Clinton County, Illinois

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Clinton County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Carlyle
Largest city Breese
Area
 • Total 503.27 sq mi (1,303 km2)
 • Land 474.08 sq mi (1,228 km2)
 • Water 29.19 sq mi (76 km2), 5.80%
Population
 • (2010) 37,762
 • Density 77/sq mi (29.8/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.clintonco.illinois.gov

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 37,762, which is an increase of 6.3% from 35,535 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Carlyle.[2] In 1960, the U.S. Census Bureau placed the mean center of U.S. population in Clinton County.[3]

Clinton County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area.

History[edit]

In 1805, prior to the establishment of the county, the territorial government established a post road from its capital (Vincennes, Indiana) to St. Louis, Missouri, passing through the county.[4] In 1808 a wagon road was laid out through what is now Clinton County. The road extended from the Goshen Settlement to the Ohio salt works and crossed the Kaskaskia River at Carlyle.[5]

Clinton County was organized in 1824 out of Washington, Fayette, and Bond Counties. It was named in honor of the seventh Governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton, who helped build the Erie Canal.[6]

Crossing the Kaskaskia became much easier when the bridge now known as the General Dean Suspension Bridge was built in 1859, at a cost of $40,000.[7] Before the bridge was constructed travelers had been forced to cross by ferry or over a mud bridge.[8][9] The Illinois General Assembly set aside $20,000 for bridge restoration in 1951 and in 1953 the bridge was named after William F. Dean.[7]

Carlyle, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
36
19
 
 
2.4
 
43
23
 
 
3.8
 
54
33
 
 
3.9
 
65
43
 
 
4.2
 
75
53
 
 
4.4
 
84
62
 
 
3.7
 
88
67
 
 
2.8
 
86
65
 
 
3.1
 
79
57
 
 
3
 
68
45
 
 
3.8
 
54
35
 
 
3.2
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 503.27 square miles (1,303.5 km2), of which 474.08 square miles (1,227.9 km2) (or 94.20%) is land and 29.19 square miles (75.6 km2) (or 5.80%) is water.[11] Eldon Hazlet State Recreation Area and South Shore State Park are in Clinton County. Its southern border is the Kaskaskia River.

Climate and weather[edit]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carlyle have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.17 inches (55 mm) in January to 4.44 inches (113 mm) in June.[10]

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

School districts[edit]

  • Carlyle Community Unit School District 1
  • Patoka Community Unit School District 100
  • Sandoval Community Unit School District 501
  • Wesclin Community Unit School District 3
  • Central Community High School, Breese
  • Mater Dei Catholic High School, Breese

Political districts[edit]

  • Illinois' 19th congressional district
  • State House District 102
  • State House District 107
  • State House District 115
  • State Senate District 51
  • State Senate District 54
  • State Senate District 58

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,330
1840 3,718 59.6%
1850 5,139 38.2%
1860 10,941 112.9%
1870 16,285 48.8%
1880 18,714 14.9%
1890 17,411 −7.0%
1900 19,824 13.9%
1910 22,832 15.2%
1920 22,947 0.5%
1930 21,369 −6.9%
1940 22,912 7.2%
1950 22,594 −1.4%
1960 24,029 6.4%
1970 28,315 17.8%
1980 32,617 15.2%
1990 33,944 4.1%
2000 35,535 4.7%
2010 37,762 6.3%
Est. 2012 38,061 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[13]
2000 census age pyramid for Clinton County

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 35,535 people, 12,754 households, and 9,221 families residing in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 13,805 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.19% White, 3.91% Black or African American, 0.33% Asian, 0.16% Native American,0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 1.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 62.1% were of German and 11.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.8% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.0% German as their first language.

There were 12,754 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,618, and the median income for a family was $52,580. Males had a median income of $36,035 versus $23,506 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,109. About 4.60% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.80% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General references
Specific references
  1. ^ "Clinton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ Douglas K. Meyer (2000). Making the Heartland Quilt. SIU Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8093-2289-7. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  5. ^ "" 1913 Commercial History of Clinton County, Illinois from clinton.ilgenweb.net. Retrieved 10 NOV 2010
  6. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Attractions & Outdoor Recreation, City of Carlyle, Official site
  8. ^ "Suspension Bridge, Spanning Kaskaskia River, Carlyle, Clinton, IL". Historic American Buildings Survey. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  9. ^ Plaque on site, Photograph of plaque at Bridgemeister.
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carlyle, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  11. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°37′N 89°25′W / 38.61°N 89.42°W / 38.61; -89.42