Club América

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
América
ClubAmericaLogo-1.png
Full name Club de Fútbol América S.A. de C.V.[1]
Nickname(s) Las Águilas (The Eagles)[2]
Los Azulcremas (The Blue-Creams)[3]
Los Millonetas (The Million-ateds)[3]
Founded 12 October 1916; 98 years ago (1916-10-12)
Ground Estadio Azteca
Ground Capacity 105,064[4]
Owner Grupo Televisa
Chairman Ricardo Peláez
Manager Gustavo Matosas
League Liga MX
Apertura 2014 1st (Champion)
Website Club home page

Club de Fútbol América S.A. de C.V., commonly known as Club América or América, is a Mexican professional football club based in Mexico City. It competes in the Liga MX, the top professional league in the country. The team's nickname is Las Águilas (The Eagles).

América was founded on 12 October 1916, and is owned by media company Grupo Televisa.[5] The team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca, the largest stadium in Mexico and Latin America, and the third largest association football-specific stadium in the world.[6][7][8]

The club has a long standing rivalry with Guadalajara, and are the only clubs to never have been relegated to the second division.[9] Matches between them are known as El Súper Clásico.[10] América also play local derbies against Cruz Azul and Universidad Nacional.

América is the most successful club in Mexico.[11][12][13] Domestically, the club has a record twelve national titles.[14] América also have eight FIFA recognized international club trophies, the most for a club from the CONCACAF region and tying them with Santos FC, Olimpia, and Étoile du Sahel worldwide.[15] They have won five CONCACAF Champions' Cups, two Copa Interamericana cups, and one CONCACAF Giants Cup.[16][17][18]

In 2010, the International Federation of Football History and Statistics named América "Central and North American club of the 21st Century".[19][20][21]

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

By 1917 football was already a popular sport in Mexico, particularly amongst college students in Mexico City. College students from Colegio Mascarones and Colegio Marista de la Perpetua formed two football teams with the names Récord and Colón. On 12 October 1916, the two squads decided to join to make a more competitive squad. Many names were considered for this new squad, but finally, Pedro "Cheto" Quintanilla, one of the players, suggested América since they had formed the team on Columbus Day (Día del descubrimiento de América). The players agreed and soon designed a crest which had the map of America with a 'C' for Club and an 'A' for América on each side. After they had created their logo, the players had to decide on their team colours. Rafael Garza Gutiérrez went to get some of his father's navy blue trousers and a yellow shirt and it was decided amongst the group that those would be the club's colors.[22]

América squad 1924–1925

In 1916, Club América had to prove itself in order to be accepted into the Mexican Football League, which primarily consisted of foreign players. At the time, América was the only team in Mexico City with an all-Mexican club. Necaxa, Atlante, Real Club España, Germania, and Asturias were already members of the Liga Mayor de la Ciudad. América's acceptance into the league depended on three games. In order to be accepted, América could not lose any of the three games. América subsequently won two games and tied the third. América was accepted as a result and formed part of the league.

In 1919, the team changed its name to Club Unión, due to bad results with the original name. The new name didn’t fare too well either and was changed back to América in 1920.[23] From 1924 to 1928, América was crowned league champion and was able to attract impressive crowds.[24] In 1926, América became the first Mexican club to play outside of Mexico.[23] Aside from broadening their horizons, Club América along with Atlante petitioned to reduce the number of foreign players in the league. Shortly after the Mexican Football Federation was formed in 1928, Rafael Garza Gutiérrez, América's founder, was designated as the National Team head coach. Most of the Mexican national team that participated in the 1928 Summer Olympics and 1930 World Cup were players that played for América.[25]

1940–1969[edit]

Up until 1942, every league in Mexico was considered a regional league even though the league in Mexico City was considered the strongest of them all. In 1942–43, the first National League was established and it was known as the Liga Mayor (Major League). Club América wasn't the team it had been during the 1920s on through the early 1930s. Aging players, lack of resources, and lack of interest took its toll on the club which led the team to become a bottom-feeder for much of the beginning stages of the professional era7.

During this time, the rivalry between América and Guadalajara was born, especially during the 1945–1946 season in which Guadalajara beat América 6–4 and 4–2. The 1951–1952 season saw América reach their lowest point in the table, reaching position 11 out of 12 with merely a 3-point-difference from Veracruz, who were eventually relegated.

In 1956, the club was sold to soft drink manufacturer Jarritos. The new owner was trying to build upon the club's National Cup titles in 1954 and 1955 against Guadalajara, their soon to be rival.[26] During the 1954–55 season América won their first Campeón de Campeones championship, defeating Zacatepec 2–3.[27] The owner failed to build upon the previous success and on 22 July 1959, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, owner of Telesistema Mexicano, bought América from Isaac Bessudo.[28] Following the acquisition, Azcárraga told his players, "I do not know much about football, but I do know a lot about business, and this, gentlemen, will be a business7".

