Clinton, New Jersey
|Clinton, New Jersey|
|Town of Clinton|
The Historic Red Mill of Clinton
Map of Clinton in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clinton, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 5, 1865|
|Named for||DeWitt Clinton|
|• Mayor||Janice Kovach (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Clerk||Cecilia Covino|
|• Total||1.417 sq mi (3.670 km2)|
|• Land||1.338 sq mi (3.465 km2)|
|• Water||0.079 sq mi (0.205 km2) 5.59%|
|Area rank||459th of 566 in state
18th of 26 in county
|Elevation||194 ft (59 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2013)||2,696|
|• Rank||459th of 566 in state
18th of 26 in county
|• Density||2,032.6/sq mi (784.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||290th of 566 in state
3rd of 26 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||908 exchanges: 238, 328, 713, 730, 735|
|GNIS feature ID||0885189|
Clinton is a town in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States, located on the South Branch of the Raritan River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 2,719, reflecting an increase of 87 (+3.3%) from the 2,632 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 578 (+28.1%) from the 2,054 counted in the 1990 Census.
Clinton was incorporated as a town by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 5, 1865, within portions of Clinton, Franklin and Union Townships. Clinton gained full independence from its three parent townships in 1895.
The town is perhaps best known for its two mills which sit on opposite banks of the South Branch Raritan River. The Red Mill, with its historic village, dates back to 1810 with the development of a mill for wool processing. Across the river sits the Stone Mill, home of the Hunterdon Art Museum for Contemporary Craft and Design, located in a former gristmill that had been reconstructed in 1836 and operated continuously until 1952, when a group of local residents conceived of a plan to convert the historic building into a museum.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Economy
- 8 Tourism and points of interest
- 9 References in popular culture
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Gallery
- 12 References
- 13 External links
|Population sources: 1870-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,719 people, 1,057 households, and 727.2 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,032.6 per square mile (784.8/km2). There were 1,098 housing units at an average density of 820.8 per square mile (316.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.52% (2,434) White, 1.32% (36) Black or African American, 0.22% (6) Native American, 6.66% (181) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.63% (17) from other races, and 1.66% (45) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.22% (169) of the population.
There were 1,057 households, of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the town, 26.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $83,850 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,019) and the median family income was $109,375 (+/- $19,698). Males had a median income of $62,697 (+/- $9,258) versus $67,014 (+/- $13,316) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $43,354 (+/- $4,395). About 2.6% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,632 people, 1,068 households, and 724 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,916.0 people per square mile (741.8/km2). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 797.1 per square mile (308.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.06% White, 1.33% African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.10% of the population.
There were 1,068 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $78,121, and the median income for a family was $88,671. Males had a median income of $61,442 versus $46,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,463. About 0.4% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.
Clinton is located at United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.417 square miles (3.670 km2), of which, 1.338 square miles (3.465 km2) of it was land and 0.079 square miles (0.205 km2) of it (5.59%) was water.(40.63681,-74.915205). According to the
Clinton is considered an exurb of New York City, as Hunterdon County lies on the western fringe of the New York City Metropolitan Area, which is mainly rural with scattered housing developments and old farm homes. Clinton is part of the Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area of Middlesex, Somerset and Hunterdon counties in New Jersey. It serves as a "bedroom community" for many commuters working in and around Northern New Jersey and New York City, often younger residents who have supplanted long-time residents of Clinton.
|Climate data for Clinton, New Jersey|
|Record high °F (°C)||74.0
|Average high °F (°C)||36.8
|Average low °F (°C)||18.4
|Record low °F (°C)||−18.0
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.78
|Source: <Flemington 5 NNW Weather Station= >FLEMINGTON 5 NNW Weather station (2009). "Clinton, NJ Weather". Clinton, NJ Weather Data. Open Publishing. Retrieved 1 December 2009.|
Clinton falls under the 'Northern New Jersey' climate zone. According to the Office of the New Jersey State Climatologist at Rutgers University, the Northern climate zone covers about one-quarter of New Jersey and consists mainly of elevated highlands and valleys which are part of the Appalachian Uplands. Surrounded by land, this region can be characterized as having a continental climate with minimal influence from the Atlantic Ocean, except when the winds contain an easterly component. Prevailing winds are from the southwest in summer and from the northwest in winter. Being in the northernmost portion of the state, and with small mountains up to 1,800 feet (550 m) in elevation, the Northern Zone normally exhibits a colder temperature regime than other climate regions of the State of New Jersey. This difference is most dramatic in winter when average temperatures in the Northern Zone can be more than ten degrees Fahrenheit cooler than in the Coastal Zone. Annual snowfall averages 40 to 50 inches (1,300 mm) in the northern zone as compared with an average of 10-15 inches in the extreme south.
