Climate of Brazil

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Subtropical highland climate in Campos do Jordão.

The 'climate of Brazil (June–September), and in some years there are snowfalls on the high plateau and mountainous areas of some regions. Snow falls eventually in the mountains of the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Paraná and it is possible but very rare in the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and Espírito Santo. Temperatures in the cities of Belo Horizonte and Brasília are moderate, usually between 15 and 30 °C (59 and 86 °F), because of their elevation of approximately 1,000 metres (3,281 ft). Rio de Janeiro, Recife, and Salvador on the coast have warm climates, with average temperatures of each month ranging from 23 to 27 °C (73 to 81 °F), but enjoy constant trade winds. The cities of São Paulo, Curitiba, Florianópolis and Porto Alegre have a subtropical climate similar to that of southern United States, and temperatures can fall below freezing in winter.[1]

Precipitation levels vary widely. Most of Brazil has moderate rainfall of between 1,000 and 1,500 mm (39 and 59 in) a year, with most of the rain falling in the summer (between December and April) south of the Equator. The Amazon region is notoriously humid, with rainfall generally more than 2,000 mm (79 in) per year and reaching as high as 3,000 mm (118 in) in parts of the western Amazon and near Belém. It is less widely known that, despite high annual precipitation, the Amazon rain forest has a three- to five-month dry season, the timing of which varies according to location north or south of the equator.

High and relatively regular levels of precipitation in the Amazon contrast sharply with the dryness of the semiarid Northeast, where rainfall is highly erratic and there are severe droughts in cycles averaging seven years. The Northeast is the driest part of the country. The region also constitutes the hottest part of Brazil, where during the dry season between May and November, temperatures of more than 38 °C (100 °F) have been recorded. However, the sertão, a region of semidesert vegetation used primarily for low-density ranching, turns green when there is rain. Most of the Center-West has 1,500 to 2,000 mm (59 to 79 in) of rain per year, with a pronounced dry season in the middle of the year, while the South and most of the East is without a distinct dry season.

Because the South Atlantic basin is generally not a favorable environment for their development, Brazil has only rarely experienced tropical cyclones. The country's coastal population centers are therefore not as burdened with the need to prepare for cyclones, as are cities at similar latitudes in the United States and Asia.

General Climate[edit]

Climate classification for Brazil, according to the Köppen criteria.[2]

Although most of Brazil lies in the tropics, more than 60 percent of the population live in areas which are cooled either by altitude, sea winds or polar fronts. While the coastal cities of Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Salvador can get extremely hot, plateau cities such as São Paulo, Brasília and Belo Horizonte have mild climates, and the southern cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba have mild winters, but while Curitiba has a warm summer due to the average elevation of 934.6 metres (3,066 ft), Porto Alegre has a hot summer, with an average elevation of only 10 metres (33 ft).

Despite the popular image of the Amazon as a region of blistering heat, temperatures of more than 32 °C (90 °F) are in fact rare. The annual average temperature in the region is 22 to 26 °C (72 to 79 °F), with not much variation between the warmest and the coldest months. The hottest part of Brazil is the northeast, where temperatures of more than 38 °C (100 °F) are frequently recorded during the dry season between May and November. Along the Atlantic coast from Recife to Rio de Janeiro, average temperatures range from 23 to 27 °C (73 to 81 °F). Inland, on higher ground, temperatures are lower, ranging from 18 to 21 °C (64 to 70 °F). South of Rio the seasons are more defined and the range of temperatures significantly wider, with the annual average falling between 17 and 19 °C (63 and 66 °F).

Brazil's most intense rain falls around the mouth of the Amazon near the city of Belém, and also in the upper regions of Amazonia where more than 2,000 millimetres (79 in) of rain fall every year. Most of Brazil has moderate rainfall of between 1,000 and 1,500 millimetres (39 and 59 in) a year, most of it coming between December and April. The driest part of the country is the northeast, where rainfall is erratic and the evaporation rate very high, making it difficult to grow crops.