The 1959–1960 season saw América reach second place for the first time, behind Guadalajara. On 21 April 1964, at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario, the team, now coached by Alejandro Scopelli, defeated Monterrey 6–5 in the final match of the Copa México. During the match Alfonso Portugal scored five of the six goals for América; José González scored the other goal to win the championship.[29]

In 1965 América regained the Mexican "Copa" championship, beating the "Canarios" of Morelia 4–0 on 7 March at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario in Ciudad Universitaria. The goals were scored by Javier Fragoso and Vavá, each scoring twice.[30]

1970s[edit]

After the 1970 FIFA World Cup (which Mexico hosted), the league tournament format was changed in order to bring more excitement over the championship's dispute, hence the Liguilla (play-offs) format was born. The first play-off final was in 1971 between the leaders of groups 1 and 2, Toluca and América. América got a 0–0 draw playing as visitor and defeated Toluca 2–0 in the Azteca Stadium to win their second championship.[31] The following season saw a play-off match between rivals Cruz Azul and América, who beat them 4–1 in the Azteca Stadium. Revenge was assured for América in the 1973 Copa Mexico, defeating Cruz Azul 2–0.[32] After some years of not qualifying to the playoffs, América reached first place in group one in the 1975–1976 season, beating Tecos UAG and Union de Curtidores to reach the final, playing against Universidad de Guadalajara. América won the championship after beating U de G in the Jalisco Stadium 3–0 and later 1–0 in the Azteca Stadium, winning their third title.[33] They also won the Campeon de Campeones title by beating UANL Tigres 2–0.

In 1978, América participated in their first Copa Interamericana, playing against Argentine club Boca Juniors. América would win the championship by a score of 2–1 after extra-time, with a last second free-kick goal by midfielder Carlos Reinoso.[34] América became the first team from Mexico and from the CONCACAF region to win the competition. América also became the first confederation side to earn the "double" in a single year as it won the delayed 1977 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.[35]

1980s[edit]

The 1980s are generally considered América's "golden decade".[36] During this time, América won the league title five times, including three consecutive titles; the 1983–84 season, the 1984–85 season,[37] the Prode 1985, the 1987–88 and 1988–89 seasons.[38] They also won the Mexican Super Cup twice, in 1987–88 and 1988–89,[39] and they won the 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.

The 1983–1984 season saw América reach the top of the table and reach the finals. The opponent was Guadalajara, and América defeated them in the Azteca Stadium 3–1.[40] The following season América once again reached the finals, this time against UNAM Pumas. After two draws in both the Azteca Stadium and the Mexico '68 Stadium, the last game was played in the Estadio Corregidora in Querétaro, where Daniel Brailovsky secured the championship for América by scoring two goals with the final score of 3–1.[41]

Due to Mexico hosting the 1986 World Cup and stadium and infrastructure preparations, the tournament was split in two short tournaments: Prode-85 and Mexico-86. América got the top of their group in the Prode-85 and defeated Universidad de Guadalajara and Atlante to get to the final round, where they played Jaibos Tampico Madero. The game in Tampico was a 4–1 victory for Tampico, but at the Azteca Stadium, América beat Tampico Madero 4–0 to win the championship.

For the 1987–88 final, América played UNAM, a replay of the 1985 final. They defeated UNAM by an aggregate score of 4–2.[42] The following season, América once again reached the league final and faced Cruz Azul, which was the first time the two clubs met in the final since 1972. The first-leg finished in a 3–2 victory for América. A 2–2 draw in the second-leg meant América won the championship by a 5–4 aggregate score.[43]

1990s[edit]

In the 1990s, América won only the CONCACAF Champions' Cup in 1990,[44] an Interamericana Cup Championship in 1993,[45] and a second CONCACAF Champions' Cup in 1993.[46] During the 1990–1991 season, América dominated its group and reached the playoffs to eliminate Universidad de Guadalajara in the quarterfinal round and Guadalajara in the semifinal round, only to reach the final and lose to UNAM.

In 1994, club president Emilio Diez Barroso announced the hiring of Dutch manager Leo Beenhakker, who had previously coached Spanish club Real Madrid to a La Liga title. The club also announced the signing of two African players, Cameroon international François Omam-Biyik and Zambian national team captain Kalusha Bwalya. Other Mexican players such as Joaquín del Olmo, Raúl Gutierrez, among others were signed as well. América finished the season with 51 points, and scoring 88 goals. With only a few matches remaining in the regular season, Beenhakker was fired as manager. It was rumored that conflict between the coach and Diez Barosso regarding Beenhacker's defending of playing Del Olmo was the reason for his sacking.[47] América reached the semifinals, losing to Cruz Azul. This América team is considered one of the best in the club's history, despite not winning any silverware.[48]

In 1998 América, along with Guadalajara, became the first Mexican clubs to participate in the Copa Libertadores tournament. They were inserted in a group where both teams confronted clubs from Venezuela. América finished in second position of the qualifying stage and advanced to the group stages. América was put in Group 3 along with Guadalajara and Brazilian clubs Grêmio and Vasco da Gama. América qualified to the next round finishing in third place, being eliminated by Argentine club River Plate.[49]

2000s[edit]

América in the 2006 FIFA Club World Cup playing against Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (South Korea)

In the 2000s, America won a CONCACAF Giants Cup in 2001, the first league championship in 13 years in the summer of 2002,[50] and the team's tenth overall league title in 2005.[51]

On 19 April 2006, América defeated fellow-Mexican side Toluca to win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, thus qualifying for the FIFA Club World Cup that same year.[52] At the tournament, América won its first match against Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors of South Korea. América went on to lose the next match against Spanish side FC Barcelona. It ended its participation in the tournament, losing the match for third place to Al-Ahly of Egypt.[53]

2007[edit]