Clinton is governed under the Town form of government with a mayor and a six-member Town Council. The Mayor is directly elected by the voters to a four-year term of office. Members of the Town Council are elected to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The governing body is chosen at-large in partisan elections held as part of the November general election. The primary responsibilities of the Council are to serve as the legislative body of the town, approve the annual budget presented by the Mayor, approve payment of bills and serve as Liaisons to several Boards and Committees.
As of 2014[update], the mayor of Clinton Town is Democrat Janice Kovach, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2015. Members of the Clinton Town Council are Ken Carberry (R, 2014; elected in 2012 to an unexpired two-year term), Al Rylak (R, 2016; appointed in September 2013 to fill the vacancy of Megan Jones-Holt, who in turn had been appointed in February 2013 to fill the vacancy of Rich Duffy), Marty Pendergast (2014), Daniel Shea (R, 2015), Robert Smith (R, 2016) and Beth Sosidka (R, 2015).
Clinton Fire Department (CFD) is located on the corner of New Street / Old Route 22 in Clinton. About 15% of the department's calls annually involve actual fire, while the rest of the CFD's calls are roughly broken down to 15% motor vehicle accidents, 15% hazardous conditions, 5% service calls, 25% good intent calls with no fire found and 25% alarm activations/false alarms, averaging about 190 calls annually. The department offers three types of membership namely Active firefighter, Junior firefighter and Associate membership to prospective members. The department runs mutual aid calls with Annandale Hose Company, High Bridge Fire Department, Quakertown Fire Company, Lebanon Fire Company and Pattenburg Fire Company and other fire departments in Hunterdon Country, which have become an invaluable resource for large incidents. The Division of Fire is a municipal fire department and is responsible for all fire related incidents in the Township. The personnel are provided by the all-volunteer Annandale Hose Company #1. There are two fire stations. One is located at #68 Beaver Avenue and the second is located at #1215 Route 31 South. Our apparatus consists of four (4) engines, two (2) command vehicles, one (1) tower ladder, one (1) tanker, and two (2) brush trucks. We cover an area of over 30 square miles and respond to around 500 incidents each year. We have over forty-five (45) active members who respond to calls. Each new member is trained to State Firefighter standards, and equipped to meet national standards. Our members put in hundreds of hours each year in classes, training and drills. They are always seeking volunteers not only for firefighting but also for other administrative duties. Clinton, New Jersey. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. As of 2015[update], Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016), J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015), John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016) and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2017). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017), Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016) and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,671 registered voters in Clinton, of which 439 (26.3%) were registered as Democrats, 529 (31.7%) were registered as Republicans and 700 (41.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 49.4% of the vote (704 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 48.7% (694 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (17 votes), among the 1,426 ballots cast by the town's 1,732 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 54.8% of the vote (761 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 44.0% (611 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (12 votes), among the 1,389 ballots cast by the town's 1,671 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.1.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.5% of the vote (620 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 27.7% (284 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.5% (97 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (7 votes), among the 1,025 ballots cast by the town's 1,711 registered voters, yielding a 59.9% turnout.
Clinton-Glen Gardner School District is school district based in the Town of Clinton, that serves students from Clinton Town and Glen Gardner Borough in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at Clinton Public School. Before Glen Gardner, a non-operating district, was consolidated into the district, students from the borough had attended the district's school as part of a sending/receiving relationship. Other students attend the school on a tuition basis. Formerly known as the Town of Clinton School District, the district's board of education voted in November 2009 to revise the name to Clinton-Glen Gardner School District to reflect the merger. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 496 students and 41.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.84:1.
