Geography of Western Sahara
|Geography of Western Sahara|
|• Total||266,000 km2 (103,000 sq mi)|
|Coastline||1,110 km (690 mi)|
(Algeria 42 km, Mauritania 1,561 km, Morocco 443 km)
|Highest point||unnamed elevation
|Lowest point||Sebjet Tah, -55 m|
Total: 266,060 km², about the size of Colorado
- land: 266,000 km²
- water: 0 km²
- Saguia el-Hamra is the northern third with the city El Aaiún.
- Río de Oro is the southern two-thirds (south of Cape Bojador), with the city Dakhla.
Maritime claims: contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue
The terrain is mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast.
phosphates, iron ore, fishing resources on Atlantic Ocean coast
Arable land: 0.02%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.98% (2005)
Irrigated land: NA km²
Hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility. Flash flooding occurs during spring months.
Western Sahara has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Annual average rainfall is below 50 mm (1,96 in) everywhere. Along the Atlantic coast, averages high and low temperatures are constant and very moderated throughout the year because cool offshore ocean currents considerably cool off the climate, especially during the day. However, summertime is long and extremely hot and wintertime is short and very warm to truly hot further in the interior, where cooling marine influences aren't felt anymore. Averages high temperatures exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in summer during a prolonged period of time but can reach as high as 50 °C (122 °F) or even more in places such as Smara, Tichla, Bir Gandus, Bir Anzarane, Aghouinite, Aousserd and others. Averages high temperatures exceed 20 °C (68 °F) in winter but averages low temperatures can drop to 7 °C (44.6 °F) in some places. The sky is usually clear and bright throughout the year and sunny weather is the norm.
Sparse water and lack of arable land.
This is a list of the extreme points of Western Sahara, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
- Northern-most points – the border with Morocco*
- Eastern-most points – the northern section of the border with Mauritania/Algeria**
- Southernmost point – the southern tip of Ras Nouadhibou/(Cap Blanc)
- Westernmost point - Cape Dubouchage on Ras Nouadhibou
- *Note: Western Sahara does not have a northern-most point, the border being formed by a straight horizontal line
- **Note: Western Sahara does not have an eastern-most point, the border being formed by a straight vertical line