Clionaidae

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Clionaidae
Entobia Modern.jpg
Modern clionaid borings in an oyster shell
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Subclass: Tetractinomorpha
Order: Hadromerida
Family: Clionaidae
d’Orbigny, 1851

Clionaidae is a family of demosponges which are known worldwide.[1] This family is known for boring holes in calcareous material such as mollusc shells and corals, using both chemical and mechanical processes,.[2][3]

Genera[edit]

Genera within this family include:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Soest, R. (2013). "Clionaidae d'Orbigny, 1851". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ Brusca, R.C. & Brusca, G.J. 2002. Invertebrates Second Edition Sinauer Associates. ISBN 0-87893-097-3
  3. ^ Hooper J.N & van Soest R.W.M.(eds). 2002. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York