Clinton County, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clinton County, Iowa
August 31, 2006 925 3.JPG
Map of Iowa highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Clinton
Largest city Clinton
Area
 • Total 710.19 sq mi (1,839 km2)
 • Land 694.98 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water 15.21 sq mi (39 km2), 2.14%
Population
 • (2010) 49,116
 • Density 70.7/sq mi (27.3/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.clintoncounty-ia.gov

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 49,116 in the 2010 census, a decline from 50,149 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Clinton.[2] Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton.

Clinton County is part of the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area which has a population of 474,226, making it the 90th largest CSA in the nation.[3][4]

History[edit]

Clinton County was formed on December 21, 1837. It was named for DeWitt Clinton,[5] a Governor of New York and most ardent advocate for the construction of the Erie Canal. The cities of DeWitt and Clinton were also named after him.

In 1835, Elijah Buell built a log cabin for himself and his family and was thus the first settler of the region. In 1854, the first newspaper was issued and in 1858, the Lyons Female College for girls opened its doors. The tuition was set at $175 per student.[6]

The county has used three courthouses in its history. The structure currently in use was constructed in Romanesque style and opened in 1897.[7]

Early Settlement[edit]

Clinton county was first settled in 1836, by Mr. Bourne, who located upon Sec. 1, T. 80, R. 4, East. The county was surveyed in 1837, by the Messrs. Burtz. The Surveyor General's office was then at Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1840, the county was organized by Sheriff Bourne. In 1841, R. R. Bed ford and others formed a little settlement at De Witt, and during the same year Messrs. Wheeler and Evans erected a log court-house. In stepping from the past to the present, we quote the language of one of the "oldest inhabitants." He says: "Clinton County was originally settled by the poorest class of people on God's earth; and it is with great pleasure that I have witnessed their progress, slow but sure, and now find the most of them very comfortably situated."

The population of this County in 1840, was 821; in 1850, 2822; in 1854, 7000; and in 1856, 11,000. The population of Lyons in 1850, was 453. In 1856 the population increased to 2700.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 710.19 square miles (1,839.4 km2), of which 694.98 square miles (1,800.0 km2) (or 97.86%) is land and 15.21 square miles (39.4 km2) (or 2.14%) is water.[8] It includes the easternmost point in the state of Iowa, on the Mississippi River in Elk River township in the northeast section of the county.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,822
1860 18,938 571.1%
1870 35,357 86.7%
1880 36,763 4.0%
1890 41,199 12.1%
1900 43,832 6.4%
1910 45,394 3.6%
1920 43,371 −4.5%
1930 44,377 2.3%
1940 44,722 0.8%
1950 49,664 11.1%
1960 55,060 10.9%
1970 56,749 3.1%
1980 57,122 0.7%
1990 51,040 −10.6%
2000 50,149 −1.7%
2010 49,116 −2.1%
Est. 2012 48,717 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 49,116 in the county, with a population density of 70.67/sq mi (27.286/km2). There were 21,733 housing units, of which 20,223 were occupied.[1]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Clinton County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 50,149 people, 20,105 households, and 13,671 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 21,585 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.87% White, 1.89% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,105 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,423, and the median income for a family was $46,450. Males had a median income of $35,049 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,724. About 7.70% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Localities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Clinton County is divided into these townships:

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ List of Combined Statistical Areas
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1," (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 85. 
  6. ^ Looking Back at the history of Clinton County Iowa
  7. ^ History of Clinton County Iowa
  8. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′34″N 90°31′39″W / 41.89278°N 90.52750°W / 41.89278; -90.52750