Climate of Muscat

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Coordinates: 24°00′N 57°00′E / 24.000°N 57.000°E / 24.000; 57.000

Beach of Muscat

The climate of Muscat features a hot, arid climate with long and very hot summers and warm winters. Annual rainfall in Muscat is about 100 mm (4 in), falling mostly from December to April. In general, precipitation is scarce in Muscat with several months, on average, seeing only a trace of rainfall. The climate is very hot, with temperatures reaching as high as 49°C (120°F) in the summer. For sightseeing, the best time to visit Muscat is from December to March as the temperatures are moderate and pleasant, making it easy to move around. Between mid-March and October, travel is very exhausting with the average temperature between 31° C to 38° C and sunburn and dehydration are possible.[1]

Climate data for Muscat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.6
(94.3)
38.2
(100.8)
41.5
(106.7)
44.9
(112.8)
48.3
(118.9)
48.5
(119.3)
49.1
(120.4)
49.2
(120.6)
47.2
(117)
43.6
(110.5)
39.4
(102.9)
37.8
(100)
49.2
(120.6)
Average high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
26.1
(79)
29.8
(85.6)
34.7
(94.5)
39.5
(103.1)
40.4
(104.7)
38.6
(101.5)
36.2
(97.2)
36.3
(97.3)
35.0
(95)
30.5
(86.9)
27.1
(80.8)
33.31
(91.96)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
29.8
(85.6)
34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.3
(93.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.4
(88.5)
29.7
(85.5)
25.7
(78.3)
22.6
(72.7)
28.61
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
17.6
(63.7)
20.7
(69.3)
24.7
(76.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.6
(87.1)
30.4
(86.7)
28.4
(83.1)
27.5
(81.5)
24.9
(76.8)
20.9
(69.6)
18.9
(66)
24.25
(75.65)
Record low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
2.3
(36.1)
7.0
(44.6)
10.3
(50.5)
17.2
(63)
21.6
(70.9)
23.5
(74.3)
21.3
(70.3)
19.0
(66.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
4.5
(40.1)
1.6
(34.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.8
(0.504)
24.5
(0.965)
15.9
(0.626)
17.1
(0.673)
7.0
(0.276)
0.9
(0.035)
0.2
(0.008)
0.8
(0.031)
0.0
(0)
1.0
(0.039)
6.8
(0.268)
13.3
(0.524)
100.3
(3.949)
 % humidity 63 64 58 45 42 49 60 67 63 55 60 65 57.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 268.6 244.8 278.3 292.5 347.4 325.7 277.7 278.6 303.9 316.9 291.9 267.0 3,493.3
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Factors[edit]

Muscat being located in the Arabian peninsula features long and very hot summers similar to that of any Middle Eastern country. Rainfall in the city is very rare, mostly falling during winter months.

  • Shamal winds occur in Muscat during summer months. They are very dusty and remain at peak in the morning but decrease at night.[3]
  • Sandstorm or Dust storm are phenomenon which affect Muscat rarely during summer months.[4][5]
  • Westerly winds bring winter showers to many parts of Oman including Muscat, coming from the Mediterranean or North Africa.[6]
  • The Southwest Monsoon only affects the Dhofar region of Oman where light rainfall occurs but upper parts of Oman including Muscat remain dry during this period.

Extreme weather events[edit]

The most extreme weather events in Oman are tropical storms that form in the Arabian sea. Following is the list of tropical storms that affected Oman, including Muscat, during the 21st century.

  • In 2007, a category 5 Cyclone Gonu caused squally winds and rains to the city of Muscat.[7]
  • In 2010, a category 4 Cyclone Phet brought massive flooding to Muscat during early June.[8]

References[edit]