Clipstone

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For the hamlet near Leighton Buzzard, see Clipstone, Bedfordshire. For Clipston on the Wolds, see Clipston, Nottinghamshire.
Clipstone
Clipstone - Colliery Headstocks.jpg
Clipstone - Colliery Headstocks
Clipstone is located in Nottinghamshire
Clipstone
Clipstone
 Clipstone shown within Nottinghamshire
Population 3,469 (2001 census[1])
OS grid reference SK585635
District Newark and Sherwood
Shire county Nottinghamshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANSFIELD
Postcode district NG21
Dialling code 01623
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Sherwood
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire

Coordinates: 53°10′12″N 1°06′26″W / 53.1700°N 1.1073°W / 53.1700; -1.1073

Clipstone in north Nottinghamshire is a small ex-coal mining village built on an old army base.

History[edit]

King's Clipstone is a small village in north-west Nottinghamshire. The earliest historical reference to the settlement is in the Domesday Book of 1086, where the village is mentioned as "Clipestune".[2] Subsequent written sources use the forms "Clipestone", "Clippeston", "Clipiston". The name "Clipstone" means "Klyppr's Farm," with the derivation of the first element being from the old Scandinavian personal name Klyppr, and the second element from Anglo-Saxon word for farm or hamlet "tun".[3]

Pre-historic period[edit]

The earliest date-able material from Clipstone is from the Bronze Age. These pieces of material were a spearhead[4] and an arrowhead.[5] There is also a suspected ring ditch in the vicinity of New Clipstone which is assumed to be a ploughed out round barrow.[6]

The National Mapping Project data as provided by English Heritage shows a number of cropmarks recorded from aerial photography in the northern quarter of Clipstone parish, representing rectilinear field systems associated with smaller stock enclosures and perhaps domestic sites. Typologically, and from their orientation, it is assumed that these are part of the brickwork plan field system from the late Iron Age, which stretches across the Sherwood Sandstones.[7]

Roman period[edit]

Pottery of the period is known from Clipstone due to Philip Rahtz's excavation in 1956[8] and Trent and Peak Archaeology's watching brief and fieldwalking in 1991,[9] however the context of the finds has never been understood. There have also been metal detector finds within the parish of two Roman brooches and a small coin hoard[4] and arrowhead.[10] The adjacent parish of Mansield Woodhouse contains a suspected Roman road (Leeming Lane), with an associated marching camp at Roman Bank. Further to the north-west a small villa site was exposed in 1780 by the antiquarian Major Hayman Rooke.[11]

Early Medieval period[edit]

Four pieces of late Saxon shelly ware pottery were recorded in 1991[9] during fieldwalking of Castlefield, although it is unlikely that these represent anything more than a background scatter associated with the manuring of the open fields. Prior to Domesday, the two manors of Clipstone were held by Osbern and Ulsi and the value was set at 60 shillings.[2] Ulsi in particular was a reasonably wealthy landowner and held manors at Greasley, Strelley, Sutton and Hodsock.[citation needed]

Domesday[edit]

The landowner in 1086 was Roger de Busli,[2] one of the great Norman landowners who held 163 estates in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and south Yorkshire.[12]

George Sitwell, Ironmaster mined iron locally and built a furnace here in the seventeenth century.[13]

Clipstone Riot 1767[edit]

In 1767 much of the local forest was managed by the Duke of Portland for the production of timber. In the 1760s there were a number of prosecutions of local people for entering the forest park and causing disorders. In 1767 labourers from Warsop and Worksop were involved in the Clipstone Riot. As the Duke of Portland was at the time involved in making the place more profitable for himself, and so impacting on the timber rights of the commoners, this may have been the cause of the riots.[14]

General description[edit]

Clipstone is split into Kings Clipstone (formerly known as Old Clipstone) and New Clipstone. New Clipstone has a few shops and is home to Vicar Water Country Park. Kings Clipstone is split into two parts one being home to old stone buildings, and the new Cavendish estate that is still being built. The village is built alongside the B6030 road.

