Climate of Tamil Nadu

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Daytime view of an almost lifeless expanse, dry rocks and sand marked only by the odd lone shrub. The dry terrain reaches to a chain of mountains in the far distance, near the horizon. A bank of clouds soars above the void, but it does not appear to hold the promise of rain. A far darker, larger, more turgid cloud bank sits above the distant mountains, above the horizon.
A semi-arid wasteland near Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu. Monsoon clouds dump torrents of rain on lush forests only kilometres away in windward-facing Kerala. The Agasthyamalai Range mostly stops them from reaching Tirunelveli.
Late daytime view looking far out over an ocean from a beach, which is out of view off the bottom margin. Three-fourths of the shot features a sky marked by heavy cloud cover, which is parting near the middle, revealing a dazzlingly bright cerulean blue sky that darkens near the margins. The ocean is striated with waves coming in parallel to the horizon.
Late-season monsoonal sunset, Coromandel Coast

The Climate of Tamil Nadu, India is generally tropical and features fairly hot temperatures over the year except during the monsoon season.

History[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification the greater part of Tamil Nadu falls under Tropical savanna climate and a smaller portions of the state falls under Humid subtropical climate; the climate of the state ranges from dry sub-humid to semi-arid. Tamil Nadu is heavily dependent on monsoon rains, and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail.

Seasons[edit]

Summer[edit]

The hot weather sets in and lasts until the middle of June. The highest temperature is often registered in May which is the hottest month in the state. The hot winds of the plains blow during April and May with an average velocity of 8–16 km/hour. These hot winds greatly affect human comfort during this season.

Winter[edit]

The cold weather commences early in November and comes to an end in the middle of March.The climate in the cold weather is pleasant. The days are bright and warm and the sun is not too hot.

As soon as the sun sets the temperature falls and the heat of the day yields place to a sharp bracing cold.

Monsoon[edit]

The state has three distinct periods of rainfall: advance rainfall ; the South West monsoon from June to September, with strong southwest winds; and the North East monsoon from October to December, with dominant northeast winds. The dry season from January to May.

The normal annual rainfall of the state is about 945 mm (37.2 in) of which 48% is through the North East monsoon,and 32% through the South West monsoon. Since the state is entirely dependent on rains for recharging its water resources, monsoon failures lead to acute water scarcity and severe drought.

Tamil Nadu is classified into seven aggro-climatic zones: north-east, north-west, west, southern, high rainfall, high altitude hilly,and Cauvery Delta (the most fertile agricultural zone). The table below shows the maximum and minimum temperatures that the state experiences in the plains and hills.

Tamil Nadu has rain during the monsoon season due to the south west trade winds which blow towards the northern hemisphere. Tamil Nadu receives rainfall in the winter season due to north-west trade winds.

Statistics[edit]

Temperature[edit]

Average temperatures in various cities of Tamil Nadu (°C)[1][2][3][4]
Winter
(Jan – Feb)
Summer
(Mar – May)
Monsoon
(Jun – Sep)
Post-monsoon
(Oct – Dec)
Year-round
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg
Chennai
Coimbatore
Madurai

Precipitation[edit]

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Average precipitation in various cities of Tamil Nadu (mm)[1][2][3][4]
Winter
(Jan – Feb)
Summer
(Mar – May)
Monsoon 1
(Jun – Sep)
Monsoon 2
(Oct – Dec)
Year-round
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Chennai
Coimbatore
Madurai

Disasters[edit]

Floods[edit]

Cyclones[edit]

2004 Asian Tsunami Disaster[edit]

Earthquakes[edit]

Drought & Famine[edit]

Pollution[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Country Guide: India". BBC Weather. Retrieved 2007-03--.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Weatherbase". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2007-03--.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ a b "Wunderground". Weather Underground. Retrieved 2007-03--.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ a b "Weather.com". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2007-03--.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)