Clovis, New Mexico
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2007)|
|Clovis, New Mexico|
Norman Petty's NorVaJak Music, Inc.
|Motto: "A City On The Move - Come Grow With Us!"|
Location of Clovis, New Mexico
|• Mayor||David Lansford|
|• City Manager||Joe Thomas|
|• Total||22.9 sq mi (59.3 km2)|
|• Land||22.7 sq mi (58.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||4,268 ft (1,301 m)|
|• Density||1,663/sq mi (642.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP code||88101 88102|
|Area code(s)||505, 575|
|GNIS feature ID||0915815|
Clovis is located in the New Mexico portion of the Llano Estacado, in the eastern part of the state. A largely agricultural community, it is noted for its role in early rock music history and for nearby Cannon Air Force Base.
The eastern New Mexico region was home to the prehistoric Clovis culture, an anthropologically significant early group of Native Americans. Several remains have been found at the Blackwater Draw site (south of Clovis, near Portales) which remains a historical and tourist site.
Clovis began in 1906, when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was being constructed through the area and railway engineers were ordered to choose a town site. At first known as "Riley's Switch", it was renamed Clovis by the station master's daughter, who was studying about Clovis, the first Catholic king of the Franks, at the time.[full citation needed] The settlement built up quickly and in 1909 was incorporated.
On January 23, 1942, after about a month of living under house arrest, Clovis' entire Japanese American population was "evacuated" by the Immigration and Naturalization Service to a small concentration camp outside Lincoln, New Mexico, one of the earliest actions in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor and the country's entry into World War II. (President Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066, issued a month later on February 19, would officially authorize the large-scale eviction of Japanese Americans from the West Coast.) Mostly railroad workers and their families, the 32 men, women and children did not return to Clovis after the war.
Clovis celebrated its centennial in 2009.
U.S. Routes 60, 70, and 84 pass through the city. US 60 and 84 lead west 60 miles (97 km) to Fort Sumner, while US 70 leads southwest 19 miles (31 km) to Portales and 110 miles (180 km) to Roswell. The three highways lead east together to the state line at Texico, New Mexico, and Farwell, Texas. Cannon Air Force Base is 7 miles (11 km) west of the center of Clovis.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.9 square miles (59.3 km2), of which 22.7 square miles (58.8 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.73%, is water from the several artificial ponds in Clovis' multiple public parks.
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,667 people, 12,458 households, and 8,596 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,458.9 people per square mile (563.3/km²). There were 14,269 housing units at an average density of 637.3 per square mile (246.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.3% White, 7.32% African American, 1.02% Native American, 1.62% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 14.98% from other races, and 3.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 33.44% of the population.
There were 12,458 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city the population was 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were ages 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,878, and the median income for a family was $33,622. Males had a median income of $26,586 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,561. About 17.2% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.
Economics and industry
Like most of east-central New Mexico and west Texas, the surrounding area plays host to significant agriculture and ranching activities, including peanut and cotton farming and cattle ranching used for both meat and dairy production. Several processing plants exist for these products; in 2004 construction began on the Southwest Cheese Company plant between Clovis and Portales. The plant commenced operations in late 2005 and provided a small boost to the local economy by employing over 200 personnel. It is one of the largest plants of its type in the world, processing milk provided by the numerous local dairies in excess of 2.3 billion pounds of milk annually.
The BNSF Railway operates a division point and large freight classification yard on its Southern Transcon at Clovis, with a dispatchers office here monitoring traffic over the Belen Cutoff. This 235-mile (378 km) rail corridor is one of the most heavily trafficked routes in the western United States, often with more than 100 mostly intermodal freight trains arriving and leaving Clovis daily. The Southwestern Railroad, formerly the AT&SF Pecos Valley branch line, connects to the BNSF here, shipping potash from mines near Carlsbad.
Clovis' location adjacent to Cannon Air Force Base, a special operations base, has had a large impact on the community. Clovis hosts a local organization, the Committee of Fifty, whose stated purpose is to lobby to keep Cannon AFB open; it subsequently helped coordinate the successful campaign which resulted in the realignment of Cannon to its new special ops mission.
Southwest, Spanish Mission, or Adobe architectural styles are prevalent, being considered representative of New Mexico. Much of Clovis architecture is indistinguishable from the group of styles prevalent throughout most small towns and suburbs since the 1930s.
The Hotel Clovis, a local landmark, opened on October 20, 1931. At the time of its construction it was the tallest building between Albuquerque and Dallas. The hotel was designed by architect Robert Merrill, combining an Art Deco exterior with Southwestern Indian interior. The elegant ballroom hosted such names as Louis Armstrong, Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, and Hank Williams, and the nearby train depot supplied the hotel with most of its business. The hotel closed shortly after the Santa Fe Railroad discontinued passenger train service to Clovis in 1971. The building is currently being renovated into affordable housing. As of January 2013, housing is being offered to the community on a first come-first served basis, with some apartments being available now, and others on an "as finished" basis.
Downtown Clovis has three historic movie theaters, including the State Theater.
