Clitocybe nebularis

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Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe Nebularis.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Clitocybe
Species: C. nebularis
Binomial name
Clitocybe nebularis
(Batsch), P.Kumm. (1871)
Synonyms[1]

Agaricus nebularis Batsch (1789)
Gymnopus nebularis (Batsch) Gray (1821)
Omphalia nebularis (Batsch) Quél. (1886)
Lepista nebularis (Fr.) Harmaja (1974)

Clitocybe nebularis
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is convex

or flat
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is cream
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: not recommended

Clitocybe nebularis or Lepista nebularis, commonly known as the clouded agaric or cloud funnel, is an abundant gilled fungus which appears both in conifer-dominated forests and broad-leaved woodland in Europe and North America. Appearing in Britain from late summer to late autumn, it is edible but causes gastric upsets in many individuals.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first described and named as Agaricus nebularis in 1789 by August Johann Georg Karl Batsch. It was later placed in the Clitocybe genus in 1871 by Paul Kummer as Clitocybe nebularis. After much consideration by many mycologists, over some years, when it was placed for periods in both Lepista, and Gymnopus, it was placed back in Clitocybe with the specific epithet, and 1871 creditation it retains today.
Clitocybe nebularis var. alba Bataille (1911), differs only in having a milk white cap, and is very rare.[2]

Description[edit]

The cap of the mushroom is 5–25 cm (2–8 in) in diameter, convex with an incurved margin, becoming plane to depressed in shape. Cap colours are generally greyish to light brownish-grey, and often covered in a whitish bloom when young. The surface of the cap is usually dry to moist, and radially fibrillose. The stem is stout, swollen towards the base, becomes hollow with age, and is easily broken. It is usually somewhat lighter than the cap.[2] The flesh is white, and very thick. It has a foul-smelling odour, which has been described as slightly farinaceous to rancid.[3]
This species is host to the parasitic gilled mushroom Volvariella surrecta, which is found on older specimens.

It may be confused with the poisonous Entoloma sinuatum both in Europe or North America, though this species has pink sinuate gills.[4]

Edibility[edit]

It is widely consumed but is 'generally considered better to be avoided',[5] some people react badly to this species.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clitocybe nebularis (Batsch) P. Kumm. 1871". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  2. ^ a b c http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/gallery/DisplayBlock~bid~5799~source~gallerychooserresult.asp
  3. ^ "California Fungi: Clitocybe nebularis". Retrieved 2008-01-11. 
  4. ^ Haas H (1969). The Young Specialist looks at Fungi. Burke. p. 128. ISBN 0-222-79409-7. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe - Michael Jordan

External links[edit]

Media related to Clitocybe nebularis at Wikimedia Commons