After the Club World Cup, América qualified for the playoffs of the Clausura 2007 defeating Atlas and Guadalajara in the quarter and semi-finals. They played the final against Pachuca, finishing runners-up.[54]

For the Apertura 2007, after starting off the season on a poor run, Luis Fernando Tena was sacked,[55] and was replaced by Daniel Brailovsky.[56] After finishing third in their group and sixth in the general standings, América played Morelia for the last spot in the playoffs, being beaten 3–0 in the first-leg, and winning 1–0 in the second-leg. With this, América was eliminated from the competition.[57]

América also participated in the Copa Sudamericana, reaching the finals to play against Arsenal de Sarandí of Argentina. They would lose the first-leg at the Estadio Azteca by a 2–3 score, and win 2–1 in Argentina. The aggregate result was 4–4, but due to the away goals rule, Arsenal won the championship.[58]

América finished 2007 ranked tenth in the IFFHS's Club World Rankings, becoming the first Mexican club to reach the top ten.[59][60][61]

2008[edit]

The Clausura 2008 saw América end in next-to-last place in the general standings. This had not been seen since the mid-1950s. In the first five months of 2008, América was showered with twelve defeats, two draws and three victories, which resulted in the third-straight tournament without qualifying for the playoffs. The manager at the time was Rubén Omar Romano, who was one of the least successful coaches in the club's history.[62] Coincidently, after being replaced by Juan Antonio Luna,[63] América got their third victory of the Clausura against Monterrey. Despite their poor domestic form, América fared well in the Copa Libertadores, defeating Brazilian side Flamengo in the round-of-16 3–0 at the Estádio do Maracanã, overturning a 2–4 first-leg deficit, and advancing to the quarter-finals.[64]

2010s[edit]

For the Apertura 2010, América brought back former manager Manuel Lapuente, who lead the club to the league title in 2002.[65] The return of striker Vicente Matías Vuoso and the signing of Uruguayan Vicente Sánchez gave América one of the most dangerous front lines in all of the league.[66][67] They finished the tournament in first place of Group 2, fourth in the general standings, with 27 points. With this, they would advance to the playoffs, and automatically qualify for the first time since 2008, for the 2011 Copa Libertadores. They would be eliminated in the semi-finals by Santos Laguna by a 4–5 aggragate score.[68]

América had a bad start to the Clausura 2011 tournament. With a 0–2–1 record in the first three games the tournament, Lapuente was sacked.[69] His successor would be Carlos Reinoso,[70] who had already managed the club two times before. His first game was against Atlas, which América won 2–0.[71] América ended the Clausura with an 8–1–5 record. They would be eliminated in the quarter-finals by Morelia.[72]

On 18 September 2011, Reinoso was sacked as manager,[73] with Alfredo Tena taking over as interim-manager. América would finish the Apertura in 17th place, the second worst finish in the club's history. On 8 November, Michel Bauer stepped down as President.[74] That same day, former América player Ricardo Peláez was presented as Sporting President, while Yon De Luisa would be named Operations President.[75] Miguel Herrera was presented as the club's new manager, the fourth in a year.[76] In his first year at the helm, Herrera brought the team to the semi-finals on two consecutive occasions.

On 26 May 2013, América won their eleventh league title by defeating Cruz Azul in the Clausura final 4–2 on penalties after a dramatic comeback from a 0–1 first-leg loss to win 2–1 in the second-leg, and tie 2–2 on aggregate, with goalkeeper Moises Muñoz scoring the second goal in injury-time.[77][78][79][80][81] With this, América tied Guadalajara for most league titles.[82] For the Apertura 2013, América would again appear in the league final, being defeated by León by an aggregate score of 1–5.[83]

On 17 December 2013, Antonio Mohamed was announced as América's new manager for the Clausura 2014 tournament, replacing Miguel Herrera after two years in charge.[84]

América finished the Apertura 2014 tournament at the top of the general standings with 31 points, and defeated UNAM and Monterrey in the quarter-finals and semi-finals, respectively.[85] Prior to the league final, the club was marred with controversy, such as media speculation regarding the future Antonio Mohamed (he ultimately admitted he would leave the club after the final), and the separation of Paul Aguilar from the team before playing the first-leg of the semi-finals. On 14 December, América won a record-twelfth league title after defeating UANL 3–1 on aggregate in the final, coming back from a 0–1 first-leg loss to win 3–0 in the second-leg at the Estadio Azteca.[86][87][88][89]

Three days after winning the final, América announced Gustavo Matosas as Mohamed's successor, signing a two-year contract.[90]

Crest and colors[edit]

When Club América was founded in 1916, the crest consisted of the letter 'C', standing for "Club", overlapped by an 'A', which stood for "América".[91] After a brief period in which the team's name was changed to Club Unión, it was reverted to Club América in the mid-1920s, and the crest was modified, with a map of the Americas behind the 'CA', and encased in a football, all in the team's colors - which where cream and blue.[92][93] Since then, the badge has seen minimal change, such as the removal of a line at the crest's center at the beginning of the 21st century. During the early 1980s, the crest was surrounded by an image of an eagle (due to the club's nickname), and was even enclosed in a triangle.[92]

The most recent modification of the crest was in 2010, with the yellow and blue more vibrant and a darker outline and border.[94]

Club founder Rafael Garza Gutiérrez chose what would be América's first uniform. He took some of his father's navy blue trousers and a yellow-cream shirt and it was decided amongst the other players that those would be the club's colors.[22] It would not be until the 1980s that the colors changed, with the cream replaced with a more solid yellow. América also played with a white shirt, but it was not as common.