Climate and landscape
The climate is relatively temperate with low humidity and high winds. Summers are warm with occasional extreme heat and winters are cool with frequent, extreme cold. Severe thunderstorms are often in the spring with rainstorms prevalent during summer evenings. Tornadoes are known to occur and Clovis is located on the southern edge of Tornado Alley. Several inches of snowfall frequently occur each winter, typically for several weeks in January–February, often resulting in minor flooding due to the non-existent runoff system. High winds are common due to the flat, open land and regularly gust well above 30 MPH and average 12 MPH . According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clovis has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Clovis, New Mexico|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||51.1
|Average low °F (°C)||23.4
|Record low °F (°C)||−12
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.48
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||2.5
|Source: The Weather Channel|
Clovis is served by several public schools making up the Clovis Municipal Schools:
- Elementary schools
- Arts Academy at Bella Vista
- Barry Elem.
- Cameo Elem.
- Highland Elem.
- James Bickley Elem.
- La Casita Elem.
- Lincoln-Jackson Pre-School
- Lockwood Elem.
- Los Ninos Pre-School
- Mesa Elem.
- Parkview Elem.
- Ranchvale Elem.
- Sandia Elem.
- Zia Elem.
- Middle schools
- Gattis Middle School
- Marshall Middle School
- Yucca Middle School
- Junior high school
- Clovis High School Freshman Campus
- High school
- Clovis High School
For post-secondary education, there is one community college, Clovis Community College (CCC). Eastern New Mexico University is the nearest four-year college/university, located 20 miles (32 km) south in Portales.
Clovis gave its name to stone-age spear points that were found locally in 1929. Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture. These artifacts date to the Paleoindian period, approximately 13,500 years ago.
Performances including music and drama often take place at Clovis Community College, Eastern New Mexico University, and the Lyceum Auditorium, as well as at the Special Events Center, located adjacent to the county fairgrounds. The Clovis Music Festival is, locally, a high-profile event held annually at the beginning of September. The Clovis Civic Center hosts this and other entertainment events. The Special Events Center holds events such as rodeos, auctions, and concerts.
The town achieved some local fame in the 1950s and 1960s when it was home to the Norman Petty Recording Studio, founded by musician Norman Petty, whose "Norman Petty Trio" topped charts with "Mood Indigo" and "Almost Paradise" in their lounge/pop style. Artists such as Buddy Holly, Buddy Knox, Jimmy Gilmer & The Fireballs, and The String-A-Longs had top-charting hits recorded there (Holly's "Peggy Sue" was recorded there in July 1957). Artists including Waylon Jennings, Charlie "Sugartime" Phillips, Bobby Fuller and Roy Orbison cut their earliest recordings at the studio. From the late '50s to the late '60s Petty had recordings on every major label in the USA and Canada.
Local radio stations have a small variety of content relatively typical of most of the United States, including music and talk broadcasting, but consists mostly of country and Spanish language music. Due to religious demographics of the area, contemporary Christian music, gospel (typically Protestant Christian), and other religious-themed broadcasts are common on local radio. Several Spanish-language stations are tunable, broadcasting largely Mexican music and a proportion of Christian-themed content, also mostly music. Several stations are rebroadcast to Clovis, including Albuquerque's M88 (KLYT) found at 88.1 MHz.
- Hank Baskett, former NFL football player; married to Kendra Wilkinson from The Girls Next Door
- D. J. Brigman, PGA Tour golfer
- Wayne Hale, former NASA engineer and Space Shuttle program manager
- Carl Hatch, U.S. senator for New Mexico from 1933-1949
- Fred K. Mahaffey, U.S. Army general
- Jerry Nuzum, NFL player for the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1948–1951
- Matt Othick, retired basketball player who played for the San Antonio Spurs
- Norman Petty, musician, songwriter, record producer, and founder of Norman Petty Recording Studios
- Angela Rockwood-Nguyen, actress who appeared in The Fast and The Furious (un-credited) and V.I.P.
- Alvy Ray Smith (born 8 September 1943), pioneer in computer graphics; co-founder of the animation studio Pixar
- Mark Warford, director, photographer, and composer
- "About Clovis, NM". Retrieved October 6, 2007.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Clovis city, New Mexico". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "History of Petty Studios, Clovis, NM".
- "Old Raton (detention facility)" Densho Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Russell, Andrew B. "The Nikkei in New Mexico" (April 30, 2008) Discover Nikkei. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Johnson, Sharna. "'America's Most Wanted' to air inmate escape Saturday." Clovis News Journal, September 3, 2008. Retrieved on Sep. 21, 2008.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Fred W. Frailey, "Birthplace of the Transcon," Trains magazine, April 2007
- "Operation Keep Cannon"
- "Average Wind Speeds". Historical Climate Information. Western Regional Climate Center. 2006.
- Climate Summary for Clovis, New Mexico
- "Average Weather for Clovis, NM – Temperature and Precipitation". Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "A Clovis Spear Point". Archaeological Research Center. South Dakota State Historical Society. February 13, 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clovis, New Mexico.|
- City of Clovis official website
- Clovis Municipal Schools
- Clovis News Journal
- A resource for the Clovis/ Portales/ Curry/ Roosevelt and Cannon Air Force Base Community