Climate of Egypt

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Satellite map

Egypt has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWh). The climate is generally dry. The temperatures are hot or very hot in summer days and warm or mild in winter days, but warm in summer nights and cool in winter nights.

The thin coastal strip at the north of Egypt has the most moderate temperatures, because of prevailing Mediterranean Sea winds, temperatures range between a minimum average of 9.5 °C (49.1 °F) at night in winters, 17 °C (63 °F) at days, average minimum of 23 °C (73 °F) at summer nights and a maximum average of 31 °C (88 °F) at day in summers.

In desert regions the temperature varies greatly, especially in summer; it may range from 7 °C (45 °F) at night, to 40 °C (104 °F) during the day. While the winter temperature in deserts does not fluctuate as wildly, it can be as low as 0 °C (32 °F) at night, and as high as 18 °C (64 °F) during the day.

Some mountainous locations in Sinai, such as Saint Catherine, have cooler night temperatures more than any other location.

Sometime between March and May, a hot and dry sand storm, known as Khamasin winds, blows from the southwest.

Egypt receives less than 80 mm (3.15 in) of precipitation annually in most areas and almost never rains in summer, although in the northern coastal areas, specifically in Alexandria, the average annual precipitation reaches 200 mm (7.9 in).

Climate data for Cairo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.2
(93.6)
37.9
(100.2)
43.2
(109.8)
47.8
(118)
46.4
(115.5)
42.6
(108.7)
43.4
(110.1)
43.7
(110.7)
41.0
(105.8)
37.4
(99.3)
30.2
(86.4)
47.8
(118)
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
20.4
(68.7)
23.5
(74.3)
28.3
(82.9)
32.0
(89.6)
33.9
(93)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
32.6
(90.7)
29.2
(84.6)
24.8
(76.6)
20.3
(68.5)
27.7
(81.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14.9
(58.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.5
(76.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
26.0
(78.8)
23.3
(73.9)
18.9
(66)
15.0
(59)
21.38
(70.48)
Average low °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
9.7
(49.5)
11.6
(52.9)
14.6
(58.3)
17.7
(63.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.5
(68.9)
17.4
(63.3)
14.1
(57.4)
10.4
(50.7)
15.8
(60.4)
Record low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
0.2
(32.4)
2.8
(37)
4.4
(39.9)
9.3
(48.7)
14.5
(58.1)
18.2
(64.8)
19.0
(66.2)
13.7
(56.7)
10.0
(50)
2.4
(36.3)
0.0
(32)
−2.1
(28.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
3.8
(0.15)
3.8
(0.15)
1.1
(0.043)
0.5
(0.02)
0.1
(0.004)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(0.028)
3.8
(0.15)
5.9
(0.232)
24.7
(0.972)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 mm) 3.5 2.7 1.9 0.9 0.5 0.1 0 0 0 0.5 1.3 2.8 14.2
 % humidity 59 54 53 47 46 49 58 61 60 60 61 61 56
Mean monthly sunshine hours 213 234 269 291 324 357 363 351 311 292 248 198 3,451
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization (UN) (1971–2000),[1] NOAA for mean, record high and low and humidity[2]
Source #2: Danish Meteorological Institute for sunshine (1931–1960)[3]

General information[edit]

Alexandria
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
53
 
18
9
 
 
29
 
19
9
 
 
14
 
21
11
 
 
3.6
 
24
13
 
 
1.3
 
27
17
 
 
0
 
29
20
 
 
0
 
30
23
 
 
0.1
 
30
23
 
 
0.8
 
30
21
 
 
9.4
 
28
18
 
 
32
 
24
14
 
 
53
 
20
11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Meteorological Organization[4]
Luxor
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
23
5
 
 
0
 
25
7
 
 
0
 
27
10
 
 
0
 
35
16
 
 
0
 
39
20
 
 
0
 
41
23
 
 
0
 
41
24
 
 
0
 
40
23
 
 
0
 
39
21
 
 
1
 
35
17
 
 
0
 
29
12
 
 
0
 
24
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate Charts[5]
Saint Catherine
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
14
2
 
 
2
 
15
2
 
 
4
 
19
6
 
 
4
 
24
10
 
 
0
 
28
14
 
 
0
 
31
16
 
 
0
 
32
18
 
 
0
 
32
18
 
 
0
 
31
16
 
 
1
 
26
12
 
 
3
 
20
7
 
 
4
 
16
4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate Charts[6]
Topography map
Notable climatic features
[7]
Cities or resorts with coolest summer days
Places with least temperature fluctuation
Wettest places
Cities or resorts with warmest winter nights
Cities with most temperature fluctuation between days and nights

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weather Information for Cairo". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Cairo (A) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  3. ^ Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. "Egypten - Cairo". Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931-1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. p. 82. Archived from the original on April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  4. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Alexandria". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Luxor, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "St. Katrine, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Egypt Climate Index". Climate Charts. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 

External links[edit]