Cloth hall

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Gewandhaus in Zwickau

A cloth hall or linen hall (German: Gewandhaus; Polish: Sukiennice; French: Halle aux draps; Dutch: Lakenhal; Swedish: Saluhall) is a historic building located in the centre of the main marketplace of a European town.

A cloth hall contained trading stalls, particularly for the selling of cloth but also leather, wax, salt, and exotic imports such as spices and silk.

Cloth halls were built from mediaeval times until the 17th century.

Poland[edit]

In Poland, the most famous existing cloth-hall building is the Kraków Cloth Hall, rebuilt in 1555 in the Renaissance style.[1] Cloth halls also formerly existed in Poznań (at the Old Market Square), in Wrocław (at the site of the street today called ul. Sukiennice), and in Toruń.

Germany[edit]

Examples of German Gewandhäuser can be found in the towns of Brunswick, Zwickau and Leipzig (the last now rebuilt as the Gewandhaus concert hall).

Belgium and Netherlands[edit]

Examples in Belgium include the Ypres Cloth Hall and cloth halls in Bruges, Leuven and Tournai. The Linen-hall at Leuven is in an early-Gothic style, with baroque addition, and is used today as the University Hall.

The Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal is in a former cloth hall.

Britain and Ireland[edit]

British examples are Drapers' Hall (London), the Halifax Piece Hall, and Leeds' White Cloth Hall.

In Ireland, Belfast once had a White Linen Hall, and there were linen halls in other towns such as Castlebar and Clonakilty.

others[edit]

In Stockholm, Sweden, the city's old square is anchored by a Saluhallen market hall.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ The World's Best Squares, PPS website, Making Places, December 2005