The highest temperature officially registered in Brazil was 44.7 °C (112.5 °F) in Bom Jesus, Piauí state on 21 November 2005.[3] The lowest temperature officially recorded in Brazil was −14 °C (7 °F) in Caçador, Santa Catarina state, on 11 June 1952.[4] However, the summit of Morro da Igreja, a mountain situated in the municipality of Urubici, also in Santa Catarina, recorded a temperature of −17.8 °C (0.0 °F) on 30 June 1996 unofficially.[5]

Climate by region[edit]

Southeast Region[edit]

The latitudinal position around the Tropic of Capricorn, the very uneven topography and disturbed circulation systems greatly influence the climatology of the Southeast and it is quite diverse in temperature. The annual medium temperature ranges from 20 °C (68 °F) as seen on the border between São Paulo and Paraná to 24 °C (75 °F) in the north of Minas Gerais, while in the elevated areas of the Serra do Espinhaço, Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Mar the average medium temperature can be below 18 °C (64 °F) due to the combined effect of the latitude with the frequency of the polar currents.

In the summer, mainly in the month of January, the normal average temperatures range from 30 to 32 °C (86 to 90 °F) in the valleys of the rivers São Francisco and Jequitinhonha, in the Zona da Mata (Forest Zone) of Minas Gerais, in the coastal lowlands and to the west of the state of São Paulo.

In the winter, the normal average temperatures range from 6 to 20 °C (43 to 68 °F) with minimum absolute from −4 to 8 °C (25 to 46 °F), the lowest temperatures being at the highest elevations. Vast areas of Minas Gerais and São Paulo register occurrences of frosts, after the passage of the polar fronts.

As far as the incidence of rain is concerned, there are two areas with heavy precipitation: one following the coast and the Serra do Mar, where the rains are precipitated by the southerly currents; and the other from the west of Minas Gerais to the Municipal district of Rio de Janeiro, where the rains are brought by the Westerly system. The annual precipitation total in these areas is in excess of 1,500 mm (59.1 in). In the Serra da Mantiqueira these indexes surpass 1,750 mm (68.9 in), and at the summit of Itatiaia, 2,340 mm (92.1 in).

In the Serra do Mar, in São Paulo, it rains on the average more than 3,600 mm (141.7 in). Near Paranapiacaba and Itapanhaú maximum rainfall was measured at 4,457.8 mm (175.50 in) in one year. In the valleys of the rivers Jequitinhonha and Doce the smallest annual pluviometric indexes are recorded at around 900 mm (35.4 in).

The maximum pluviometric index of the Southeast area usually occurs in January and the minimum in July, while the dry period is usually concentrated in the winter, lasting six months in the case of the valleys of the rivers Jequitinhonha and São Francisco, to as little as two months in the Serra do Mar and Serra da Mantiqueira.

Charts of selected cities[edit]

Belo Horizonte
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
296
 
28
18
 
 
188
 
28
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163
 
28
18
 
 
61
 
27
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28
 
26
15
 
 
15
 
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15
 
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13
 
 
13
 
26
14
 
 
41
 
27
16
 
 
124
 
27
17
 
 
229
 
27
18
 
 
320
 
27
18
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1]
Campos do Jordão
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
275
 
23
13
 
 
242
 
24
13
 
 
201
 
23
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90
 
22
9
 
 
76
 
19
6
 
 
47
 
18
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37
 
18
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40
 
20
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85
 
21
7
 
 
153
 
22
10
 
 
183
 
22
11
 
 
277
 
23
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]
Campinas
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
280
 
30
20
 
 
216
 
30
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162
 
30
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59
 
28
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63
 
26
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35
 
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43
 
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23
 
27
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60
 
28
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124
 
29
18
 
 
156
 
29
18
 
 
204
 
30
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [3]
Rio de Janeiro
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
114
 
29
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104
 
30
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104
 
29
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137
 
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86
 
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81
 
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56
 
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51
 
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86
 
25
19
 
 
89
 
26
20
 
 
97
 
27
22
 
 
170
 
29
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [4]
São Paulo
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
239
 