During the Apertura 2011 tournament – what would be the club's 95th anniversary – a commemorative jersey was unveiled paying homage to the original uniform, as well as an altered crest. The uniform was used during the league match against Guadalajara.[95]

Grounds[edit]

Main article: Estadio Azteca
A panorama of the Estadio Azteca during a league match against Tecos

América plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. The stadium was designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, and was inaugurated on 29 May 1966 with a match between América and Torino, which was tied 2–2. The first goal was scored was by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos and the second by José Alves.[96] Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico, made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous, FIFA President, was the witness.

The club has shared the stadium as a home ground with the Mexico national football team since its inauguration. Other club sides have also used the stadium as their home at different times, namely Necaxa (1966–70 and 1982–2003), Atlante (1966–82, 1996–2001 and 2004–2007), Universidad Nacional (1967–1969), Atlético Español (1970–1982) and Cruz Azul (1971–1996).

As well as acting as a home ground the stadium has also hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1975 Pan American Games, 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2011 FIFA U-17 World Cup Final, Copa Interamericana, Copa Libertadores de América, music concerts, political events and the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1999.[97]

Rivalries[edit]

El Súper Clásico[edit]

Tournament GP AV D GV GoalA GoalG
Liga MX 152 58 43 51 160 189
Liguilla 20 12 3 5 27 15
Copa México 12 5 6 1 16 10
Campeón de Campeones 2 0 0 2 1 4
CONCACAF Champions League 2 1 1 0 4 2
Copa Pre Libertadores 2 2 0 0 3 0
InterLiga 1 0 1 0 1 1
Copa Libertadores 2 2 0 0 3 0
SUBTOTALS 193 80 54 59 215 221
Other tournaments and exhibition matches 31 13 9 9 52 43
TOTAL 224 93 63 69 267 264
GP: Games Played
AV: América Victory
D: Draw
GV: Guadalajara Victory
GoalA: América Goals
GoalG: Guadalajara Goals

Source:[98]

Clásico Capitalino[edit]

Main article: Clásico Capitalino
  • América vs. Club Universidad Nacional
    • The rivalry between Club América and Club Universidad Nacional is known as the "Clásico Capitalino",[99] played between two of the three teams which represent Mexico City and the metropolitan area of the Primera División de México. The first match between these two clubs was on 1 July 1962, where América hosted UNAM who had recently been promoted from the second division. In Mexico the match is often perceived as the representation of a struggle between two antagonistic powers and institutions: Club América has always been regarded as the club of the establishment and the wealthy. The fact that the club is owned by the multimedia mass media company Televisa has further intensified this image. UNAM, representing the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, identifies itself as the club of the intellectuals and middle-class.[100] The rivalry is particularly fierce from UNAM's side: according to surveys the majority of their supporters consider América as their main rival. However, America’s fans see it as an important match but deem the match against Chivas as more important.[101]

Clásico Joven[edit]

Main article: Clásico Joven
  • América vs. Cruz Azul
    • Club América's other capital-based rival is Cruz Azul, whom they compete in a derby known as the "Clásico Joven" (Juvenile Classic in Spanish).[99] Although both teams reside in Mexico City, Cruz Azul originated in Jasso, Hidalgo. In a similar perspective between América and UNAM's rivalry, the rivalry between América and Cruz Azul is also seen as based on social class differences: América representing the wealthy and powerful while Cruz Azul is said to represent the working class,[102] hence fans of Cruz Azul and the team itself being insulted by the nickname of "Los Albañiles" (bricklayers in Spanish), a reference to Cruz Azul's eponymous parent company, which is one of Mexico's major companies specializing in concrete and construction.

Support[edit]

Throughout its history, América has had the unique distinction of being one of the most popular and most hated clubs in Mexico.[103] In December 2013 Mexican newspaper Reforma had América as the country's most popular club with 25 percent in a nationwide survey, and the most popular club in Mexico City. They were also voted the most hated club in the same survey with 41 percent of the votes.[104][105] According to a January 2014 poll conducted by Mexican pollster Consulta Mitofsky, América is Mexico's most popular football club with 26.6 percent, and the most hated.[106][107][108] Having the reputation as the most-hated club in the country has been embraced by the club and its fans, with the phrase "Ódiame Más" — or "Hate me more" in English — being known as one of the team's unofficial slogans.[109]

América has the highest attendance numbers in Mexico and the eighth most in the world.[110]

Sponsorship[edit]

Kit manufacturers and sponsors[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1988–89 Adidas NA
1989–90 Adidas Bancomer
1990–91 Adidas NA
1991–92 Umbro Coca-Cola
1992–96 Adidas Coca-Cola
1996–00 Adidas Coca-Cola/Sol
2000–01 Nike Coca-Cola/Sol
2001–05 Nike Coca-Cola/Corona
2005–06 Nike Bimbo/Coca-Cola/Corona
2006–10 Nike Bimbo/Coca-Cola/Corona
2010–11 Nike Bimbo/Powerade/Corona
2011–15 Nike Bimbo/Coca-Cola/Corona/Total[111]

Additional club sponsors:[112][113]

Personnel[edit]

Management[edit]

  • Owner: Emilio Azcárraga Jean
  • Operations president: José Romano
  • Sporting president: Ricardo Peláez
  • Director of Football: Yon de Luisa
  • Operations director: Mauricio Culebro
  • Communications director: Andrés Castro
  • Administrative consultant: Ferran Soriano

Sources:[116][117]

Current staff[edit]

  • Manager: Gustavo Matosas
  • Assistant manager: Vacant
  • Technical consultant: Vacant
  • Fitness coach: Vacant
  • Goalkeeper coach: Vacant
  • Team doctors: Alfonso Díaz Rivera and Joaquín Ledezma
  • Youth Academy directors: Rafael Loredo Silva and José Luis Arce
  • Scout: Mario Hernández Lash

Source:[118]

Players[edit]

For a list of all former and current América players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:Club América footballers.

