry[edit]

The Pilkington's Lancastrian Pottery was established in 1892. The Chloride Electrical Storage Company opened its battery factory at Clifton Junction in 1893. Magnesium Elektron Ltd built a large factory at Clifton Junction to produce magnesium metal in 1936.

Governance[edit]

Clifton was a township in the ecclesiastical parish of Eccles in the hundred of Salford in Lancashire.[4]

Geography[edit]

Clifton lies five miles north west of Manchester on the A666 road to Bolton. The township covered 850 acres in the valley of the River Irwell, which forms the north east boundary. The Manchester and Bolton Railway line passes through and there was a junction with the line to Bury and Rossendale which opened to Rawtenstall in September 1846. The highest land rises to over 300 feet above sea level in the west of the township near the Worsley boundary and is moss land. The underlying rocks are New Red Sandstone between Clifton and Ringley while the rest of the township lies on the Middle Coal Measures of the Manchester Coalfield.[2] The remains of Wet Earth Colliery are located in Clifton Country Park.

Transport[edit]

Clifton is served by Clifton railway station on the Ribble Valley Line. In earlier times, the station was known as "Clifton Junction" from its location at the junction of the Manchester and Bolton Railway and Manchester, Bury and Rossendale Railway lines. The Bury line left the station/junction and passed over Clifton Viaduct, known locally as "the thirteen arches"[5][6] across the Irwell Valley. Clifton Junction was important in bringing workers to the three large factories in the area, Magnesium Elektron Ltd (M.E.L.), Chloride Batteries and Pilkington's Tiles. The Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal passed through Clifton. The Clifton Aqueduct carried the canal across the River Irwell.[7] and is preserved as a Grade II listed building.[6] There are plans to restore the canal for leisure use at a cost of over £50M.

Education[edit]

Clifton has two primary schools and a pupil referral unit within its boundaries:

School Locality Description Ofsted
Clifton Primary School Wroe Street, Clifton, M27 6PF Primary school 105907
St Mark's R.C. Primary School Queensway, Clifton, M27 8QE Primary school 105956
The Clifton Centre Silverdale, Clifton, M27 8GW Pupil referral unit 130007

Sport[edit]

Clifton Cricket Club plays in the Central Lancashire Cricket League. The club's ground is on Manchester Road not far from junction 16 of the M60 motorway.

Queensmere Dam off Queensway is leased from the Forestry Commission by Swinton and Pendlebury Anglers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, A.D. (2003), A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-852758-6  (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Clifton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (British History Online): 404–406, retrieved 2011-06-18 
  3. ^ Clifton Colliery Explosion: A brief description and memorial Durham Mining Museum
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Clifton", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 635–639, retrieved 2011-06-18 
  5. ^ Clifton Railway Viaduct: A brief description
  6. ^ a b Listed Building Register C - Salford City Council
  7. ^ Clifton Aqueduct on the Manchester Bolton and Bury Canal