27
18
 
 
218
 
28
18
 
 
160
 
27
18
 
 
76
 
25
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74
 
23
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56
 
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43
 
22
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38
 
23
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81
 
24
14
 
 
124
 
24
15
 
 
145
 
26
16
 
 
201
 
26
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [5]
Santos
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
284
 
34
22
 
 
240
 
34
22
 
 
277
 
31
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177
 
32
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151
 
29
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112
 
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106
 
28
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93
 
30
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137
 
30
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178
 
32
18
 
 
162
 
33
19
 
 
226
 
33
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Northeast Region[edit]

The climatic characterization of the Northeast area is a little complex, and the four systems of circulation that influence the region are denominated Systems of Disturbed Currents of South, North, East and West. The System of disturbed currents of South is represented by the polar masses that reach the area in the spring-summer, acts in the coastal areas until the south of Bahia, bringing frontal and back-frontals rains. In the winter the polar masses reach even the coast of Pernambuco, while the hinterlands regions remain under the influence of the tropical mass.

The system of disturbed currents of North, represented by Convergence Intertropical (CIT), produces rain from the summer to the autumn even in Pernambuco, in the vicinity of the Raso da Catarina. On the other hand, the currents of the East are more frequent in the winter and they usually produce abundant rains in the coastal regions, rarely reaching the scarps of the Plateau of Borborema (800 m or 2,625 ft) and of Chapada Diamantina (1,200 m or 3,937 ft).

Finally, the system of currents of the West, brought by the lines of Tropical Instability (IT), occur from the end of spring to the beginning of autumn, rarely reaching the states of Piauí and Maranhão.

Temperatures are high, with annual averages between 20 and 28 °C (68.0 and 82.4 °F), maxima of around 40 °C (104 °F) having been observed in the south of Maranhão and Piauí. The months of winter, mainly June and July, produce minimum temperatures between 12 and 16 °C (53.6 and 60.8 °F) in the coastal regions, much lower in the plateau regions where temperatures of 1 °C (33.8 °F) have been recorded in Chapada Diamantina after the passage of a polar front.

The pluviosity of the area is complex and is source of concern: its annual totals vary from 2,000 mm (78.7 in) to values even lower than 500 mm (19.7 in), as verified in the Raso da Catarina, between Bahia and Pernambuco, and in the depression of Patos in Paraíba. In a general way, the annual medium precipitation in the northeast area is lower than 1,000 mm (39.4 in) - in the city of Cabaceiras, interior of Paraíba, was observed the smallest annual pluviometric index registered in Brazil, 278 mm (10.9 in)/year. Besides it in the interior of this area the rainy period is usually of just two months in the year, sometimes not coming in some years, causing then the denominated regional droughts.

Charts of selected cities[edit]

Salvador
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
112
 
29
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122
 
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145
 
30
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220
 
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231
 
27
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251
 
26
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203
 
26
21
 
 
137
 
26
21
 
 
112
 
27
22
 
 
122
 
28
22
 
 
119
 
29
23
 
 
132
 
29
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [6]
Fortaleza
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
130
 
30
24
 
 
216
 
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319
 
29
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356
 
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226
 
29
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160
 
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91
 
29
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30
 
29
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23
 
29
23
 
 
15
 
30
24
 
 
13
 
31
24
 
 
51
 
31
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [7]
Recife
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
104
 
30
22
 
 
145
 
30
22
 
 
259
 
30
22
 
 
312
 
29
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390
 
29
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392
 
28
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304
 
27
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213
 
27
21
 
 
122
 
28
21
 
 
68
 
29
21
 
 
48
 
30
22
 
 
66
 
30
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [8]
Teresina
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
130
 
32
22
 
 
210
 
32
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220
 
31
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110
 
32
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90
 
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90
 
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80
 
33
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110
 
36
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20
 
35
21
 
 
100
 
35
22
 
 
110
 
35
23
 
 
200
 
34
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]

South Region[edit]

The South region is located below the Tropic of Capricorn, in a temperate zone. It is influenced by the system of disturbed circulation of the South, which produces the rains, mainly in the summer. It is also influenced by the system of disturbed circulation of the West, that brings rains and storms, sometimes hail, producing winds with bursts of 60 to 90 km/h (37.3 to 55.9 mph). Regarding temperatures: the winter is mild and the summer is hot. The annual medium temperatures range from 14 to 22 °C (57.2 to 71.6 °F), and in places with altitudes above 1,100 m (3,609 ft), drops to approximately 10 °C (50 °F). Some parts of the southern region also have an oceanic climate.