First-team squad[edit]

As of 15 December 2014.[119]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Mexico GK Hugo González
2 Argentina DF Paolo Goltz
3 Colombia FW Carlos Darwin Quintero
4 Mexico DF Erik Pimentel
5 Argentina MF Cristian Pellerano
6 Paraguay DF Miguel Samudio
8 Mexico MF Moisés Velasco (on loan from Toluca)
9 Argentina FW Darío Benedetto
10 Paraguay MF Osvaldo Martínez
11 Ecuador FW Michael Arroyo
12 Paraguay DF Pablo Aguilar
13 Mexico GK Luis Donaldo Pineda
No. Position Player
14 Argentina MF Rubens Sambueza (vice-captain)
15 Mexico DF Osmar Mares (on loan from Santos Laguna)
16 Mexico DF Jesús Leal
17 United States DF Ventura Alvarado
19 Mexico DF Miguel Layún (captain)
20 Argentina MF Gonzalo Díaz (on loan from Godoy Cruz)
21 Mexico MF José Daniel Guerrero
22 Mexico DF Paul Aguilar (3rd captain)
23 Mexico GK Moisés Muñoz
24 Mexico FW Oribe Peralta
27 Mexico DF Antonio Madueña (on loan from Tijuana)
28 Mexico FW Martín Zúñiga

For recent transfers, see List of Mexican football transfers summer 2014.

Out on loan[edit]

No. Position Player
Mexico GK Carlos López (at Morelia)
Mexico DF Gil Burón (at Querétaro)
Mexico DF Carlos Gutiérrez (at Zacatecas)
Colombia MF Andrés Andrade (at Chiapas)
No. Position Player
Mexico MF Gil Cordero (at Atlante)
Mexico MF Omar Govea (at Zacatecas)
Argentina FW Andrés Ríos (at UDG)
Mexico FW Antonio López (at Zacatecas)

Reserve teams[edit]

América Coapa
Reserve team that plays in the Segunda División in the third level of the Mexican league system.

Notable players[edit]

Hall of Fame[edit]

The following players have been inducted into the Club América Hall of Fame, as indicated by the club's official website.[120]

Goalkeepers

Defenders

Midfielders

Forwards

Player records[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

All-time records[edit]

Managers[edit]

For a list of all former and current América managers with a Wikipedia article, see Category:Club América managers.

Notable managers[edit]

The following managers have won at least one trophy while in charge of América:

Manager Period Trophies
Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez 1917–19, 1920–26, 1929–31, 1933–35, 1935–36, 1937–42 Primera División (2): 1924–25, 1925–26
United Kingdom Percy Clifford 1926–29 Primera Fuerza (2): 1926–27, 1927–28
Mexico Octavio Vial 1949–50, 1952–55 Copa México (2): 1953–54, 1954–55; Campeón de Campeones (1): 1954–55
Argentina Alejandro Scopelli 1964–65 Copa México (2): 1963–64, 1964–65
Uruguay Roberto Scarone 1965–66 Primera División (1): 1965–66
Mexico José Antonio Roca 1971–75 Primera División (1): 1970–71; Copa México (1): 1973–74
Mexico Raúl Cárdenas 1975–78 Primera División (1): 1975–76; Campeón de Campeones (1): 1975–76; CONCACAF Champions' Cup (1): 1977; Copa Interamericana (1): 1977
Chile Carlos Reinoso 1981–84 Primera División (2): 1983–84, 1984–85
Argentina Miguel Ángel López 1985–87 Primera División (1): Prode-85; CONCACAF Champions' Cup (2): 1987, 1992
Brazil Jorge Vieira 1987–89 Primera División (2): 1987–88, 1988–89; Campéon de Campeónes (2): 1987–88, 1988–89
Uruguay Carlos Miloc 1990–91 CONCACAF Champions' Cup (1): 1990, Copa Interamericana (1): 1991
Argentina Alfio Basile 2001 CONCACAF Giants Cup (1): 2001
Mexico Manuel Lapuente 2001–02, 2002–03, 2006 Primera División (1): Verano 2002; CONCACAF Champions' Cup (1): 2006
Mexico Mario Carrillo 2004–05 Primera División (1): Clausura 2005; Campeón de Campeones (1): 2004–05
Mexico Miguel Herrera 2012–13 Liga MX (1): Clausura 2013
Argentina Antonio Mohamed 2014 Liga MX (1): Apertura 2014

Presidents[edit]

Since the club was established in 1916, América has had 26 club presidents, with the first being Florencio Domínguez, who served from 1916 to 1920. Guillermo Cañedo de la Bácerna is the club's longest-serving president who served from 1961 to 1981. Filiberto Zapata had the shortest term in the club's history — serving less than year — in 1940. Ricardo Peláez, who was named in 2011, is the club's current president.[123]

