Holy Cross College (Dublin)

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Holy Cross College
Established 1854
Type Roman Catholic
Location Drumcondra, Dublin, Ireland
53°21′49″N 6°15′20″W / 53.363614°N 6.255598°W / 53.363614; -6.255598Coordinates: 53°21′49″N 6°15′20″W / 53.363614°N 6.255598°W / 53.363614; -6.255598
Nickname Clonliffe College
Affiliations Catholic University of Ireland(1870–1906)
Angelicum Rome

Holy Cross College (also known as Clonliffe College), located in Clonliffe Road, Drumcondra was founded in 1854 as the Catholic diocesan seminary for Dublin by Cardinal Paul Cullen (1803–78)[1]

History[edit]

The College was founded in 1854 by the then Archbishop of Dublin Paul Cullen, to provide priests for the Dublin diocese. In 1861 Rector of the Catholic University Dr Bartholomew Woodlock tried to secure land in Clonliffe west to build a new Catholic University, however this plan was shelved due to the expansion of the Railway line.[2] Plans were draw up by the Architect James Joseph McCarthy for the proposed new University,[3] McCarthy a famous architect designed the college building.

Following the 1879 University Education (Ireland) Act which incorporated the Royal University of Ireland, the Catholic University of Ireland was reconstituted as to comprise all Catholic Colleges including Holy Cross College, Clonliffe.[4] Students would sit exams for the Royal University. Since the royal university was prohibited in awarding degrees in theology, the Catholic University would confer degrees in theology and divinity, such as BD and DD. Between 1881 and 1908 some 81 Clonliffe students graduated with a BA from the Royal University of Ireland.[5]

Following the foundation of the National University of Ireland in 1908, Clonliffes seminarians would have also taken studies in University College Dublin and many walked in procession between Clonliffe and Earlsfort Terrace, prior to it moving out to Belfield.[6]

In 1882 the Catholic University of Irelands Library (excluding medical books) was transferred from what became University College Dublin to Clonliffe.[7]

In 1965 Holy Cross College, Clonliffe, the Dublin Diocesan Major Seminary, had been granted power to confer some of the Degrees of the Angelicum University of Rome,[8] students would be award degrees such as BD or STB from the Angelicum.

For many years two students from the Vincentian would study at Clonliffe so as to have to opportunity to also gain a degree from UCD,[9] there was a strong relationship between the Diocesan College and the Vincentian order, in that some Vincentian priests from the nearby St. Patrick's Training College and All Hallows would have lectured in Clonliffe. The connection with the Vincentians pre-dated Clonliffe in that students for the Dublin Diocese before the foundation of the College would have initially studied with the Vincentians in Castleknock College before completing their studies in Maynooth College.

The National University of Ireland, Maynooth validated a number of diplomas and certificates conducted in Clonliffe over the years.

In 2001 saw the seminary duties suspended due to a fall in vocations, with students for the priesthood for the diocese being transferred to national seminary in St Patrick's College, Maynooth.

Today[edit]

The College is adjacent to the residence of the Archbishop of Dublin, just north of Croke Park Stadium. Clonliffe is the administrative headquarters of the Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin, and is used for retreats, conferences, meetings and courses. The Mater Dei Institute of Education College of Education was established in 1966 on part of the Clonliffe College campus, uses some of the resources of the former seminary such as the Sports grounds. A number of Dublin Diocesan bodies are based in Clonliffe College such as Crosscare which is located in the Red building. The Drug Awareness Programme, Crosscare, Clonliffe College, run the Certificate in Addiction Studies, from NUI Maynooth.[10]

Archives[edit]

The College houses the archives of Dublin Diocese[11] but also many other documents such as those of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Association and Repeal Association and religious artefacts. The archive contains the papers of eleven Archbishops of Dublin, a number of auxiliary bishops and of Dr. Bartholomew Woodlock the second president of the Catholic University of Ireland. The College is participating in Culture Night 2013 where its archives and artwork will be on display to the general public, as well as recitals of music and a talk on the 1913 Lockout.[12]

People associated with Clonliffe College[edit]

The founder of the college, Archbishop of Dublin Paul Cullen is buried here. Blessed (Joseph Aloysius Marmion) Columba Marmion (1858–1923) was professor of Meta Physics. Archbishop Diarmuid Martin attended Clonliffe College. Along with numerous priests who have served in the Dublin Diocese in particular. Also many church and academic figures such as Professor Monsignor Pádraig de Brún studied at Clonliffe

In 1917, Countess Constance Markievicz was baptised Roman Catholic Church at Clonliffe College.[13]

A number of public figures such as poet Denis Devlin and former TD, government minister and Mayo football captain Seán Flanagan, were seminary students at Clonliffe.

Presidents of the College have included Bishop Thomas Joseph Power (1859–1870), Rev. Michael Verdon (1870–1879), Bishop Joseph Carroll, Canon Patrick Dargan DD MA, Canon Matthew MacMahon, Rev. B. Fitzpatrick, Monsignor Jerome Curtin, Fr Cathal McCarthy, Fr. Owen Sweeney, Monsignor John J Greehy (1980–1983), Monsignor Brendan Houlihan, and Fr. Peter Briscoe(1989-2000).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cardinal Paul Cullen, Multitext Irish History project www.ucc.ie website
  2. ^ UCD Timeline
  3. ^ A proposal for a Roman Catholic University of Ireland in Clonliffe www.archseek.com
  4. ^ Page 96, Ireland Since the Famine by F.S.L. Lyons, Fontana Press, (1971)
  5. ^ ' The College History and Centenary Record of Holy Cross College Clonliffe 1859-1959' compiled by Mgr. Richard Sherry DD PP
  6. ^ Transfer of University College, Dublin: Motion. Seanad Éireann Debate, Tuesday, 10 January 1961.
  7. ^ The Oxford History of the Irish Book, Volume IV: The Irish Book in English edited by James H. Murphy
  8. ^ Volume 10.6: November–December 1966 (1966). Vincentiana. Paper 196.
  9. ^ Irish Vincentian Colloque Volume 20, 2006.
  10. ^ Evaluation of Certificate in Addiction Studies (NUI Maynooth) delivered by Drugs Awareness Programme (Crosscare, Clonliffe College) www.drugsandalcohol.ie
  11. ^ Dublin Diocese Archives
  12. ^ Culture Night Venue – Clonliffe College Dublin Culture Night 2013.
  13. ^ Constance Markievicz

External links[edit]