Students from Clinton in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves Clinton, as well as students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the town had a total of 12.21 miles (19.65 km) of roadways, of which 8.72 miles (14.03 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.00 miles (0 km) by Hunterdon County and 3.49 miles (5.62 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The Town of Clinton is situated off Route 31, which is in turn off of Interstate 78/U.S. Route 22 via Exits 16 and 17. Route 173 and County Road 513 run through the center of town. Convenient access to Interstate 78 provides Clinton with a convenient route to and from New York City and the Lehigh Valley in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia can also be easily accessed from Clinton via NJ Route 31 to Interstate 95 South.
Trans-Bridge Lines offers buses on a route that provides service from Allentown and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and New York City-area airports at a stop at the park-and-ride on Route 31 in Clinton. Limited NJ Transit Rail is also accessible at the Annandale station on the Raritan Valley Line.
Public transportation is very limited. The LINK, which serves Hunterdon County is the only traditional, publicly funded mode of transportation. Fares range from about $2.00 to $10.00. Funding for operation of the Hunterdon County LINK System is provided by Hunterdon County, New Jersey Transit and the Federal Transit Administration.
Tourism and points of interest
- The Red Mill is located on the South Branch of the Raritan River in the town center of Clinton. Built in 1810, the Red Mill originally served as a woolen mill. Over the next 100 years, the Mill was used at different times to process grains, plaster, talc and graphite. The Mill was also used to produce peach baskets, as well as to generate electricity and pump water for the town. Every October, The mill is transformed into a haunted house given the title, the Haunted Mill. The Haunted Mill tends to attract visitors from all over the east coast to the small town. The Red Mill was featured on an episode of Ghost Hunters in 2008.
- The Hunterdon Art Museum (7 Lower Center Street) is located in a mill established in 1836, and offers exhibitions of contemporary art, craft and design, docent tours and over 200 education programs for adults and children.
- Landsdown Trail, a spur line constructed for the Lehigh Valley Railroad in 1881 that is now a graded rail trail starting about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Clinton on Landsdown Road that enters Clinton town center near the lumber yard.
- Spruce Run Recreation Area (Van Syckel’s Road, Clinton, NJ): 1,961 acres (7.94 km2), picnicking, boating, fishing and seasonal camping. Open year-round.
- Round Valley Recreation Area (Lebanon-Stanton Road, Lebanon, NJ) offers wilderness camping, beaches, trails, fishing and boating.
References in popular culture
- Several movies have used the town as a backdrop, including In and Out with Kevin Kline, One True Thing with Renée Zellweger and Meryl Streep, My Giant with Billy Crystal, and Turbulence with Ray Liotta.
- The town was featured on The Daily Show, which interviewed a local resident who was campaigning to have the town's name changed to Reagan after the Republican President of the United States Ronald Reagan, during the Clinton Administration.
- The CBS-TV daytime drama As The World Turns taped scenes at businesses along Main Street in 2008 and 2009.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clinton include:
- John T. Bird (1829–1911), represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 1869 to 1873.
- Anna Case (1888–1984), soprano who recorded with Thomas Edison.
- James Valenti (born 1977), operatic tenor.
- Sharon van Etten (born 1981), singer, songwriter.
- Foster McGowan Voorhees (1856-1927), Governor of New Jersey from 1899 to 1902.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clinton, New Jersey.|
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- Town Clerk, Town of Clinton. Accessed November 14, 2012.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of Clinton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clinton town, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clinton town, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 14, 2012.
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- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 266, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Clinton township was formed from Lebanon in 1838. Its population in 1850 was 2,369; in 1860 including the village of Clinton 2,949; and in 1870, 3,134. This village was formerly called Hunt's Mills, from an early proprietor, in consequence of its valuable water power. It is beautifully diversified with hills, was incorporated as a borough in 1865, and contained in 1870, 785 inhabitants."
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- Sclafani, Tony. "11:15 A.M.", Courier News, June 26, 2001. Accessed July 21, 2011. "Godown, 61, who just returned from a breakfast with Hunterdon County's police chiefs in Clinton, parks his cruiser beside the police department's door and steps inside the tiny, sparklingly clean headquarters.... It's very quiet Godown says about the borough where he's been chief for more than a decade He says many older residents have gone and been replaced by younger adults turning the 1squaremile town into more of a bedroom community."