In the summer, mainly in January, in the valleys of the rivers Paranapanema, Paraná and Ibicuí-Jacuí, the medium temperature is in excess of 24 °C (75.2 °F), and the medium temperature of the river Uruguay surpasses 26 °C (78.8 °F). The average maximum temperature stays around 24 to 27 °C (75.2 to 80.6 °F) on the elevated surfaces of the plateau and, in the lowest areas, between 30 and 32 °C (86.0 and 89.6 °F).

In the winter, mainly in July, the medium temperature stays relatively low, oscillating between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F), except for the valleys of the rivers Paranapanema and Paraná, besides the coast of Paraná and Santa Catarina, where the averages are approximately 15 to 18 °C (59.0 to 64.4 °F). The average maximum temperature is also low, around 20 to 24 °C (68.0 to 75.2 °F), in the big valleys and in the coast, and 16 to 20 °C (60.8 to 68.0 °F) in the plateau region. The average minimum temperature varies from 6 to 12 °C (42.8 to 53.6 °F) , and the thermometer frequently registers temperatures near 0 °C or below, accompanied by frost and snow, in consequence of the invasion of polar masses.

The annual medium pluviosity oscillates from 1,250 to 2,000 mm (49.2 to 78.7 in), except along the coast of Paraná and west of Santa Catarina, where the values are in excess of 2,000 mm (78.7 in), and in the north of Paraná and in a small coastal area of Santa Catarina, which have lower recordings down to 1,250 mm (49.2 in). The maximum pluviometric indexes occur in the winter and the minimum in the summer throughout almost the whole area.

Charts of selected cities[edit]

Porto Alegre
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
99
 
30
20
 
 
109
 
30
21
 
 
104
 
28
19
 
 
86
 
25
16
 
 
94
 
22
13
 
 
132
 
19
11
 
 
122
 
19
11
 
 
140
 
20
11
 
 
140
 
22
13
 
 
114
 
24
15
 
 
104
 
27
17
 
 
102
 
29
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [10]
Florianópolis
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
175
 
28
21
 
 
198
 
28
22
 
 
185
 
27
21
 
 
97
 
25
18
 
 
97
 
23
16
 
 
76
 
21
13
 
 
94
 
20
12
 
 
91
 
21
14
 
 
127
 
21
15
 
 
127
 
23
17
 
 
130
 
24
18
 
 
147
 
26
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [11]
Curitiba
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
165
 
26
16
 
 
142
 
26
16
 
 
127
 
24
15
 
 
89
 
22
13
 
 
99
 
21
10
 
 
99
 
18
8
 
 
89
 
19
8
 
 
74
 
21
9
 
 
114
 
21
11
 
 
135
 
22
12
 
 
124
 
24
14
 
 
150
 
25
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [12]
Vacaria
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
170
 
24
14
 
 
170
 
24
15
 
 
140
 
23
14
 
 
114
 
20
11
 
 
130
 
17
8
 
 
132
 
16
7
 
 
142
 
16
7
 
 
165
 
17
7
 
 
165
 
18
8
 
 
145
 
20
10
 
 
124
 
22
11
 
 
130
 
23
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [13]
São Joaquim
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
168
 
23
13
 
 
160
 
23
13
 
 
132
 
22
12
 
 
107
 
18
9
 
 
112
 
16
7
 
 
119
 
14
6
 
 
140
 
14
6
 
 
170
 
16
6
 
 
170
 
17
7
 
 
152
 
19
8
 
 
135
 
21
10
 
 
130
 
22
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [14]
Caxias do Sul
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
145
 