In 1951, actor Cantinflas was named Honorary President of the Club.[124]

Name From To
Mexico Florencio Domínguez 1916 1920
Mexico Guillermo Gómez 1920 1930
Mexico Juan de Dios Bojórquez 1930 1932
Mexico Eric Herrera 1933 1933
Mexico Louis Martinez 1933 1934
Mexico Ernesto Sota 1934 1937
Mexico Germán Núñez 1937 1938
Mexico Salvador González 1938 1939
Mexico Francisco Bautista 1939 1940
Mexico Filiberto Zapata 1940 1940
Mexico César Martíno 1940 1945
Mexico Francisco Bautista 1945 1948
Mexico Antonio Hidalgo 1948 1949
Mexico Miguel Ramírez 1950 1954
Mexico Julián Rodríguez 1954 1956
Mexico Pedro Valdez 1956 1959
Mexico Darío Pastrana 1959 1961
Mexico Guillermo Cañedo de la Bárcena 1961 1981
Mexico Emilio Díez Barroso 1981 1996
Mexico Pablo Cañedo 1996 1997
Mexico Alejandro Orvañános 1997 1998
Mexico Raúl Quintana 1998 1999
Mexico Javier Pérez Teuffer 1999 2004
Mexico Guillermo Cañedo White 2004 2008
Mexico Michel Bauer 2008 2011
Mexico Ricardo Peláez 2011

Honours[edit]

América is the most successful club in Mexican football history.[125] As of 14 December 2014, the club has won a record 16 league titles (4 amateur, 12 professional),[126] 6 Copa México championships (1 amateur, 5 professional), 5 Campeón de Campeones, 1 Copa Challenger and 1 InterLiga tournament. Internationally, América have won eight titles, the most for a club from the CONCACAF region.[18] The club has won 5 CONCACAF Champions' Cup/Champions' League titles,[127] 2 Copa Interamericana cups, and 1 CONCACAF Giants Cup.[128]

Domestic competitions[edit]

Amateur era
Winners (4): 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1927–28
Winners (1): 1937–38
  • Copa Challenger
Winners (1): 1927
Professional era
Winners (12): 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, Prode-1985, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014
Winners (5): 1953–54, 1954–55, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1973–74
Winners (5): 1955, 1976, 1988, 1989, 2005
Winners (1): 2008

International competitions[edit]

Winners (5): 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
Winners (2): 1978, 1990
Winners (1): 2001

Friendly competitions[edit]

  • Liga Excélsior (1): 1920
  • Copa Vizcaya (1): 1920
  • Copa Baltamar (1): 1922
  • Junta Española Covadonga (1): 1927
  • Copa Presidente Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1): 1964–65
  • Copa Independencia (2): 1966–67, 1974–75
  • Copa Revolución Mexicana (1): 1980–81
  • Cuadrangular Ciudad de México (1): 1981
  • Trofeo Águila Azteca (1): 1982
  • Los Angeles Nations Cup (1): 1983
  • Trofeo de la Vendimia (1): 1983–84
  • Triangular Ciudad de México (1): 1987
  • Copa Cofraternidad (1): 1988
  • Copa Pachuca (2): 1995, 1997
  • Cuadrangular Los Angeles (1): 1999
  • Copa de Tejas (1): 2004
  • Copa San José (1): 2006
  • Copa "El Mexicano" (1): 2008[129]
  • Copa Insurgentes (1): 2010
  • Copa Reto Águila (1): 2010
  • Copa Centenario del C.D. Olimpia (1): 2012[130]

