Cloch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cloch Point Lighthouse
060609-Cloch-Lighthouse.jpg
Cloch Point light from the north, looking towards Innellan
Cloch is located in Argyll and Bute
Cloch
Location Firth of Clyde
NS202758
Coordinates 55°56′29″N 4°52′50″W / 55.94151°N 4.88049°W / 55.94151; -4.88049Coordinates: 55°56′29″N 4°52′50″W / 55.94151°N 4.88049°W / 55.94151; -4.88049
Year first constructed 1797
Year first lit 1797
Construction white tower with a black band
Height 76 feet (23 m)
Focal height 76 feet (23 m)
Intensity 40,000 candela
Range 14 nautical miles
Characteristic Fl. W 3sec
Fog signal (c.1895)

Cloch or Cloch Point (Scottish Gaelic: stone) is a point on the coast of the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. There has been a lighthouse since 1797 to warn ships off The Gantocks.

Location[edit]

Cloch Point lies on the A770, north of Inverkip, three miles south west of Gourock, on the east shore of the Firth of Clyde, directly opposite Dunoon.

Lighthouse[edit]

The Cloch Lighthouse was designed by Thomas Smith and his son-in-law Robert Stevenson, to warn boats away from The Gantocks, a dangerous reef of drying rocks or skerry directly west of the point. Building was completed in 1797. There appear to be two generations of keepers' houses, the older now used as stores and the more recent having crow-stepped gables. The short circular-section tower has a corbelled walkway and triangular windows. The foghorns were added between 1895 and 1897.

Cloch Point Lighthouse

The light was built by John Clarkson (engineer); Kermack and Gall built the tower, while Smith and Stevenson installed the oil lantern which was first lit on 11 August 1797.[1] The light was replaced in 1829 with an argand lamp and silvered reflector. About 1900, it was lit with acetylene. A radio beacon was installed about 1931.

The dioptric and catadioptric lenses floated in baths of mercury, and were rotated by a clockwork mechanism powered by falling weights.[2] As well as tending the light, the keepers had to wind the mechanism by hand every two to three hours.

Today, the light is fully automated and unmanned. The main light has been replaced by a light on a pole outside the lantern room.

References[edit]