Not to be confused with the one-piece wooden clothes-peg for hanging up coats that was invented by the Shaker community in the 1700s. During the 1700s laundry was hung on bushes, limbs or lines to dry but no clothespins can be found in any painting or prints of the era. The clothespin for hanging up wet laundry only appears in the early 19th century patented by Jérémie Victor Opdebec. This design does not use springs, but is fashioned in one piece, with the two prongs part of the peg chassis with only a small distance between them—this form of peg creates the gripping action due to the two prongs being wedged apart and thus squeezing together in that the prongs want to return to their initial, resting state. This form of peg is often fashioned from plastic, or originally, wood. In England, clothes-peg making used to be a craft associated with gypsies, who made clothes-pegs from small, split lengths of willow or ash wood.
Today, many clothes-pegs (also clothespins) are manufactured very cheaply by creating two interlocking plastic or wooden prongs, in between which is often wedged a small spring. This design was invented by David M. Smith (inventor) of Springfield, Vermont, in 1853. By a lever action, when the two prongs are pinched at the top of the peg, the prongs open up, and when released, the spring draws the two prongs shut, creating the action necessary for gripping.
The design by Smith was improved by Solon E. Moore in 1887. He added what he called a "coiled fulcrum" made from a single wire, this was the spring that both held the wooden pieces together and forced them to snap shut.
Clothespins were further enhanced by the invention of stainless steel clothespins that do not rust or decay with outdoor use. Rather than using a torsion spring that often twists, causing the clothespin to fall apart, they rely on a strong, trapped, compression spring that results in a stronger grip.
There is a 5-foot clothespin grave marker in the Middlesex, Vermont cemetery.
During the production of a movie, commercial, music video etc., a spring-type clothespin is called a "CP 47", "C47", "47", "peg", "ammo", or "bullet". It is most useful on the set since lights used on film sets quickly become far too hot to touch; a wooden C47 is used to attach a color correction gel or diffusion to the barn doors on a light. The wooden clothespins do not transmit heat very effectively, and therefore are safe to touch, even when attached to hot lights for a significant period of time. Plastic clothespins are not used as plastic would melt with the heat of the lights and metal would transfer the heat making the clothespin too hot to touch. People like gaffers, grips, electricians and production assistants may keep a collection of C47s clipped to clothing or utility belt at all times. Hence the nickname "bullet", as so many crew members clip a number of C47s to their utility belts, much like an old west gunslinger would carry extra cartridges (which are often inaccurately referred to as bullets) on his gun belt.
When a performer is in full makeup they sometimes cannot drink from a cup so they drink from a straw. When the bottle or cup is too deep for the straw a C47 is clipped an inch from the top of the straw to keep the straw from falling into the drink.
- Hilary Greenbaum and Charles Wilson (May 11, 2012). "Who Made That Clothespin?". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-05-11. "The first design that resembles the modern clothespin was patented in 1853 by David M. Smith, a prolific Vermont inventor."
- The Better Clothespin
- Alice L. George (2006) Philadelphia: A Pictorial Celebration. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., p. 112. ISBN 1-4027-2384-9
- Box, Harry (1993) (1st ed). Set Lighting Technician's Handbook. Focal Press. p 141, 347, 349. ISBN 0-240-80161-X.
- Rahmel, Dan (2004) Nuts and Bolts Filmmaking: Practical Techniques for the Guerilla Filmmaker Focal Press. p. 196. ISBN 0-240-80546-1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clothes pegs.|
|Look up clothespin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Wiktionary listing for "C-47"
- Project Laundry List
- The Better Clothespin
- Traditional clothes peg making in England
- Collection clothespins from different countries