26
17
 
 
152
 
26
17
 
 
206
 
24
16
 
 
132
 
22
12
 
 
109
 
19
11
 
 
152
 
17
8
 
 
155
 
17
8
 
 
178
 
18
9
 
 
203
 
19
10
 
 
173
 
21
12
 
 
140
 
23
13
 
 
170
 
26
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [15]

North Region[edit]

The north area of Brazil embraces a great part of the Amazon Basin, representing the largest extension of hot and humid forest on the planet. The region has a low elevation (0 to 200 m or 0 to 656 ft) and is crossed by the Equator. There are four main systems of atmospheric circulation that act in the area, they are: system of winds of Northeast (NE) to East (E) of the Atlantic South and Azores, subtropical anticyclones, generally stable in nature; system of winds of West (W) of the mass equatorial continental (mEc); system of winds of North (N) of the Convergence Intertropical (CIT); and system of winds of South (S) of the Polar anticyclone. These last three systems are responsible for variability of the climate and for the rains in the area. With regard to temperatures, the climate is hot, with annual medium temperatures ranging from
24 to 26 °C (75.2 to 78.8 °F).

Regarding pluviosity, there is not a homogeneity as it occur with the temperature. In the mouth of the river Amazonas, in the coast of Pará and in the western section of the area, the total annual pluviometric index exceeds 3,000 mm (118.1 in) in general. In the direction NO-SE, of Roraima to east of Pará there is less rain, with annual totals in the order of 1,500 to 1,700 mm (59.1 to 66.9 in).

The rainy period of the area occurs in summer & autumn, the exception being Roraima and of the north part of Amazonas, where the maximum pluviometric indexes occurs in winter, due to influence of the climatic conditions of the Northern Hemisphere.

Charts of selected cities[edit]

Manaus
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
260
 
31
23
 
 
288
 
30
23
 
 
316
 
31
23
 
 
300
 
31
23
 
 
256
 
31
23
 
 
114
 
31
23
 
 
88
 
31
23
 
 
58
 
33
23
 
 
83
 
33
23
 
 
126
 
33
24
 
 
183
 
32
24
 
 
217
 
31
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [16]
Belém
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
367
 
31
22
 
 
418
 
31
22
 
 
436
 
30
22
 
 
360
 
31
22
 
 
304
 
31
22
 
 
140
 
31
22
 
 
152
 
32
22
 
 
131
 
32
22
 
 
140
 
32
22
 
 
116
 
32
22
 
 
112
 
32
22
 
 
216
 
32
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [17]
Porto Velho
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
347
 
30
22
 
 
296
 
31
22
 
 
312
 
29
22
 
 
206
 
31
22
 
 
118
 
31
21
 
 
39
 
30
19
 
 
23
 
31
18
 
 
202
 
33
19
 
 
87
 
33
21
 
 
185
 
32
22
 
 
207
 
31
22
 
 
333
 
31
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [18]
Rio Branco
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
281
 
31
22
 
 
278
 
31
22
 
 
248
 
31
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185
 
31
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99
 
31
20
 
 
34
 
30
19
 
 
32
 
31
18
 
 
37
 
33
19
 
 
101
 
33
21
 
 
166
 
33
21
 
 
195
 
32
22
 
 
246
 
31
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [19]
Macapá
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
300
 
30
23
 
 
347
 
29
23
 
 
407
 
29
23
 
 
384
 
30
24
 
 
352
 
30
24
 
 
220
 
30
23
 
 
185
 
31
23
 
 
99
 
32
23
 
 
43
 
32
23
 
 
36
 
33
24
 
 
58
 
32
24
 
 
143
 
31
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [20]
Boa Vista
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
25
 
33
23
 
 
18
 
33
23
 
 
31
 
34
24
 
 
89
 
33
24
 
 
213
 
31
23
 
 
321
 
30
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268
 
30
22
 
 
188
 
32
23
 
 
99
 
33
23
 
 
63
 
34
24
 
 
61
 
33
24
 
 
44
 
33
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [21]