International competitions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "América". LigaMX.net.
  2. ^ "La historia de las Águilas del América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  3. ^ a b "Los "apodos" del América en sus 96 años". Pulso. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Estadio Azteca: Antecedentes". Estadio Azteca (esmas.com).
  5. ^ "Grupo Televisa, S.A.B.". Internet Securities, Inc. Euromoney Institutional Investor company. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "El Azteca, cuna de campeones (The Azteca, home of champions)". FIFA. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  7. ^ "The 10 Largest Football Stadiums In The World". Soccerlens. Retrieved November 2009. 
  8. ^ "Top Ten Biggest Soccer Stadiums in the World". Sportige. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  9. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (2007). "Unrelegated Teams". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics.Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "FIFA Classic Rivalries: Chivas Guadalajara VS CF América - Mexico's Clásico de Clásicos". FIFA.com. 
  11. ^ "Historia del Club – Club América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  12. ^ "América es el nuevo líder en títulos de la época profesional en México". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "América, el equipo más ganador de titulos del futbol mexicano". CNN México. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  14. ^ Marshall, Tom. "Club America confirms its authority as Liga MX's most successful club". Goal.com. Retrieved December 15, 2014. 
  15. ^ "List of confederation and inter-confederation club competition winners". 
  16. ^ "FIFA Classic Clubs: CF América". FIFA.com. 
  17. ^ Gorozpe, Carlos. "América es el equipo de la Concacaf con más títulos internacionales". Diario Récord. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  18. ^ a b Dávalos, Juan Antonio. "América, club mexicano con más títulos internacionales". El Universal. Retrieved 4 December 2007. 
  19. ^ http://iffhs.de/?3d0dc2b90f413ecf05ffcc8129dad5105fdcdc3bfcdc0aec70aeedbc83d4d403
  20. ^ "América, el mejor del siglo XXI". Televisa Deportes. Retrieved February 2012.
  21. ^ "América, el mejor de la CONCACAF en el Siglo XXI". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved February 2012.
  22. ^ a b "Primer uniforme del Club América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  23. ^ a b "Inicia la aventura (1917–1942)." www.esmas.com. Redaccion. (Spanish)
  24. ^ "América Campeón de Liga 1927-28". Club América –Sitio Oficial. 
  25. ^ "1931–1940". Club America – Sitio Oficial. 
  26. ^ "Copa México 1954–1955: América vs Chivas". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  27. ^ "América campeón de campeones 1954–1955". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  28. ^ "Epoca profesional (1943–1969)." www.esmas.com. Redaccion. (Spanish)
  29. ^ "América Campeón de Copa temporada 1963–1964". Club America – Sitio Oficial. 
  30. ^ "América derrotó a Morelia en la final de la Copa México 1964–1965". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  31. ^ "Partidos memorables América vs Toluca". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  32. ^ http://www.clubamerica.com.mx/america-campeon-de-copa-73-74
  33. ^ "América campeón de Liga 1975-76". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  34. ^ "América Campeón de la Copa Interamericana 1978". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  35. ^ "CONCACAF Retro: Club America wins first two international titles in 1978". 
  36. ^ Calderón, Carlos. "El América de los ochenta". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 22 February 2009. 
  37. ^ "El primer bicampeonato americanista en la era profesional". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  38. ^ "El segundo bicampeonato americanista en la era profesional". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  39. ^ "América campeón de campeones 87-88". Club América - Sitio Oficial. 
  40. ^ "El clásico más importante: Final del siglo América 3–1 Chivas 1983–1984". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  41. ^ "Club América vs Pumas – Gran Final 1985 América Campeón". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  42. ^ "América campeón de Liga 87–88". Club America – Sitio Oficial. 
  43. ^ "América cerró su época gloriosa de los 80s derrotando a Cruz Azul en la final de 1989". Univision. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "América campeón del torneo de la CONCACAF 1990–1991". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  45. ^ "Copa Interamericana - Historial". Universo Fútbol. 
  46. ^ "América Campeón de CONCACAF 1992-93". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  47. ^ "Leo Beenhakker reveló por qué salió del América". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  48. ^ "Leo Beenhakker no consiguió hacer realidad el sueño de sacar campeón al América". Térra Networks. Retrieved 24 November 2003. 
  49. ^ "México y la Libertadores, 15 años de historia". Publisport. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  50. ^ "América campeón Verano 2002". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  51. ^ "América Campeón del Clausura 2005". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  52. ^ "América Campeón de CONCACAF 2006". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  53. ^ "2006 FIFA Club World Cup – Overview". FIFA. 
  54. ^ "Pachuca, campeón del futbol mexicano". El Universal. Retrieved 27 May 2007. 
  55. ^ "Se va Luis Fernando Tena del América". Orizabaenred.com.mx. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  56. ^ ""Ruso" Brailovsky es nuevo técnico del América de México". nacion.com. Retrieved October 8, 2007. 
  57. ^ "Morelia elimina a un grande". El Siglo de Torreón. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
  58. ^ "Arsenal, campeón de la Sudamericana". Página/12. Retrieved 6 December 2007. 
  59. ^ "Club World Rankings 2007". International Football Federation of History and Statistics. 
  60. ^ "América, décimo mejor club del 2007: IFFHS". Caracol. 
  61. ^ "América, décimo en la clasificación mundial de la IFFHS.". orizabaenred.com.mx. Retrieved 31 December 2007. 
  62. ^ Dávalos, Juan Antonio. "Los 10 datos para el olvido de Romano con América". El Universal. Retrieved 1 May 2008. 
  63. ^ Davalos, Parra, Juan Antonio, José Ángel. "Juan Antonio Luna es el nuevo técnico del América". El Universal. Retrieved 30 April 2008. 
  64. ^ "América dio un maracanazo; 3–0 al Flamengo y avanzó". La Jornada. Retrieved 7 May 2008. 
  65. ^ "Manuel Lapuente es el nuevo técnico del América de México". FutbolRed. Retrieved 25 May 2011. 
  66. ^ "Matías Vuoso regresa al América". El Economista. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  67. ^ "America Bring Vicente Sanchez Back To Mexico". Goal.com. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  68. ^ Cañada, Iván. "Santos elimina al América y está en la Final". Récord. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  69. ^ "Club America Fire Manager Manuel Lapuente". SBNation. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  70. ^ "America sack Lapuente, bring Reinoso". Goal. 
