Geography of Liberia
|Republic of Liberia|
History · Politics · Demographics
Liberia is a large Sub-Saharan nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W. The country is shaped like a rectangle, with a shape similar to El Salvador. It borders the north Atlantic Ocean to the southwest (360 miles (580 km) of coastline) and three other African nations on the other three sides. The total length of Liberia's land borders is 986 miles (1,587 km): 190 miles (310 km) with Sierra Leone on the northwest, 350 miles (560 km) with Guinea to the north, and 445 miles (716 km) with Côte d'Ivoire. In total, Liberia comprises 43,000 square miles (110,000 km2) of which 37,190 square miles (96,300 km2) is land and 5,810 square miles (15,000 km2) is water, making the country slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Ohio but larger than Virginia.
Maritime Claims 
Liberia currently claims a territorial sea of 200 nmi (230.2 mi; 370.4 km).
Liberia has a mostly hilly terrain, from rolling plains along the coast to a rolling plateau and low mountains in the northeast.
Elevation extremes 
The lowest point on Liberia is at sea level on the Atlantic Ocean. The highest point on Liberia is 1440m above sea level at Mount Wuteve.
Liberia has a tropical climate. This means it is hot and humid throughout much of the year. The seasons are split into dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights and wet, cloudy summers with frequent and heavy showers.
Natural resources 
Land use and agriculture 
arable land: 3.43%
permanent crops: 3%
permanent pastures: 1.98%
other: 94.59% (2005)
Irrigated land 
30 square kilometres of Liberia's land was irrigated in 2003.
Natural hazards 
Environmental issues 
Current environmental issues 
Current environmental issues include the fact that the tropical rainforest is subject to deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity and the pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage.
Environment - international agreements 
party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Extreme points 
This is a list of the extreme points of Liberia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
- Northernmost point – unnamed location on the border with Guinea in the Sodia river immediately north of the town of Vonamai, Lofa County
- Easternmost point – unnamed headland at the confluence of the Cavally river and the Hana river, River Gee County
- Southernmost point – Kablaké headland, Maryland Country
- Westernmost point - unnamed headland immediately west of the town of Sewulu at the mouth of the Mano River, Grand Cape Mount County