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|last1=in Authors list (help)
- Mayor, Town of Clinton. Accessed September 2, 2013.
- Kiriluk-Hill, Renée. "New Clinton Mayor Janice Kovach is sworn in by state Sen. Barbara Buono", Hunterdon County Democrat, January 4, 2012. Accessed September 14, 2013. "Janice Kovach, a Democrat, was sworn in to a four-year term as mayor at a standing-room-only Town Council reorganization meeting on Monday, Jan. 2."
- Town Council, Town of Clinton. Accessed October 20, 2013.
- O'Brien, Walter. "Clinton Town swears in two councilmen; appoints professionals", Asbury Park Press, January 6, 2011. Accessed March 13, 2011. "Incumbent Republican Councilman Richard Duffy and Republican Robert Smith, returning to council for the first time since 2003, were sworn in Tuesday to the six-member town council for three-year terms. Duffy first joined the council in March 2008 replacing John Harrison, who passed away in February 2008. Former Councilman Todd Pender did not run for re-election."
- Staff. "Republicans win big in Clinton, High Bridge, Clinton Township", Hunterdon Review, November 6, 2012. Accessed September 14, 2013. "In Clinton, the Republicans won across the board for three open seats on Town Council. Republican and first-time candidate Ken Carberry won out over incumbent Democrat Brad Cohen for an unexpired two-year term, 52 percent to 48 percent. Republican Councilman Daniel Shea and first-time candidate and Republican Beth Sosidka garnered the two open three-year seats on council over former Interim Mayor and Democrat Richard Miller and first-time-candidate and Democrat Debra Schaffer."
- Kiriluk-Hill, Renée. "Jones-Holt appointed to Clinton Town Council", Hunterdon County Democrat, February 11, 2013. Accessed September 14, 2013. "Megan Jones-Holt, a businesswoman, active volunteer and wife of Freeholder Matt Holt, has been appointed to Town Council. She fills a vacancy created by the resignation last month of Rich Duffy, who moved to Connecticut because of a job transfer."
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- Clinton Town School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 25, 2014. "Clinton Public School is a Pre-Kindergarten through Grade Eight school located in the historic Town of Clinton in Hunterdon County. The school serves approximately 500 students from the Town of Clinton and the Borough of Glen Gardner."
- Letter dated November 30, 2009, Clinton Public School. Accessed May 23, 2013. "Previously named the Town of Clinton Board of Education and Town of Clinton School District, the passing of the by-law changed the names to be The Clinton-Glen Gardner Board of Education and The Clinton-Glen Gardner School District.... This change occurred as a result of the State government's June 30, 2009 passing of PL 2009 c. 78 which required the elimination of non-operating school districts and the creation of a merged district between the non-operating and receiving school."
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- About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed May 22, 2013. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
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- Slusher, Jon. "Clinton Towne Restaurant celebrates 30th anniversary", Hunterdon Review, June 4, 2009. Accessed September 2, 2013. "Last year, the soap opera As the World Turns filmed in downtown Clinton and used a section of the restaurant as an area for the actors to get dressed and put on their make-up."
- John Taylor Bird, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 17, 2007.
- Reich, Ronni. "NJ tenor James Valenti sings at the Richard Tucker Gala", The Star-Ledger, November 15, 2010. Accessed February 18, 2011. "Originally from Summit, Valenti grew up primarily in Clinton. (He now lives in Palm Beach, Fla.)"
- Proctor, Owen. "Nutley native Sharon Van Etten releases third album, gets national attention", The Nutley Sun, July 9, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2014. "Like her parents, the Nutley community was supportive of her early music education, she said. Her family later moved to Clinton."
- New Jersey Governor Foster McGowan Voorhees, National Governors Association. Accessed August 27, 2013.
- Clinton Town website
- Town information from Hunterdon County web site
- Clinton Public School website
- Clinton Public School's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Clinton Public School, National Center for Education Statistics
- North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District
- Clinton Fire Department
- Clinton Guild website
- Hunterdon Land Trust Alliance