  71. ^ "Carlos Reinoso debuta y gana: América vence 2–0 a Atlas". Publimetro. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  72. ^ McCauley, Kevin. "Monarcas Morelia Vs. Club America, 2011 Liguilla: 3–2 Full Time, Super Eagles Out". SBNation. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  73. ^ "Queda Reinoso fuera del América". Televisa Deportes. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  74. ^ "Michel Bauer quedó fuera del América". La Jornada. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  75. ^ "Ricardo Peláez, nuevo Presidente Deportivo del América". Diario Récord. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  76. ^ "Miguel Herrera es el técnico del América". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  77. ^ "¡América Campeón de la Liga MX!". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  78. ^ Vertelney, Seth. "America win Liga MX Clausura title". Goal. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  79. ^ Terán, Juan Manuel. "¡América, Campeón del Clausura 2013!". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  80. ^ Mulroy, Peter J. (26 May 2013). "America Vs. Cruz Azul: Second Leg of 2013 Mexican Clausura Championship Ends With Shootout As America Outlasts Cruz In Epic Finale; Recap". Latin Times. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  81. ^ "América es campeón del Torneo Clausura 2013 de LigaMX". Noticiero Televisa. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  82. ^ Marshall, Tom. "America title a reminder that Chivas have much to do". ESPN FC. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  83. ^ McCarthy, Kyle. "Club Leon win sixth Primera title". Fox Sports. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  84. ^ "Mohamed presentado como nuevo técnico americanista". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  85. ^ "El camino del campeón: América". La Afición. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  86. ^ "Cronica: América Campeón". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  87. ^ "América vence 3-1 a Tigres y obtiene el décimosegundo título". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  88. ^ "América conquista la liga de México tras derrotar a Tigres". Diario AS. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  89. ^ "Club America captures Liga MX crown with conquest of Tigres". NBC Sports. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  90. ^ "Gustavo Matosas es el nuevo D.T. Águila". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  91. ^ "El primer escudo del Club América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  92. ^ a b "La evolución del escudo del América". Publimetro. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  93. ^ "El segundo y más emblemático escudo del Club América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  94. ^ "El actual escudo del Club América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  95. ^ "América lanza uniforme conmemorativo". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  96. ^ "El Azteca". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  97. ^ "Pide Juan Pablo II "superar" deficiencias en el progreso social". Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  98. ^ http://www.esmas.com/futbol/mi-clasico/el-clasico-de-clasicos-club-america-vs-chivas/
  99. ^ a b Grupo Reforma (2007). "Encuesta completa sobre el equipo más popular de México". UNIVISION.com. Retrieved 2008. 
  100. ^ "FIFA Classic Rivalries: CF América VS Pumas UNAM – Mexico City's grudge game". FIFA.com. 
  101. ^ Eduardo Hernández Castro (2003). "Para Pumas la vida; para América, no lo es todo". eleconomista.com.mx. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  102. ^ Archibold, Randal C. (25 October 2013). "Mexican Writer Mines the Soccer Field for Metaphors". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 October 2013. With Cruz Azul and América taking to the field on the television behind him at the cantina, Mr. Villoro sought to put the game, a traditional matchup between dominant teams in the capital, in context. “This is the Mexico City classic,” he explained. “The game itself is one thing, who scores, who wins. But Cruz Azul represents the working class here; that is their following. América is the upper class, the rich or wannabe rich. So this condenses into the workers versus the wannabes.” 
  103. ^ García, Miguel Ángel."Ódiame cuando quieras". La Cuidad Deportiva. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  104. ^ "América el equipo más popular de México". Club América –Sitio Oficial. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  105. ^ "Son favoritos América y Léon". Encuestas Grupo Reforma. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  106. ^ "MÉXICO: AFICIÓN AL FÚTBOL 2014". Consulta Mitofsky. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  107. ^ "América es el más popular de México, revela encuesta". Diario Récord. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  108. ^ "¡Mexico es amarillo!". Club América – Sitio Oficial. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  109. ^ French, Scott. "Fandom taken to a different level at Club America". ESPN. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  110. ^ "2011-12 World Football Attendances – Best Drawing Leagues (Chart of Top-20-drawing national leagues of association football) / Plus list of 35-highest drawing association football clubs in the world in 2011-12.". 
  111. ^ "Bienvenido TOTAL". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  112. ^ "Guía de medios (PDF)". 
  113. ^ Campos, Alan. "Los grandes del patrocinio". Merca2.0. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  114. ^ "Calvin Klein vestirá al América". Medio Tiempo. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  115. ^ "Amway y el Club América establecen alianza para promover el deporte y una alimentación balanceada". Amway México. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  116. ^ "La Directiva". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  117. ^ "Organigrama". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  118. ^ "Cuerpo Técnico". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  119. ^ "Plantilla". Club América – Sitió Oficial. 
  120. ^ "Salón de la Fama". 
  121. ^ "Máximos Goleadores en la Historia". Realidadamericanista.com. Retrieved 27 July 2008. 
  122. ^ "Anexos: Jugadores con más partidos jugados". Águilas del América: cronología de un equipo campeón. AM Editores S.A. de C.V. 2003. p. 183. ISBN 968-5336-35-0. 
  123. ^ "Presidentes del América". 
  124. ^ Rodríguez Canales, Edith (19 April 2008). "Quince años sin "Cantinflas"". Esto. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  125. ^ "Checa comó se reparten los títulos entre clubes en México". Diario Récord. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  126. ^ "Campeonatos del América". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  127. ^ "América cinco veces campeón de CONCACAF". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  128. ^ "La sala de trofeos americanista". Club América – Sitio Oficial. 
  129. ^ "América gana la copa "El Mexicano"". Esto. Retrieved 27 July 2009. 
  130. ^ Reséndiz, Graciela. "América le ganó 1–0 al Olimpia de Honduras – ESPN: Deportes". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Anexos: Jugadores con más partidos jugados". Águilas del América: cronología de un equipo campeón. AM Editores S.A. de C.V. 2003. p. 183. ISBN 968-5336-35-0. 

External links[edit]