Most of the village is in the Newark and Sherwood district council, with a small section in the west near Forest Town in the Mansfield council area. The Garibaldi College is just inside the Mansfield district. The local football team is Clipstone Welfare. The village is adjacent to Sherwood Forest.

Nearby is the medium-wave transmitter for Radio Nottingham.

South in the village is Vicars Water Country Park, developed out of Vicar Water and the former spoil tips from the colliery, forming a landscape of hills and ponds and contains the controversial "Golden Hand", said to represent the village's mining heritage.

New Clipstone (commonly known as just Clipstone) is the village's most diverse area with both old and new homes, a library, primary school, village hall as well as a few shops and pubs, including Clipstone Welfare, which was used for scenes in the 2007 film Control. Clipstone colliery also lies within the New Clipstone area, home to Europe's largest headstocks.

Kings Clipstone (previously known as Old Clipstone) is the older part of the joined villages and can be criticised for its virtually "undeveloped" area with only the local Dog and Duck pub as a social place to meet. There is also a slaughterhouse.

Both villages lie in the heart of Sherwood Forest, approximately four miles from Mansfield town.

Clipstone Camp[edit]

Located on what was to become Clipstone Colliery, Clipstone Camp was established when work on developing the mine, started in 1912, was abandoned following the outbreak of the First World War. The Duke of Portland offered the land for use as a military training camp, which was eventually opened in 1915.[15] The first troops stationed there were the Royal Fusiliers. At its height the camp could accommodate 30,000 soldiers.[16]

Following the armistice troops from the Queens Royal West Surrey 4th/5th reserve Battalion and the York’s and Lanc’s Reg were involved in a mutinous riot at the camp, following disquiet at the slow rate of being demobilised.[17]

Plans were started in 2013 to provide a memorial to those who trained in Clipstone.[18]

Clipstone colliery[edit]

Clipstone Headstocks.JPG

The pit closed in April 2003. Since 1993 it had been owned by RJB Mining (now UK Coal). The headframes, grade two listed structures, are known to be the tallest in Europe and more recently the third tallest in the world. They can be seen from miles around. Despite this, there has been a number of appeals to demolish them due to the expense of the upkeep.


King John's Palace[edit]

Main article: King John's Palace

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Clipstone CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Morris, J. (ed.) (1977) Domesday Book: Nottinghamshire. p.285
  3. ^ English Placenames Society (1940) Placenames of Nottinghamshire
  4. ^ a b Nottinghamshire Historic Environment Record, 5965
  5. ^ Nottinghamshire Historic Environment Record, 5909
  6. ^ Nottinghamshire Historic Environment Record, 6819
  7. ^ [1] Pastscape MONUMENT NO. 1430560
  8. ^ Rahtz (1960), p. 29.
  9. ^ a b Sheppard, R., (1991) Unpublished archive of archaeological watching brief prior to monument underpinning (Held by Nottinghamshire County Council)
  10. ^ Nottinghamshire Historic Environment Record, 5966 & 5977
  11. ^ Thoroton (1972), pp. 308–320.
  12. ^ Wright, J. (2008) Castles of Nottinghamshire
  13. ^ Philip Riden, ‘Sitwell, George (bap. 1601, d. 1667)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 2 March 2010
  14. ^ Forest History: International Studies on Socioeconomic and Forest Ecosystem Change (IUFRO Research. CABI Publishing. 2000. ISBN 0851994199. 
  15. ^ "Introduction". Clipstone Camp 1914-1918. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "The Camp". Clipstone Camp 1914-1918. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Whatling, Frank Henry. "Frank Henry Whatling Memoirs". Great War Forum. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  18. ^ [2] Chad, local newspaper, July 2013 Clipstone Camp war memorial plans move a step nearer Retrieved 2014-01-04

External links[edit]