Middle-West Region[edit]

Three systems of circulation occur in the Middle-West region: the system of disturbed currents of the West, represented by unstable events during the summer; system of disturbed currents of the North, represented by Convergence Intertropical (CIT), that produces rains in the summer, autumn and winter in the north of the region; and the system of disturbed currents of the South, represented by the polar fronts, invading the area in the winter with great frequency, producing rains of one to three days duration. In the north and south extremes of the region, the annual medium temperature is 22 °C (71.6 °F) and in the Chapadas it varies from 20 to 22 °C (68.0 to 71.6 °F). In the spring and summer, temperatures are commonly high, the average of the hottest month varying from 24 to 26 °C (75.2 to 78.8 °F). The average of the maximum temperatures of September (hotter month) oscillates between 30 and 36 °C (86.0 and 96.8 °F).

Winter is an interesting season, low temperatures occurring quite frequently. This is caused by the polar invasion, that produces the cold weather which is very common at this time of the year. The medium temperature of the coldest month oscillates between 15 and 24 °C (59.0 and 75.2 °F), and the average of the minimum temperatures ranges from 8 to 18 °C (46.4 to 64.4 °F). Minimum temperatures are sometimes negative.

The characterization of the pluviosity of the region is almost exclusively due to the system of atmospheric circulation. The annual medium pluviosity varies from 2,000 to 3,000 mm (78.7 to 118.1 in) in the north of Mato Grosso, to 1,250 mm (49.2 in) in the Pantanal mato-grossense.

In spite of this inequality, the region is well provided with rain. Its seasonality is typically tropical, with maximum in the summer and minimum in the winter. More than 70% of the total rain that is accumulated during the year falls from November to March. The winter is excessively dry, because the rains are very rare.

Charts of selected cities[edit]

Brasília
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
241
 
27
17
 
 
214
 
27
17
 
 
189
 
27
18
 
 
124
 
27
17
 
 
39
 
26
15
 
 
9
 
25
13
 
 
12
 
25
13
 
 
13
 
27
15
 
 
52
 
28
16
 
 
172
 
27
17
 
 
238
 
27
18
 
 
249
 
26
18
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [22]
Goiânia
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
270
 
29
20
 
 
213
 
29
20
 
 
209
 
30
20
 
 
121
 
30
19
 
 
36
 
29
16
 
 
10
 
29
14
 
 
6
 
29
13
 
 
13
 
31
15
 
 
47
 
32
18
 
 
171
 
31
20
 
 
220
 
30
20
 
 
259
 
29
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [23]
Cuiabá
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
216
 
33
23
 
 
202
 
33
23
 
 
174
 
33
23
 
 
123
 
33
22
 
 
53
 
32
20
 
 
15
 
31
17
 
 
9
 
31
16
 
 
12
 
32
18
 
 
57
 
34
22
 
 
117
 
34
22
 
 
159
 
31
23
 
 
199
 
32
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [24]
Campo Grande
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
243
 
29
20
 
 
187
 
30
20
 
 
145
 
30
18
 
 
101
 
29
18
 
 
111
 
27
16
 
 
44
 
26
15
 
 
45
 
25
14
 
 
39
 
27
16
 
 
81
 
27
17
 
 
130
 
30
19
 
 
110
 
30
19
 
 
229
 
30
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Subtropical climate in Brazil
  2. ^ Alvares, C. A., Stape, J. L., Sentelhas, P. C., de Moraes, G., Leonardo, J., & Sparovek, G. (2013). Köppen's climate classification map for Brazil.. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 22(6), 711-728. 
  3. ^ (Portuguese) Piauí tem a temperatura mais alta em 96 anos, Terra, November 26, 2005.
  4. ^ (Portuguese) Recordes de frio em SC, EPAGRI/CIRAM, retrieved May 15, 2013.
  5. ^ (Portuguese) Sibéria brasileira no sul do Brasil ("Brazilian Siberia in the South of Brazil"), Fantástico, July 18, 2006.

External links[edit]