Clinton Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

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Clinton Township,
Lycoming County,
Pennsylvania
Township
Eagle Grange No. 1, built 1887, Clinton Township
Eagle Grange No. 1, built 1887, Clinton Township
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Clinton Township
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Clinton Township
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°11′24″N 76°51′22″W / 41.19000°N 76.85611°W / 41.19000; -76.85611Coordinates: 41°11′24″N 76°51′22″W / 41.19000°N 76.85611°W / 41.19000; -76.85611
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lycoming
Settled 1770s
Formed 1825
Area
 • Total 28.8 sq mi (74.5 km2)
 • Land 28.0 sq mi (72.4 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)  2.85%%
Elevation 666 ft (203 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,947
 • Density 141.2/sq mi (54.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern Time Zone (North America) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 42-14336[1]
GNIS feature ID 1216744[2]

Clinton Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The population was 3,947 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Clinton Township was formed from part of Washington Township by the Pennsylvania General Assembly during its December 1825 sessions. It was named for Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York.

One of the most prominent physical features in Clinton Township is Penny Hill. This hill which is in the eastern portion of the township was named for a dog named Penny. Penny was apparently fond of wandering up and down the hill during the late 1780s and early 1790s. She was owned by a man named David Tolbert. Tolbert's dog was seen so often on the hill that the residents of the area began to call it Penny Hill. Today Penny Hill is bisected by U.S. Route 15. It overlooks West Branch Susquehanna River and is covered by a number of family residences and several small farms.

The first permanent settlers to Clinton Township arrived just before the beginning of the American Revolution. They cleared the land that surrounds Black Hole Creek in the valley between Bald Eagle Mountain and Penny Hill. During the war, settlements throughout the Susquehanna valley were attacked by Loyalists and Native Americans allied with the British. After the Battle of Wyoming in the summer of 1778 (near what is now Wilkes-Barre) and smaller local attacks, the "Big Runaway" occurred throughout the West Branch Susquehanna valley. Settlers fled feared and actual attacks by the British and their allies. Homes and fields were abandoned, with livestock driven along and a few possessions floated on rafts on the river east to Muncy, then further south to Sunbury. The abandoned property was burnt by the attackers. Some settlers soon returned, only to flee again in the summer of 1779 in the "Little Runaway". Sullivan's Expedition helped stabilize the area and encouraged resettlement, which continued after the war.

Following the war the pioneers returned to Clinton Township and reestablished their homesteads. By this time most of the Native Americans had either been killed off or fled to the west. The settlers encountered some struggles over the years, most notably in the winter of 1787. This winter was especially harsh in Clinton Township. Nearly all the livestock was either frozen to death or they died of starvation. The supplies of food stored after the harvest were quickly depleted and the people began to starve. Hunters struggled through the deep snow. Even those that were able to use snowshoes to walk on top of the snow struggled to find any game, which also struggled to survive the harsh winter. When the winter finally broke the residents were able to harvest tremendous amounts of shad in Black Hole Creek and in the West Branch Susquehanna River with a seine that was delivered to them by the father-in-law of Major Ten Brook, Mr. Emmons. Mr. Emmons arrived from New Jersey with additional supplies including salt, wheat, corn, and garden seeds. He is credited with saving the lives of many of the early residents of Clinton Township. Emmons returned again in 1788 with another wagon load of supplies, while camping he was killed by a tree that fell on the wagon where he was sleeping.[3] Eagle Grange No. 1 in Clinton Township was organized on March 4, 1871 by a group of rural farmers who had become concerned about the rising costs of farming in the post Civil War economy. It was the first grange to be organized in Pennsylvania, two years before the formation of the Pennsylvania State Grange and four years after The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, better known as the National Grange was founded in Fredonia, New York by Oliver Hudson Kelley. The chief objectives of the Eagle Grange No. 1 were the establishment of a co-operative purchasing program for farmers, the lowering of railroad rates, and the establishment of rural free delivery by the United States Postal Service. The Grange was one of the first national organizations to give equal status to female members.[4]

Geography[edit]

Clinton Township is bordered by the West Branch Susquehanna River to the north, east, and south, Brady Township to the southwest, and Armstrong Township to the northwest. Clinton Township borders the borough of Montgomery on three sides.[5] As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about 130 miles (209 km) northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles (266 km) east-northeast of Pittsburgh.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 28.8 square miles (75 km2).28.0 square miles (72.4 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (2.85%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,947 people, 897 households, and 654 families residing in the township. The population density was 141.2 people per square mile (54.5/km²). There were 948 housing units at an average density of 33.9/sq mi (13.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 78.34% White, 19.31% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 1.52% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% of the population.

There were 897 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the township the population was spread out with 12.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 45.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $35,231, and the median income for a family was $42,011. Males had a median income of $24,967 versus $17,643 for females. The per capita income for the township was $12,646. About 5.8% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections State Correctional Institution – Muncy is located in Clinton Township.[6] SCI Muncy has Pennsylvania's death row for women.[7]

See also[edit]

For histories of the other townships in Lycoming County see

History of the Townships of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Meginness, John Franklin (1892). http://www.usgennet.org/usa/pa/county/lycoming/history/Chapter-34.html |chapterurl= missing title (help). History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania: including its aboriginal history; the colonial and revolutionary periods; early settlement and subsequent growth; organization and civil administration; the legal and medical professions; internal improvement; past and present history of Williamsport; manufacturing and lumber interests; religious, educational, and social development; geology and agriculture; military record; sketches of boroughs, townships, and villages; portraits and biographies of pioneers and representative citizens, etc. etc. (1st Edition ed.). Chicago, IL: Brown, Runk & Co. ISBN 0-7884-0428-8. Retrieved 2007-03-31. "(Note: ISBN refers to Heritage Books July 1996 reprint. URL is to a scan of the 1892 version with some OCR typos)." 
  4. ^ "Eagle Grange # 1". Explore Pennsylvania History. Retrieved 2007-04-03. 
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division. "2007 General Highway Map Lycoming County Pennsylvania" (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/lycoming_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
  6. ^ "Directions to SCI Muncy." Pennsylvania Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 24, 2010.
  7. ^ "Death Penalty FAQ." Pennsylvania Department of Corrections. 2 (2/4). Retrieved on July 26, 2010.